Psychoactive Substance Use And Substance Abuse Essay example

Psychoactive Substance Use And Substance Abuse Essay example

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Throughout societies, individuals from time to time are constantly faced with inevitable life circumstances and crises in varying areas of their lives where they are forced to employ coping strategies as a way of dealing with their situations. Such skills can either be healthy or unhealthy where effectiveness varies and is based on subjective reports derived from individuals. Likewise, within the field of mental health, individuals encounter struggles in different areas including emotional, social, cognitive and psychological where their ability to engage in effective reasoning and problem solving becomes impaired thus allowing them to become incapable of making appropriate decisions. Conversely, many such individuals resort to inappropriate usage of medicated drugs, excessive smoking and alcohol consumption. Consequently, this may lead such individuals to engage in substance abuse. Substance abuse in accordance with the World Health Organization is defined as “the harmful or hazardous use of psychoactive substances, including alcohol and illicit drugs. Psychoactive substance use can lead to dependence syndrome - a cluster of behavioral, cognitive, and physiological phenomena that develop after repeated substance use and that typically include a strong desire to take the drug, difficulties in controlling its use, persisting in its use despite harmful consequences, a higher priority given to drug use than to other activities and obligations, increased tolerance, and sometimes a physical withdrawal state” (Retrieved December 3, 2014 from http://www.who.int/topics/substance_abuse/en/).
The DSM- 5 postulates the criteria of impaired control, social impairment, risky use and pharmacological as being indicative of substance use disorde...


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... the world they are a part of, they are able to control how they interpret and cope with things in their surroundings. Cognitive behavior therapy is predominantly focused on cognition and behavior as it emphasizes the role of thinking, questioning, deciding, doing, and redeciding. The most widely used cognitive behavioral therapy approaches include: rational emotive behavior therapy, cognitive therapy and multimodal therapy. With cognitive behavioral therapy, the principal driving force is that individuals’ behaviors are significantly impacted by their thoughts and feelings. “Cognitive interventions have included strategies designed to challenge or change the content of dysfunctional thoughts and beliefs hypothesized to play a role in the development, maintenance and relapse of binge eating and substance use disorders” (Courbasson, Nishikawa & Shapira, 2011, p. 19).

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Psychoactive Substance Use And Substance Abuse Essay example

- Throughout societies, individuals from time to time are constantly faced with inevitable life circumstances and crises in varying areas of their lives where they are forced to employ coping strategies as a way of dealing with their situations. Such skills can either be healthy or unhealthy where effectiveness varies and is based on subjective reports derived from individuals. Likewise, within the field of mental health, individuals encounter struggles in different areas including emotional, social, cognitive and psychological where their ability to engage in effective reasoning and problem solving becomes impaired thus allowing them to become incapable of making appropriate decisions....   [tags: Psychotherapy, Cognitive behavioral therapy]

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