Psychoanalytic and Femisnist Theories in A Farewall to Arms by Ernst Hemingway

Psychoanalytic and Femisnist Theories in A Farewall to Arms by Ernst Hemingway

Length: 2051 words (5.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

“A Farewell to Arms” written by Ernest Hemingway in 1929 attracted much critical acclaim and theoretical interpretation helping to understand the author’s message to the readers the overall importance of the literary work in the world. The events of the novel took place during the First World War in Italy revolving around Frederic Henry, an American ambulance driver working for the Italian Army and being wounded on the front. Another very important character in the novel was Catherine Barkley, the nurse taking care of Frederic while he was in the hospital in Milan. They soon becomed involved in a romantic relationship. This paper will focus on the Psychoanalytic and Feminist theories helping to understand the basic meaning of the novel and characters’ roles in the plot, characterized by the continuous interaction with each other and specific conflicts.
Ernest Hemingway always paid much attention to the conflict between people and the world bringing several challenges to people affecting their physical and emotional state of health rather negatively. Wars are some of these conflicts, changing people’s life and affecting their perception of the surrounding reality. The novel described the in war period, a period characterized by desperation, loneliness, and other feelings experienced by people either directly involved in the battlefield or indirectly taking care for those wounded in the front or simply losing their friends, relatives and beloved persons at war. Psychoanalytic theory was mostly based on the issues experienced by Frederic and Catherine, the major characters of the novel under analysis. People living during that period of time tried to find some form of anesthetics helping them to deal with the cruelty of war and suff...

... middle of paper ... to build the proper life together in some peaceful place, but the tragedy ruined their plans. Frederic was again left disillusioned and broken, but not by the war but by the loss of the woman he loved and valued highly, the woman who succeeded to change him and show better times and hopes.

Works Cited

Donaldson, Scott. New Essays on A Farewell to Arms. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990. Print.
Hemingway, Ernest. A Farewell to Arms. New York: Simon and Schuster Publishing, 1997. Print.
Merklein, Christine. Symbols in A Farewell to Arms. New York: GRIN Verlag, 2003. Print.
Bloom, Harold. Ernest Hemingway’s "A Farewell To Arms". New York: Infobase Publishing, 2009. Print.
Rama Rao, P.G. Ernest Hemingway’s "A Farewell To Arms". New York: Atlantic Publishers, 2007. Print.
Walker, Ross. A Farewell to Arms. New York: Insight Publications, 2009. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Dangers of a Feminist Perspective of A Farewell to Arms

- The Dangers of a Feminist Perspective of A Farewell to Arms       Hemingway's portrayal of Catherine Barkley in A Farewell to Arms is a subject of many debates. I do not agree with Judith Fetterly that Catherine is "too idealistic, too selflessly loving and giving. Catherine's death was the most fitting end to the story. Hemingway's Catherine Barkley may be stereotypical on the surface, but is a much more knowledgeable and strong character underneath.   In the early encounter with Henry, Hemingway sets up Catherine's major faults....   [tags: Farewell Arms Essays]

Term Papers
1033 words (3 pages)

Essay on A Feminist Alternative to Fetterley's Criticism of A Farewell to Arms

- A Feminist Alternative to Fetterley's Criticism of A Farewell to Arms       After finishing A Farewell to Arms, I found it difficult to reconcile Judith Fetterley's feminist attack of the novel with my own personal opinions. I agree that Hemingway does kick women to the curb in his portrayal of Catherine, but my reasons for pinning this crime on Hemingway are different from hers'. Although she means well, Fetterley makes the ridiculous claim that by portraying Catherine as an angelic, selflessly loving "woman to end all women," Hemingway disguises misogynistic attitudes and a deep-seeded hatred towards the XX chromosome....   [tags: Farewell Arms Essays]

Free Essays
892 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on Ernst Mayr's What Evolution Is

- Ernst Mayr's What Evolution Is When Ernst Mayr published his book, What Evolution Is, in 2001 it was hailed as a work of genius. The praise, replete with superlatives, ranged from "elegant, enthralling, and provocative" to "clear, comprehensive, and very informative".1 From all appearances it intended to be the theory of evolution offered up to the common man for general consumption and enlightenment; it was what would put the evolution/creationism debate to rest once and for all. It neither fulfilled its own goals nor lived up to the acclaim received from the intellectual establishment....   [tags: Mayr What Evolution Papers]

