Psycho analytical approach believed that human personality is controlled by our subconscious thought therefor to understand conscious we have to understand what is in the human mind.
Psychoanalysis is also known as the talking cure. His method of unlocking mind of mental illness patients including the following technics: talking and free association. On this technics Feud was supported his patients to talk freely so he can find the symptoms and to describe what was in their unconscious mind.
Freud introduce a topographical model of the mind
He compares the mind to an iceberg. He suggests that they are three level of awareness that controls our behaviour and personality, which are the conscious, preconscious and unconscious.
Conscious mind is the smallest part of our mind. It is the only part who is freely floating over the water. It is made of the things that we are aware and paying attention of it.
The preconscious is the medium part of human mind that is also under the water. It is made of the things that we are aware of but we are not paying attention of it and we can deliberate bring them at any given time.
The unconscious is the biggest part of our mind that is under water. it made of things we are not aware of it.
Freud’s Personality theory
He believed that human has 3 personalities, which are: Id, Ego and Superego.
The ID is the personality that we are born with. It made of pleasure principle. It is located in unconscious part of human mind that is why It demands immediate satisfaction no matter time or circumstance.
The superego is made of the society values and rules which are learnt from our parent, sch...
... middle of paper ...
...her person to him.
Reaction formation: he will start to express the opposite of what he thinks.
Submission: He may redirect his frustration toward social activities.
He also claimed that human has a Psychosexual stages of Development and If a child miss one of each stage it will remand on his mind and it can be fixed latter on life by causing a bad behaviour of personality.
Note: Freud’s theory is good in explanation but it is unscientific. there is evidence that support his oral and anal personality, there is also a small evidence of his oedipal conflict but his theory is not scientifically proved. For example, it is difficult to test the unconscienced mind and there is not a prove on female sexuality development and why it is differed to the male one. Therefor Fisher & Greenberg (1996) propose to classified Freud’s theory has a hypothesis than a theory.
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