The underlying purpose of psychological assessment is embedded in the problem solving model frequently used by counselors to summarize assessments. The model is comprised of five steps namely; clients orientation, problem identification, generation of alternatives, decision making and verification. The first step looks at how the problem is viewed while the remaining four steps address the client’s way of solving a problem. As with the purpose, there are basic principles involved in conducting psychological assessments. Eighteen principles are looked at and include: consideration for the purpose of the assessment; the reliability, validity and utility of an assessment method for the purpose it will be used; the possibility of multiple problems; alternative hypotheses; and the influence of individual factors on test results. Careful considerations should be made by counselors to “understand the theoretical construct or condition being measured by a test” to determine whether or not the construct was adequately measured by the test (p.8).
Psychological tests are used by counselors in varying settings and areas including me...
... middle of paper ...
...t in welfare allow counselors to obtain constructive feedback regarding effectiveness of techniques and can assist in modifying counseling programs through information received from clients.
I have decided to reflect on the first four chapters of this book as I think it sets the framework for one understanding the basic concepts encapsulating psychological assessments. Additionally, in learning how to conduct assessment testing coupled with an understanding of the underlying principles I think contributes to the credibility and usefulness of all the varying assessment techniques used in counseling psychology. I was particularly interested in how useful the scores obtained from psychological assessments are within the counseling field and how vital they are in understanding client issues and with implementing effective intervention techniques.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Confidential Material The names used in this Psychological Assessment Report are fictitious. This is absolutely necessary to protect the privacy of the children being observed. NAME: Ryan Smith DATE OF BIRTH: 5/8/1998 CHRONOLOGICAL AGE: 16 years PARENTS: Mary Smith & Ryan Smith GRADE: completed ninth grade DATES OF ASSESSMENT: 7/17; 7/27/2014 DATE OF REPORT: 8/3/ 2014 INDENTIFYING DATA AND REASON FOR REFERRAL: Ryan is a 16 years 3 months old Caucasian adolescent, who was referred for a psychological evaluation to determine his current cognitive and emotional status.... [tags: Adolescent Psychological Assessment]
5400 words (15.4 pages)
- Assessment of Personality This paper introduces the overview of personality assessment approaches in use currently in society. It proceeds to review the big five personality measures, its validity in prediction of personality types (Archer & Smith, 2011). Aspects on the social desirability trait and the distortion produced in responses to evaluation questionnaires, being a significant part of the problems in personality assessment is examined. Personality constructs have been demonstrated to be useful for explaining and predicting attitudes, behaviors, performance, and outcomes in organizational settings (Ones, Dilchert, Viswesvaran, & Judge, 2007).... [tags: Big Five personality traits]
1995 words (5.7 pages)
- Assessments and Treatments of Pathological Gambling: Help is On the Way The stories of pathological gamblers about college student Rann, twenty-four Scott, and widower Mary are all too common behavioral characteristics of the psychological disorder of Pathological Gambling overall. Additionally, the three stories of each of the stories are an outcry for today’s society to provide effective assessments and treatments to pathological gamblers alike. Today, various methods of assessments and treatments are becoming more accessible for pathological gamblers and their families to seek help regarding the matter.... [tags: Problem gambling, Addiction, Gamblers Anonymous]
887 words (2.5 pages)
- Psychological Assessments for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) published by the American Psychiatric Association, used by psychologists to classify mental disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD is defined by obsessions and compulsions that are time-consuming, uncontrollable, and interfere with the individual’s cognition and social development (APA, 2000). For the purpose of this paper the focus will be on psychological assessments used to assist in the diagnosis of OCD.... [tags: mental disorders, rituals, obsessions]
1473 words (4.2 pages)
- MID-TERM ASSIGNMENT ASSESSMENT TERMS 1. Alternate Assessment Alternate assessments are a different form of ways to assess students with the most severe cognitive disabilities. They also provide aid for students with disabilities who may need different ways to access assessments, alternate assessments are included in the educational system. Alternate assessments are generally for students that are unable to take general state tests even with accommodations. There are multiple different types of alternate assessments, one type is Alternate Assessments Based on Alternate Achievement Standards (AA-AAS), the AA-AAS is for students with severe cognitive disabilities.... [tags: Assessment, Educational psychology, Psychometrics]
2081 words (5.9 pages)
- The nurse would firstly identify if Mrs Jones is at risk of falls by conducting a falls risk assessment using an evaluation tool such as the Peninsula Health Falls Risk Assessment Tool (FRAT) (ACSQHC, 2009). The falls risk assessment enables the nurse to identify any factors that may increase the risk of falls (ACSQHC, 2009). The falls risk assessment tool focuses on areas such as recent falls and past history of falls; psychological status for example, depression and anxiety; cognitive status; medications including diuretics, anti-hypertensives, anti-depressants, sedatives, anti-Parkinson’s and hypnotics; as well as taking into account any problems in relation to vision, mobility, behaviour... [tags: Risk assessment, Risk, Rheumatoid arthritis]
1214 words (3.5 pages)
- Introduction Self-report has always been one the easiest ways to gain insight of a person’s personality. These test can range from quizzes filled out online that tell you which pop star is your personality twin to standardized tests requiring a certified test user. Some of the most popular and highly researched tests have been the MMPI and its successors. The MMPI, created by Stark R. Hathaway and John Charneley McKinley, was the first step towards the MMPI-2-RF. The MMPI was firstly created to test individuals who were 14 years old and older.... [tags: psychological assessments]
1713 words (4.9 pages)
- Goal 2- Garner experience and practice in treatment planning and assessments through performing psychosocial and diagnostic assessments; consider methods of interventions appropriate to client presentation; develop treatment plans with supervisor for assigned clients. My first shadowing session was with one of my home based cases, where the clinician I was working with did an excellent job in helping me with coordinating treatment planning and in gathering useful assessment information as this was a transfer case for which the intake was already completed.... [tags: Psychology, Cognitive behavioral therapy]
1207 words (3.4 pages)
- Critique of Praxis General Test Information The Professional Assessments for Beginning Teachers or Praxis is administered through Educational Testing Services and is currently the most popular norm-referenced test being used (Brown, 2008). The Praxis Series tests measures the knowledge of important content and skills required to teach (Educational Testing Service, 2010). Each of the tests reflects what is believed to be important for new teachers as reflected by practitioners across the United States.... [tags: Education, Test, Praxis]
1647 words (4.7 pages)
- Introduction It can be said that there are numerous tests that have been created by psychologists all over the world, but of all those tests how many are as unique as the Millon. Through rigorous research and reading I have selected the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III test. The Millon Clinical Multiaxical Inventory (3rded: MCMI-III) is a widely used psychological assessment of clinical and personality disorders (Grove, W. M., 2009). This test, now on its 3rd edition, has embodied several innovative ideas in personality and psychopathology assessment (Grove, 2003).... [tags: psychological assessments of disorders]
1334 words (3.8 pages)