Term Papers
1216 words (3.5 pages)

Ernst and Young Essay

- I. Introduction A. About the company: Ernst & Young is a global leader in assurance, tax, transactions and advisory services. The company is based in London, UK, with 709 offices in 140 countries, over 70 of which are in the United States. It employs 152,000 people worldwide. Global revenue in 2011 was $22.9 billion. Ernst & Young was founded in 1989 when Ernst & Whinney and Arthur Young & Co. merged. The company's roots go back to 1849. To ensure they are efficient and effective, they have organized their legal entities into 29 similarly sized business units, called Regions, in terms of both people and revenues....   [tags: revenue, region, technology, advisory, assurance]

Term Papers
2394 words (6.8 pages)

Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms Receives Positive Criticism Essay

- Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms Receives Positive Criticism Published in 1929, Ernest Hemingway finished A Farewell to Arms when he was barely 30 years old. Hemingway had been planning on writing about World War I for more than a decade, and chose A Farewell to Arms to be his attempt at a blockbuster, a novel which would sell very well.1 This view is supported by the fact that one of Hemingway's original works, presumably loss in the fiasco of Hadley's luggage, was also a war novel, emphasizing Hemingway's firm belief in the importance of war and love as a theme....   [tags: Farewell Arms Essays]

Term Papers
878 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on Catherine as Code Hero in Ernest Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms

- Catherine as "Code Hero" in A Farewell to Arms         In the last book of A Farewell to Arms, when the pregnant Catherine Barkley is having painful contractions, Frederic Henry, the narrator and protagonist of the novel, reminds his "wife" that she is "a brave good girl" (FTA 313). A day later, after undergoing a caesarian section and giving birth to a stillborn baby boy, Catherine proves just how brave she is; though she knows she is dying, she still has the dignity and strength to accept such a fate....   [tags: Farewell Arms Essays]

Term Papers
3312 words (9.5 pages)

Essay on Imagery in Ernest Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms

- Imagery in A Farewell to Arms by Ernest Hemingway        Imagery placed strategically through the novel A Farewell to Arms shows how well Ernest Hemingway is able to prepare the reader for events to come. Catherine Barkley, the English nurse who falls in love with Fredric Henry, an American in the Italian army, states, "I'm afraid of the rain" (125), as they stay in Milan. She goes on to explain "I'm afraid of the rain because sometimes I see me dead in it. ... And sometimes I see you dead in it" (126)....   [tags: A Farewell to Arms]

Term Papers
3707 words (10.6 pages)

Essay on Ernest Hemingway and A Farewell To Arms

- Ernest Hemingway and A Farewell To Arms      "We did not do the things we wanted to do; we never did such things" (Hemingway 13). This single sentence voiced early in Ernest Hemingway's A Farewell To Arms by the American protagonist, Lieutenant Frederic Henry, sums up the rather pessimistic and drab tone and mood presented in Hemingway's works, particularly this novel, which also reflects the pessimistic and judgmental mind housed within the author. Regardless of the unhappy circumstances and heart-breaking situations which prevail throughout the novel, A Farewell To Arms certainly deserves a place in a listing of works of high literary merit....   [tags: Farewell Arms Essays]

Term Papers
3202 words (9.1 pages)

Essay on Love and Agony in A Farewell to Arms

- Love and Agony in A Farewell to Arms      The vigorous, strapping youth boldly advances into war, rifle in hand, picture of mom in his pocket- hair neatly combed, clean socks. Eagerly he arrives on the sunny front and fights off the enemy with valor, saving whole troops of injured soldiers as he throws them over his shoulders and prances upon the grassy lawn to safety. Between various sequential medal-awarding ceremonies, he meets a radiant young nurse tending the blessed wounded he saved. They fall in love, get married, produce beautiful war babies, and everyone returns home happily....   [tags: Farewell Arms Essays]

Term Papers
946 words (2.7 pages)

Max Ernst Essay

- The use of symbols in surrealism and the meaning within these paintings by Max Ernst played a significant influence on the notion of my experimental art making. He was a German painter, sculptor and a graphic artist but also considered as one of the primary pioneers of the Dada and Surrealism movement. They aimed to revolt against everyday reality by exploring the construction of the unconscious mind. By exploring the mind and transforming reality by surveying the desires of the human nature, it allows one to contemplate on the actuality and the realities of our world....   [tags: art]

Term Papers
1244 words (3.6 pages)