Essay on Psychological Androgyny

Essay on Psychological Androgyny

Length: 820 words (2.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In many cultures, expectations are put upon men and women. From birth, boys are expected to be masculine and girls are expected to be feminine. These expectations follow us into adulthood. Although these expectations vary widely, in the United States, more masculine characteristics are valued (Michaelson & Aaland, 1976). Leadership and assertiveness, and other masculine characteristics are valued in work environments and other areas, while more feminine traits such as excessive expression of emotion can be less valuable. However, a combination of these characteristics, or androgyny, allows people to have important leadership skills, but also have empathy and consideration for others, and the ability to address different situations appropriately. Michaelson and Aaland defined androgyny as a combination of self-assertivity and relatedness, self-assertivity being the more masculine characteristic and relatedness being the more feminine trait. It is a combination of sensitive behaviors and controlled emotions. They described masculinity as agency, or having more emotional control and independence, and femininity as communion, or being sensitive to other people. Androgynous people showed characteristics of both.
Psychological androgyny means that one individual can be masculine and feminine at the same time. In certain situations, a person can be assertive, independent and emotional or concerned of the welfare of others (Bem & Martyna, 1976). They also found that college students had more nontraditional responses, meaning that they did not necessarily stick to traditional gender role expectations, and women reported less traditional responses regardless of whether they were among the college group or non-college group. ...


... middle of paper ...


...relationship (Sakalli-Ugurlu, 2003).
Based on previous research, we hypothesize that participants scoring androgynous or scoring high on both masculine and feminine personality traits will be positively correlated with relationship satisfaction. A more androgynous personality will be linked to higher relationship satisfaction. The length of the relationship participants are involved in may also have an impact on relationship satisfaction. Longer relationships could perceive higher satisfaction because are more comfortable in the relationship. However, longer relationships might indicate less satisfaction if the people involved are getting to know each other better and realize they may not be right for each other. Shorter relationships could indicate more satisfaction if the people involved are in the earlier stages, and are just getting to know each other.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Androgyny in the Characters of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth Essay

- Androgyny in the Characters of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth        In her book, Woman and Gender in Renaissance Tragedy, Dympna Callaghan addresses the presentation of women in Elizabethan England, stating that "women were clearly socially subordinate, and the preponderance of discourse on the gender hierarchy was misogynistic" (Callaghan 12). According to Marianne L. Novy in Love's Argument: Gender Relations in Shakespeare: "'Woman' seems to be associated with qualities - emotions, fears, - one has against one's will, and 'man' with a preferable mode of existence....   [tags: GCSE Coursework Macbeth Essays]

Better Essays
2287 words (6.5 pages)

Psychological explanations of Anorexia and Bulimia Essay

- Psychological explanations of Anorexia and Bulimia Based on the idea that woman experience more pressure to be thin that men, Behar et al. investigated the effect of gender identity on eating disorders. Behar et al. aimed to compare some traits of gender identity between females with eating disorders and a control group. 126 participants, 63 of whom had either anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa, and 63 who did not, were given a structured clinical interview based on the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for eating disorders and the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) for gender identity....   [tags: Causes of Anorexia, Bulimia Nervosa]

Free Essays
375 words (1.1 pages)

Gender Differences and Gender Stereotypes from a Psychological Perspective

- Gender Differences and Gender Stereotypes from a Psychological Perspective Gender Differences and Gender Stereotypes Gender differences and gender stereotypes are fascinating in that one must sift through the theories, assumptions and inevitable confusion to distinguish the reality from the assumption. Men and women are obviously different, especially inherently, but how. And why. And which differences are more individualized than generalized. Even more interesting is to observe how the differences between men and women have evolved, especially over the past 30 years- since the sexual revolution....   [tags: essays papers]

Better Essays
1082 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Androgyny With a Chest to Bare

