Psychological Research Various Methods Of An Individual, Animal, Event, Or Treatment Method

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In Psychological Research various methods are used to acquire information to prove a specific hypothesis or forecast. One of these methods which necessitates special care and consideration is a case study approach. This particular approach to research allows for the researcher to use skilled procedures to extensively examine a single unit or anomaly. History displays, this strategy as a nonexperimental qualitative approach but in research today, a mixed method of qualitative and quantitative is used. According to Crawford (2016), a case study is defined as “A research methodology that is an in-depth observation of an individual, animal, event, or treatment method” (p.73). However, this definition is modified across disciplines, consequently, creating a variance in the quality of the technique. Today the case study approach is one of the most frequently used methods of research. Although the case study approach provides many advantages, one being a critical investigation into the subject, it also has its disadvantages, some of which jeopardize the effectiveness of the analysis. Nonetheless, because of the rule of ethics, the case study is the best method for attaining evidence which would under other circumstances, be improper and unprofessional (Crawford, 2016). How to Describe a Case Study Crawford (2016) defines a case study as “a research methodology that is an in-depth observation of an individual, animal, event, or treatment method” (p.73). It is a prolonged approach to research, which scrutinizes a particular entity or circumstance to comprehend corporeal states and then to consider the alternatives. Although, the interpretation of a case study contrasts among disciplines, the logic for their hypothesis remains luci... ... middle of paper ... ...information for case studies. However, when dealing with special cases it is critical to practice ethical standards, therefore, information attained should only come from scholarly sources. Case study data can come from recurrent phenomenon case studies of the past and from those under current observation as well. Other data can be procured through the Pictor technique for what King, Bravington, Brooks, Hardy, Melvin, and Wilde (2013) introduce as “…a visual technique in which participants construct a representation of roles and relationships in a particular case using arrow-shaped adhesive notes or cards.” Although information for case studies can be acquired through various sources, when dealing with human subjects, those sources are limited. Nonetheless, the majority of these sources are acquired through closed-ended questionnaires, interviews and direct contact.

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