The Social Identity Theory views the self as a social being, assuming that group membership and social relations play a big part in a persons individual identity. Individuals, therefore, have not just one ‘personal self’ but many ‘social selves’. It is suggested that persons behave “in terms of desire to be in groups”, as groups are “valued positively compared to non-groups”. Turner and Tajfel provide further evidence of this through their “minimal group studies” in which participants showed “in group favouritism”, deviating from fair strategies and favouring members of their own group, even in the most minimal conditions. Hence, it appears group membership is regarded very highly in terms of ones own identity and well being.
However, whilst Tajfel’s study highlights social categorisation as a “distinct social identity”, it also shows a weakness in the Social Identity Theor...
... middle of paper ...
... rather than the one they suggest.
Cousins,S.D. (1989). Culture and self-perception in Japan and the United States. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 56 (1),124-131
Haslam, S.A. (2004). Social Identity Approach . In: Psychology in organizations . 2nd ed. London: SAGE publications. 17-30.
Parfit, D. (1987). Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons. In: Blakemore, C and Greenfield, S Mindwaves: Thoughts on Intelligence, Identity and Consciousness. Oxford: Basil Blakewell,. 18-26.
Rodgers, W,S. (2003). Selves and Identities. In: Social Psychology: Experimental and critical approaches. Maidenhead,GB: Open University Press/McGraw Hill. 229-240.
Tajfel, H. and Turner, J. C. (1986). The social identity theory of inter-group behavior. In S. Worchel and L. W. Austin (eds.), Psychology of Intergroup Relations. Chigago: Nelson-Hall
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In this paper I will be examining two different psychological positions on gender identity. These positions are; binary gender identity and diverse gender identity. After I have explained both positions I will analyze the two and put forth my argument that diverse gender identity captures a more accurate depiction of gender. This psychologically charged debate over gender identity and its presence in society has taken the form of intuitions over social necessity. In where one side is arguing that traditional binary gender norms are no longer relevant in today’s world, and that binary gender norms are damaging to the cultivation of a happy and healthy society.... [tags: binary gender identity, diverse gender identity]
1903 words (5.4 pages)
- In this paper I will examine different psychological theories on binary gender identity and diverse gender identity. My intention is not to argue which set of theories is more accurate but more to provide information and let the reader decide for themselves in the light of their own experiences what theory makes the most sense to them. The psychologically charged debate over gender identity and its presence in society has taken the form of intuitions because of social necessity. On one side, diverse gender identity argues that traditional binary gender norms are no longer relevant nor an accurate reflection of the society that we live in today.... [tags: Gender, Gender identity, Third gender, Transgender]
1387 words (4 pages)
- Among carpenters, it is a well-known fact that building a house upon a solid foundation is imperative. When beginning the construction of a home, the foundation is always the first step leading to success, for without it, the house will become unstable. During extreme weather, such as floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, and other conditions, a slight fault in the foundation of a home will most likely guarantee significant damage, if not complete destruction. Similar to a house, a person’s identity must rest upon a firm foundation; otherwise, it may not be capable of withstanding the ominous conditions of the world.... [tags: Personal Narrative, Identity Essay]
2053 words (5.9 pages)
- Romantic relationships are supposed to be pure bliss. They are supposed to be filled with love, trust, security, peace, patience, joy, and many other amazing things. While that does sound easy to achieve with someone one truly loves, anxiety makes a happy relationship hard to come by. Anxiety alters people’s minds in a negative way so drastically that it becomes difficult to love and be loved. Anxiety causes people to have trust issues, selfishness, and anger, although these symptoms do not have to overpower a relationship.... [tags: Anxiety, Fear, Interpersonal relationship, Love]
1535 words (4.4 pages)
- Personal Identity and Psychological Reductionism When we tackle the question of 'What makes us the individual persons that we are?', one approach that we can take is to seek an answer to the question of what it is that is required for a person to continue to exist over time. If we could agree on what is required for it to be true that you continued to exist, then we would have good grounds to believe that we had discovered what makes someone the particular person they are, and by extension, what makes any person the person they are.... [tags: Psychology Psychological Papers]
1929 words (5.5 pages)
- In the first four chapters of the book, Hood and Johnson examined closely the uses, nature, measurement concepts and initial and outcome assessments of psychological assessments used in Counseling Psychology. Psychological assessments are used by counselors to “identify the nature of a client’s concern and to consider possible treatment approaches” (p.3). Additionally, the assessment data derived from assessments is used by counselors for planning and evaluating programs. The assessment process is therapeutic in that it assists clients in clarifying goals and gives them a “sense of perspective and support” (p.3).... [tags: Psychometrics, Assessment, Psychological testing]
1100 words (3.1 pages)
- Identity is the foundation of your character, which can be shaped and molded by the values and beliefs of society. Identity can be perceived as characteristics that one recognizes that are unique to him or her. Identity is like your fingerprint, no two in the world are the same. The fingerprints might look like the same and someone might try to replicate them, but the truth is they are only yours. Identity builds a distinct disposition, which can be influenced by external social perceptions and internal morals.... [tags: English-language films, Short story]
1391 words (4 pages)
- The Psychology Behind the Serial Killer Creeping around the shadowy house, the predator found its prey waking to strange sounds. The victim lay facedown, with a sweating forehead pressed fearfully into the pillow, silently praying the noises would just go away. Suddenly the victim found himself straddled and pinned to the bed. He was unable to scream for help due to the pressure of the handle of a pick-axe against his throat, preventing any breath from escaping, much less any sound. The victim struggled beneath the weight of the assailant.... [tags: Psychological Essays]
3236 words (9.2 pages)
- Ronald Takaki, a frequent writer of cultural backgrounds, reminds us that, “America does not belong to one race or one group, the people in this study remind us, and Americans have been constantly redefining their national identity from the moment of first contact on the Virginia shore. By sharing their stories they invite us to see ourselves in a different mirror.“ Out of my fellow composition students, at State University, I am the only one whose great great grandparents came over to the USA.... [tags: Personal Narrative, Identity Essay]
1881 words (5.4 pages)
- Stealing the identity of another is not an honest act. However, the Internet allows many opportunities for exploration of identity and has displayed personal social exploration to fulfill their curiosity. According to Lemke (1998), young people develop a sense of full presence online, living in them semiotically as they make cultural and personal sense of their participation. The shaping of an identity plays a vital role in the online world especially in having sustained online presence within any particular online-group.... [tags: Technology, Online Identity]
605 words (1.7 pages)