- The recent controversy surrounding the censorship of Andrej Pejic’s cover on Dossier Journal’s May 2011 edition (Figure A) revolves around the issue of androgyny in America. The surrounding ideas regarding the American censorship of an androgynous male model explore the discomfort around gender bending and reflect on the American gender dichotomy. This essay will explore the ways in which Serbian male model Andrej Pejic and Dossier Journal challenge the American “normative” representations of gender and sexuality while feeding off of racial norms on the Dossier May cover; this challenge has resulted in the covers censorship in the American market....   [tags: Sexuality]

Better Essays
1573 words (4.5 pages)

Psychological Assessment Of Psychological Assessments Essay examples

- In the first four chapters of the book, Hood and Johnson examined closely the uses, nature, measurement concepts and initial and outcome assessments of psychological assessments used in Counseling Psychology. Psychological assessments are used by counselors to “identify the nature of a client’s concern and to consider possible treatment approaches” (p.3). Additionally, the assessment data derived from assessments is used by counselors for planning and evaluating programs. The assessment process is therapeutic in that it assists clients in clarifying goals and gives them a “sense of perspective and support” (p.3)....   [tags: Psychometrics, Assessment, Psychological testing]

Better Essays
1100 words (3.1 pages)

Ethical and Psychological Hedonism Essay

- ... To compare, then, in general hedonism is about valuing pleasure; depending on what kind we are talking about, it may hold different meanings entirely. Ethical hedonism is one branch which states that a person ought to be entitled to act in ways so as to achieve the greatest amount of personal pleasure (and minimize the amount of personal pain). This normative statement is in sharp contrast to the descriptive—and theoretically baseless—concept of psychological hedonism which argues that a human is always motivated by a desire to achieve personal pleasures....   [tags: ethical hedonism, psychological hedonism]

Better Essays
1388 words (4 pages)

Androgyny in James Baldwin's Here be Dragons Essays

- Androgyny in James Baldwin's Here be Dragons The piece by James Baldwin titled “Here Be Dragons” was amazing and I definitely recommend reading it. Baldwin’s piece is mainly a plea for understanding. He argues that within every person there is a little bit of the opposite; for instance, inside every male is a little bit of femininity, just as there is some masculinity within every female. Baldwin also mentions how, many times, the things we fear are things present inside of ourselves that we wish were not....   [tags: Here Dragons]

Better Essays
508 words (1.5 pages)

Personal Identity and Psychological Reductionism Essay

- Personal Identity and Psychological Reductionism When we tackle the question of 'What makes us the individual persons that we are?', one approach that we can take is to seek an answer to the question of what it is that is required for a person to continue to exist over time. If we could agree on what is required for it to be true that you continued to exist, then we would have good grounds to believe that we had discovered what makes someone the particular person they are, and by extension, what makes any person the person they are....   [tags: Psychology Psychological Papers]

Better Essays
1929 words (5.5 pages)

Psychological Egoism Essay

- Psychological Egoism      The descriptive claim made by Psychological Egoists is that humans, by nature, are motivated only by self-interest. Any act, no matter how altruistic it may seem on the outside is actually only a disguise for a selfish desire such as recognition, avoiding guilt, reward or sense of personal ‘goodness’ or morality. For example, Mother Teresa is just using the poor for her own long-term spiritual gain. Being a universal claim, it could falter with a single counterexample....   [tags: Psychology Psychological Essays]

Better Essays
490 words (1.4 pages)

Psychological Stress Essay

- Psychological stress is a result of many factors and should be dealt with very carefully. Stress can be defined as “An excess of demand made upon the adaptive capabilities of the mind and body”.(Joseph 1). Another way of putting it, is that there are some things that put certain demands on us. The effects of stress should not be limited to unpleasant emotional states. Many studies have concluded that the effects on our physical health from stress can be extremely detrimental. These adverse physical effects include heart disease and formations of cancer....   [tags: Health Impact Psychological Stress]

Better Essays
1812 words (5.2 pages)