Sigmund Freud was an explorer of the human mind and the unconscious desires that are embedded in the brain. In his method of psychoanalysis, he explained human behavior. The most important aspects of psychoanalysis are the unconscious desires, the id, ego, super ego, and the Oedipus complex. Also included are the aspects of dreams, defenses, and the influence of childhood experiences. Freud also used his theory to treat psychological disorders. Psychoanalysis can be seen in literature if the reader can ask the right questions while analyzing. Psychoanalysis explains human behavior and development, and can be seen in different forms of literature.
Consciousness is our awareness, while unconsciousness is our unawareness. The unconscious drives and desires are unexpressed memories, feelings, and wishes that are repressed in our minds. Unconscious drives are hidden “feelings, memories, and instinctual drives” which Freud believed had to do with “sexuality and violence” (Rivkin and Ryan 389). Human’s unconscious feelings or emotions motivate behavior even though we are unaware of these drives. These contained desires are repressed, meaning that they are filed away from our consciousness because they are too disturbing to recognize. Repression can be said to cause a “second self, a stranger within, a place where all that cannot for one reason or another be expressed or realized in civil life takes residence” (Rivkin and Ryan 389). Much of what people repress is troubling memories from our childhood. Freud recognized that much of our unconscious is based on our childhood and the experiences that are faced during this time of life. If a child had a hostile experience with one parent, this experience will be...
... middle of paper ...
... She cries for her mother and screams into the phone. She thinks in her head, “I’m not going to see my mother again…I’m not going to sleep in my bed again” (Oates 311). She was so scared of the situation that she regressed back to needing her parents’ protection.
Psychoanalysis explains human behavior and shows how we unconsciously store unwanted events and desires. The basic points of psychoanalysis are unconscious desires, childhood events, repression, the Oedipus complex, defense mechanisms, dreams, and the id, ego, and superego. Psychoanalysis can be seen in any literature if one looks close enough and asks the right questions. “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been” by Joyce Carol Oates shows many examples of psychoanalysis. In conclusion, psychoanalysis, pioneered by Sigmund Freud, explains how our unconscious drives influence our behavior.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalytic Criticism Theory What dominates your personality. Have you ever questioned what makes us behave the way that we do. In the 1900's Sigmund Freud developed the structural model of personality. In his well developed theory named Psychoanalytic Criticism, Sigmund Freud stated that there are three parts to our mind. Freud published two books that introduced the public to the unconscious mind. We are all born with our id. It is the part of the personality that contains our primitive impulses.... [tags: Freud Psychology Personality]
1182 words (3.4 pages)
- The Psychoanalytic criticism is a literary criticism that is used to interpret texts and their deeper meaning of psychology. Sigmund Freud is the founder of this literary criticism and it has been put into practice since its conception. It is used to psychologically analyze a certain author or a certain character in a work. Its purpose is to understand a work by treating the chosen character as a case study and to look for certain psychological tendencies in the actions or thoughts of the characters.... [tags: Sigmund Freud, Psychology, Psychoanalytic theory]
992 words (2.8 pages)
- Heart of Darkness: Psychoanalytic Criticism Psychoanalytic criticism originated in the work of Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, who pioneered the technique of psychoanalysis. Freud developed a language that described, a model that explained, and a theory that encompassed human psychology. His theories are directly and indirectly concerned with the nature of the unconscious mind. Through his multiple case studies, Freud managed to find convincing evidence that most of our actions are motivated by psychological forces over which we have very limited control (Guerin 127).... [tags: Psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud Psychology]
4505 words (12.9 pages)
- ... The ego intends to make decisions based on the Id (our impulses) and Super Ego (morals). The ego understands the self wants and needs, while taking into account the real world and how it affects the things around it. It’s like your head (Ego) making decisions with the devil (Id) on one shoulder and angel (Superego) an the other. In the wife of Bath’s Tale we can use our knowledge about her, and the details about the story she tells to analyze her character. As the Wife of Bath tells her story to the group, she exposes some of her conscious and unconscious thoughts.... [tags: Sigmund Freud, The Ego and the Id, Libido]
834 words (2.4 pages)
- Sigmund Freud was one of the most iconic psychologist in the twentieth century. He developed various theory in the field of psychology. Although, some of his work is outdated, his impact on the field is still strongly felt. One of his theory that he put forward was the belief that a person’s personality was set in childhood, along with the idea that if someone tried to analyze the psyche of a person, they’ll put up barriers, or defense mechanism, to “lie” to themselves. Freud’s work on the psychoanalytic is still used to treat depression and various anxiety disorder.... [tags: Sigmund Freud, Unconscious mind, Mind]
787 words (2.2 pages)
- Sigmund Freud: A Look Inside Sophocles’s Incestuous Mind The myth of Oedipus is a template that explains a developmental processes that all children undergo. Myths are an important component of our psyches, our media and popular culture of our everyday lives. Psychoanalytic criticism is a structure of literary theory criticism which uses some of the techniques of psychoanalysis in the interpretation of literature. It aims to cure mental disorders by investigating the interaction of conscious and unconscious elements in the mind.... [tags: Sigmund Freud, Unconscious mind, Psychoanalysis]
1294 words (3.7 pages)
- I strongly believe that every person who reads a book, listens to the radio, or watches a program on television will make their own assumptions. I know I do. Most of us will ask, “Why did the main character make that decision?” Or “What were they thinking?” Could it be that the author of the story is protruding their own subconscious thoughts and beliefs through their characters. Absolutely, most critics have adapted psychoanalytic literary criticism theory based upon the works of psychoanalysis by famous psychologists Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Jacques Lacan to literary works.... [tags: Literary Analysis ]
2483 words (7.1 pages)
- Psychoanalytic Criticism Introduction The psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud spent much of his life exploring the workings of the unconscious. Freud's work has influenced society in ways which we take for granted. When we speak of Freudian slips or look for hidden causes behind irrational behavior, we are using aspects of Freudian analysis. Many literary critics have also adopted Freud's various theories and methods. In order to define Freudian literary criticism, we will examine how various critics approach Freud's work.... [tags: Psychology Freud Psychological Papers]
1152 words (3.3 pages)
- Psychological criticism is known as the type of criticism that analyses the writer’s work within the realms of Freud’s psychological theories. Such approach can be used when trying to reconstruct an author’s position throughout their literary writings, as well as understanding whom the author was and how their mind created such works. When considering the work of Emily Dickinson, psychoanalytic criticism comes into play with the role of explaining the many meanings behind her poetry, as to make the reader relate to such poetry on a deeper level or not to who she was as a human being.... [tags: freud, poetry, meanings, desires, concepts]
1087 words (3.1 pages)
- ... These psychosexual stages of development are crucial for personality development as healthy personality cannot be developed without them. These stages of development include oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital. The oral stage entails sucking and biting of an infant and helps to develop trust with their peers. This stage is pleasurable for most, and if this stage is fulfilled the individual tends to be relatively more positive later in life. The anal stage is when an infant experiences curiosity I smelling, touching, and playing with one’s feces.... [tags: Sigmund Freud, Psychosexual development]
1491 words (4.3 pages)