The Psychological And Institutional Importance Of The War II Essay

The Psychological And Institutional Importance Of The War II Essay

Length: 912 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

It has been said of war that, “In no other circumstances than the battlefield does man confront the knowledge that he is present in that place for the purpose of suffering death at the hands of fellow man, and that he must kill if he is not to be killed himself. The battlefield…is a place almost without mercy and utterly without pity, where the emotions which humanity cultivates and admires elsewhere…have neither room to operate nor place to exist” (Kindsvatter 30). The motivation to participate in unspeakable acts while in an environment that is foreign to most of humanity by virtue of their nature is difficult to understand let alone quantify and model. The underlying conditions for combat compliance can be reasonably explained, with a few limitations, by the leadership theory which postulates the psychological and institutional importance of both central and local leadership figures.
The involvement of American troops in several large scale conflicts such as the Vietnam War, Korean War, and World War II offers insight into the commitment to conflict across different generations of soldiers from the same culture. Each of these individual conflicts presents numerous examples of compliance ranging from extreme non-compliance to over compliance. The majority of soldiers fall somewhere between those two extremes in an attempt to best negotiate a tough situation, but theory of leadership lays out a foundation for a baseline of compliance.
On the extreme end, non-compliance is generally considered to be a mass mutiny of soldiers or an outright refusal to carry out orders. In the Vietnam, as the war progressed and sentiment about the war faded into despair, the rational for fighting came into question and incidents of what i...

... middle of paper ...

...ic fever, and… dysentery – a malady so common as to be nicknamed ‘the GI’s’… Some soldiers thus fought on while suffering the fevers and chills of malaria or the stomach pains and loose bowels of ‘the GI’s’”(Kindsvatter 44). The fact that the soldiers continued their commitment to combat in the face of many obstacles enforces the leadership theory in that it highlights the importance of a strong leadership and the stability of an institution to engender the continued support of the soldiers, many of who had been consigned to war. The commitment of the soldiers cannot simply be explained by alternative concepts such as automaticity or external incentives due to the soldiers facing physical and emotional challenges they were not prepared in training and which overcoming offers little to no glory as an incentive. The reliability of the institution of local leadership

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Institutional Self Interest Exercised The Most Significant Influence On The United States Before The Second World War

- Institutional self-interest exercised the most significant influence on the development of airpower in Europe and the United States before the Second World War because of the limitations of conventional warfare to achieve a decisive victory, the rise of the bomber plane as the ultimate weapon and the ideas of the first advocates of an independent air force. How to achieve a decisive victory has been a constant quest of the Generals through all the history. In Europe, the commanders of XIX century used Napoleon’s “art of war” as a paradigm , focusing on mobility and the efficient use of logistics to move his army corps faster than the enemy does....   [tags: World War II, World War I, Royal Air Force, War]

Better Essays
1512 words (4.3 pages)

Institutional Change And Its Impact On The Environment Essay

- Institutional change is the product of a combination of changes in the environment, in the population, and in access to resources. In many cases these changes are not dramatic changes that occur suddenly, but rather, most of these changes in the structure of the society happen gradually and slowly. I argue that changes in the environment, population, and technology will require institutions to adapt to these new circumstances. In addition, I argue that the first institutions that change are those of the core social institutions in society, or the economic and the political institutions....   [tags: Sociology, Society, Institution]

Better Essays
1152 words (3.3 pages)

The Psychological Impact of War and Peacekeeping Essay

- Comparing ‘Suspicious Minds at Risk. The Role of Meaning in Processing War, Peacekeeping Experiences’ and ‘Nationalism, Internationalism, and Perceived UN Irrelevance: Mediators of Relationships between Authoritarianism and Support for Military Aggression as Part of the War on Terror’ and How Many Casualties Are Too Many. Proportional Reasoning in the Valuation of Military and Civilian Lives War is one of the unfortunate constants of human history, fought for various reasons. One has to wonder how much human beings can dehumanize the enemy, or their own soldiers with simple propaganda....   [tags: Psychological Effects of Combat]

Better Essays
3805 words (10.9 pages)

