Psychological Effects On The Correction System Essay

Psychological Effects On The Correction System Essay

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Psychological effects that result from confinement characterize the dysfunctional aspect of the correction system. Incarceration makes inmates more prone to abnormal behavior patterns in comparison to the people living on the exterior of these facilities. Craig Haney portrays the understanding that one of the many difficulties that threaten prisoners’ mental well-being is their inability to be self-reliant as well as their innate response to use aggression. Haney states, in the journal of Law & Policy that, “vulnerabilities and inabilities to cope and adapt can come to the fore in the prison setting, and…the behaviour [sic] patterns and attitudes that emerge can take many forms, from deepending [sic] social and emotional withdrawals to extremes of aggression and violence” (Haney 266).
Another point that Haney makes is that, “despite an occasional study that yields an inconclusive finding, there is little reason to doubt the empirical consensus that crowding significantly worsens the quality of institutional life and increases the destructive potential of imprisonment” (Haney 271). Imprisonment can allure prisoners into an abnormal mental state due to the absence of an institutional life. This can even manifest as destructive mindsets among the prisoners.
Similarly, Haney conveys the idea that confinement stresses inmates. Haney reveals, “exposure to “long-term, intense, inescapable crowding” of the sort that now characterizes many prisons results in high levels of stress that “can lead to physical and psychological impairment” (Haney 271). Whether it is abnormal behavior patterns or abnormal mental activity the California Prison System is responsible for causing such negative effects among the prisoners.
Besides the psycholog...


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...ry Jason points out, “it is so overcrowded the U.S. Supreme Court recently ordered that it release 37,000 prisoners” (Jason). With such an abundant number of prisoners on the streets it is delusional to think that crime rates have decreased.
Some individuals inclusive believe that the population in prisons has abated, yet findings show the inefficient way that this has been done. Grattet and Hayes affirm, “state penal institutions are operating at 150% of their design capacity and will need to clear out nearly 10,000 more prisoners to comply with the court’s mandate” (Grattet and Hayes). So even if the incarcerated population has diminished it has not been properly done. Regardless, prisons are housing too many prisoners. As a result, inmates are being housed in areas that are not designed to be lived in. These include gymnasiums, dayrooms as well as many others.

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