Psychological Aspect of Health Care Essay

Psychological Aspect of Health Care Essay

Length: 2128 words (6.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Critically evaluating the extent to which patient’s beliefs influence their experience and response to health care.
Our personal beliefs influence our health behavior either positively or negatively. Health beliefs have been linked to uptake and have been measured using a number of models. For example, Bish et al. (2000) used the health belief model (HBM) and the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to predict uptake of a routine cervical smear test.
Personal models refer to patients’ representations of their illness, and include knowledge, beliefs, experiences and emotions concerning their health condition (Petrie & Weinman, 1997; Skelton & Croyle, 1991). Within self-regulation theory, they are assumed to play an important role in determining a person’s response to a health threat and their subsequent health-related behaviour (Leventhal, Leventhal, & Contrada, 1998; Leventhal, Nerenz, & Steele, 1984). Consistent with self-regulation theory, personal models of diabetes have been shown to be predictive of diet and, to a lesser extent, exercise self-management among older people with diabetes (Hampson, 1997a).
The association between health beliefs and intentions or actual performance of health behaviours has been examined extensively within the theoretical framework of social cognitive models such as the Health Belief Model (e.g. Rosenstock, 1974), and the Theory of Planned Behaviour (e.g. Ajzen, 1985). These theoretical approaches have a number of overlapping constructs (Norman & Conner, 1996), and personal models also have similarities with elements of social cognition theories. However, personal models are unique in that they are empirically based, originating in studies of patients. Focusing on Illness cognition within the con...

... middle of paper ...

...Family Practice 2002;19:333–8.
Mitchell Peck B,Ubel,P,Roter DL et al. Do unmet expectations for specific tests,referrals,and new medications reduce patients’ satisfaction. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2004;19:1080–7.
Norman, P., & Conner, C. (1996). The role of social cognition theories. In M. Conner & P. Norman (Eds), Predicting health behaviour (pp. 197–225). Buckingham: Open University Press.
Moss-Morris, R., Petrie, K., & Weinman, J. (1996). Functioning in chronic fatigue syndrome: Do
illness perceptions play a regulatory role? British Journal of Health Psychology, 1, 15–25.
Rao J,Weinberger M and Kurt K. Visit-specific expectations and patient-centred outcomes: A literature review. Archives of Family Medicine 2000;9:(10)1148–55.
Rosenstock,I. M. (1974).Historical origins of the Health Belief Model. Health
Education Monographs, 2, 1–8.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Chosen Health Care Essay

- The chosen health care need that this assignment will focus on is Breast Cancer as each year more than a quarter of a million people are diagnosed with Cancer in the United Kingdom, Macmillan (2007). Breast Cancer was chosen as the health care need as people’s awareness of Breast cancer need to be raised. Also through out this assignment the sociological and psychological aspect of breast cancer will be looked at and also the global national and local initiatives will be looked at as well for anyone receiving or caring for someone with breast cancer....   [tags: Health, Breast Cancer]

Term Papers
2378 words (6.8 pages)

The Quality of Relationship Between the Carer and Care Receiver Essay

- A care relationship is special and requires skill, trust and understanding. This essay will elaborate how the quality of that relationship affects the quality of the care given and the experiences felt in receiving care. These different relationships will depend on the type of care given, who the care is given by and what sort of previous existing relationship there was to begin with. For a good care relationship to work it needs to follow the 5 K101 principles of care practice which are 'support people in maximising their potential','support people in having a voice and being heard','respect people's beliefs and preferences','support people's rights to appropriate services' and 'respect peo...   [tags: Health Care]

Term Papers
1331 words (3.8 pages)

Palliative Care in Health Care Essay

- I have been a registered nurse at UCLA for 18 months. One particular issue that has captured my attention is the utilization of palliative care in health care. Because nurses are generally at the bedside all the time, they have an important role to play in voicing the importance of its utilization and implementation in the patient’s care. In 2003, the American Nurses’ Association published a position statement regarding “Pain Management and Control of Distressing Symptoms in Dying Patients.” The organization states: In the context of the caring relationship, nurses perform a primary role in the assessment and management of pain and other distressing symptoms in dying patien...   [tags: Bed-side Nursing]

