Psychoanalysis Of The Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe Essay

Psychoanalysis Of The Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe Essay

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Psychoanalysis of “The Cask of Amontillado”
Edgar Allan Poe is known for his murderous stories. All of them are psychoanalyses of his life. In “The Cask of Amontillado,” Montresor struggles with his ego and superego just as Poe did throughout his life. The story starts off with the murderer telling what he did with satisfaction. The murderer’s name is Montresor, and he has a brilliant, devious plan to murder Fortunato. He tells his plan step by step of how he commits this dexterous murder. How far will someone go to seek revenge?
“The Cask of Amontillado” is a good psychoanalysis of Edgar Allan Poe himself. E. L. Doctorow states that Edgar Allan Poe’s life was an “unremitting disaster. He was orphaned when he was only two, married to his thirteen year old cousin who later died from tuberculosis.” He had a gambling problem and got kicked out of the University of Virginia. His foster mother died, then his foster father died. His adoptive father was unforgiving with Poe’s gambling, which ties in to Montresor not forgiving Fortunato for insulting him. Lorine pruette suggests that because of these terrible events in his life, he turned to drugs to cope with the losses. Also, this is how he was able to write chilling, terrifying stories (Pruette 370). These events in his life may have caused Poe to go into a deep depression and because he was so depressed with all of the deaths that happened, everything was gloomy and frightening in his world. He only knew how to write horror stories with sad ending that related to his life.
Comparably like Poe, Montresor’s ego is telling him to seek revenge and that no one insults Montresor and gets away with it. His superego is telling him all the things that could go wrong, but his ego is tellin...


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...e who is dead and not Fortunato. This is called displacement, where you want to take something horrible that you did and replace with something better.
Montresor never revealed why he was mad at Fortunato or what he did wrong to Montresor. Montresor is proud of this torturous murder and feels satisfied. After the murder of Fortunato, Montresor feels regret and maybe wishes that he did not commit it or thinks that he should be one who is dead and not Fortunato. Montresor realized that he let his anger get the best of him. According to Delany, the quote was only half sated, the other half of the quote is “have pity on me,” meaning that now that Montresor has murdered him, and he can feel pity towards Fortunato. This theory could be true because at the end of the story Montresor says to the now dead Fortunato “In pace Requiescat!” which in Italian means rest in peace.

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