Psychoanalytic Criticism of Relationship Between Victor Frankenstein and His Creature

Psychoanalytic Criticism of Relationship Between Victor Frankenstein and His Creature

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In Mary Shelley’s novel, Frankenstein, the relationship between Victor Frankenstein and the creature he has given life to can be explained by applying psychoanalytic criticism. This explanation will look specifically at Victor’s Oedipal complex, the developmental issues of the creature, and the id/ego/superego dynamics between Victor and the creature.
The roots of Victor’s Oedipal complex can be traced back to his creation. Alphonse Frankenstein married his best friends’ daughter, a young woman who could be considered his daughter figure. This idea of intimacy within the family is one in which Victor is accustomed to. Victor’s mother chose to save Elizabeth from poverty. She also “chose” Elizabeth for Victor, “‘I have a pretty present for my Victor - tomorrow he shall have it.’ And when, on the morrow, she presented Elizabeth to me as her promised gift, I, with childhood seriousness, interpreted her word literally.” (Shelley 35) Through a basically arranged marriage to his adoptive sister, Elizabeth, Victor is fulfilling his unconscious desire to be intimate with his own mother b...

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