Term Papers
758 words (2.2 pages)

Music Therapy in Treating the Physiological or Psychological Aspect of an Illness or Disability

- In the last decades of the information age, where technology has rapidly advanced and information is readily available through search engines connected to databases on the World Wide Web, medical studies have similarly advanced and enlarged their domain to psychological and physiological areas of study in addition to their traditional physical concerns. Music therapy, one area of study, has shown growing development and interest. Music therapist Deforia Lane defines music therapy as “the systematic application of music to aid in the treatment of the physiological or psychological aspect of an illness or disability” and notes that the human soul relates inseparably to this treatment (Lane 15)...   [tags: effective programs for healthcare]

Term Papers
1616 words (4.6 pages)

Improving Self-Care for Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis Essay examples

- Introduction Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a heterogeneous autoimmune disease that is chronic and acute, most likely to affect women and those between 35-50 years of age. The process of RA begins as an inflammation episode in the synovium, causes it to thicken and become edematous. Synovial inflammation results in joints that are swollen, tender, and stiff. The patient with RA may manifest symptoms of pain, morning stiffness, fatigue, weight loss, anxiety, and depression. (Chen, & Wang, 2007) Self-care abilities are affected by the clinical manifestations related to the disease process of RA....   [tags: Nursing, Health Care]

Term Papers
1147 words (3.3 pages)

Hypochondrias: Sickness in Health Essay

- Background Proverbially speaking, “A man convinced against his will, is of the same opinion still”. Such is the case in the typical hypochondria realm, if there is such a thing as typical with hypochondria. If anything, hypochondriacs are atypical in science and medicine. The modern world has come to accept that hypochondriacs are sick, but not with the ailments usually described in a physician’s third or fourth visit with a single patient in less than 10 days. Are they sick. Are they experiencing symptoms that can be backed up with tests and diagnostic equipment....   [tags: Health Care]

Term Papers
2224 words (6.4 pages)

Child Care: Needs Assessment Essay

- In this paper I will be discussing the choices I should have made with my past client, John, and how I have grown as a child care professional through my successes and failures therein. I will also discuss how I would go about treating him now, focusing more on cognitive developmental therapy as well as dealing further with his anger and violent actions. My goal in this aspect is to show how I would find the roots of his anger caused by his past to better help him conquer these issues in the future....   [tags: trauma-informed care, trauma, behavior]

Term Papers
1405 words (4 pages)

Psychological Ideas Change Social Institutions and Practices Essay

- Lecture Psychological ideas have huge impact to the fundamental changes in wide spectrum of social institutions and practices. The regime of any country that regulates and implement policy; can cause a fundamental or detrimental changes from within the criminal justice, educational institution, health care system and employment legislation. Influence of psychology is relevant in all aspect of our lives; for instance the criminal investigation agency in the United States may be involved in criminal profiling: predict and profile the characteristic of inconspicuous criminal offender, which entails extensive social and psychological assessment of the offender....   [tags: Criminal Justice, Education, Health Care System, ]

Term Papers
1153 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about The Elderly are Changing the Face of Health Care

- ... More than 40 percent need care in a nursing home for some period of time ("What is Long-Term Care?"). Health service community-based programs play an important role in improving health outcomes for people with complex and chronic health care problems. It provides the appropriate treatment, therapy and supportive care to meet the needs of older people. These programs can serve to prevent hospital admission, readmission and improve health outcomes by ensuring adequate treatment and supports are available to enable people to reach their optimal level of independence....   [tags: hospital, patients, medication]

Term Papers
592 words (1.7 pages)

Essay on The Sociological Aspect of Obesity

- The Sociological Aspect of Obesity ABSTRACT Much has been written to explain the medical aspect of obesity but little attention has been paid to understanding the sociological aspect of the epidemic. This research attempts to understand the sociological aspect of obesity by examining the socio-cultural, gender, and psycho-social effects and includes the different perceptions of the epidemic as well as what is deemed acceptable in the society we live in. In the American culture, obesity is seen as a bodily abnormality and deviance that should be corrected....   [tags: Sociology Overweight Diet]

Term Papers
7428 words (21.2 pages)