Essay on Psychological Effects of War Terror on the Palestinian People

- United States government estimated 37,212 Palestinians lived in United States in 2010. The influxes of Palestinian immigrants often could attributed to events called “Intifadas.” The Arabic word “Intifada” translated, means a “shaking off” but can also translate to an “uprising.” Israel’s and the Palestinian authority’s animosity derives from the First Intifada. The current political standing of the state of Israel and the Palestinian authority runs off from the Second Intifada, which lasted from late 2000 to 2005....   [tags: War, Psychology]

Better Essays
1440 words (4.1 pages)

The Lack Of Economic Interdependence And The Institutional Void Of The Prewar Years

- Conclusion The lack of economic interdependence and the institutional void of the prewar years contributed to the forsaking of incentives of peaceful cooperation among states. Protectionism doomed global trade while powerlessness wrecked the League of Nations. A second image perspective suggests that the Great Depression and the subsequent social unrest instigated nationalist movements that paved the way for aggressive fascist regimes across Europe. Nonetheless, these arguments were not sufficient causes for the spark of the war, for the nationalist movements endorsed domestic reforms....   [tags: World War II, United States, Nazi Germany]

Better Essays
722 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about The Psychological Cost Of War

- There you stand over the body of a fallen friend, a brother or sister in arms. You are asking yourself why them, why not you. What could have I done to save them. That is when you wake up, sweating, panting. It was just a night terror, yet it feels the same as the day they died, even though it has been ten years. This is just one of the many emotional scars soldiers of war face. Though why do we go to war when this is the cost. For many it is because they are unaware of the psychological cost of war, they are only aware of the monetary cost....   [tags: Emotion, Love, Army, Psychology]

Better Essays
1114 words (3.2 pages)

Psychological Anxieties in English Literature Essay

- ... Lack of faith in God and religion caused man to develop confused conceptions in their own identities and an apprehensive anxieties as an integral part of their life to some extent was self-created leading them to live a purposefully incomplete life. An important characteristic of the modern novel is its diversity of themes and variety of themes were not prevalent during Marlowe’s Age. Doctor Faustus Theme- The play opens with the chorus which announces the theme of the play- being neither exploits of war, nor ‘dalliance’ of love, nor ‘proud audacious deeds’....   [tags: psychological tormented characters]

Better Essays
1967 words (5.6 pages)

War and Peace Essay: The Importance of Sonya

- The Importance of Sonya in War and Peace Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace speculates deeply about history, religious life and human brotherhood. Most readers focus on the characters of Natasha, Prince Andrew, and Pierre. Another character named Sonya, who is an orphaned cousin, is staying with the Rostov family. Sonya is overshadowed by the other characters, however, she is vital to the rounding out of the other characters in the novel. The people she loves most take her life of commitment and sacrifice for granted....   [tags: War Peace]

Better Essays
1749 words (5 pages)

A Psyschological Study on Drinking Essay

- A Psyschological Study on Drinking Abstract In response to the need for research that incorporates multiple aspects of theory into a testable framework, this study attempted to replicate and extend the results of Cooper, Russell, Skinner, Frone, and Mudar (1992). A modified stressor vulnerability model of stress-related drinking was tested in a homogeneous sample of 65 male and female undergraduate student drinkers. Total weekly consumption of alcohol was used as the criterion measure, whereas family history of alcoholism (Adapted SMAST: Sher & Descutner, 1986), alcohol outcome expectancies/valences (CEOA: Fromme, Stroot, & Kaplan, 1993), perceived stress (PSS: Cohen, Kamarck, & Mermelst...   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
4942 words (14.1 pages)

The Importance of Ethical Guidelines When Conducting Psychological Research

- The Importance of Ethical Guidelines When Conducting Psychological Research Ethical guidelines are concerns about the impact that research has on the subjects. The effects can be both beneficial and harmful and so the researcher must always think very carefully about how they ought to behave so that no harm comes to the subjects. In the 1960's the ethical aspect of research was barely considered they were accepted as a way in which research was conducted. The need to have some sort of guidelines to protect research subjects was recognised in the 1970's, but it wasn't until 1990's that the first set of ethical guidelines were published....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
681 words (1.9 pages)