The thought of the internet was first introduced in 1960 when the United States Department of Defense was concerned about nuclear warfare and wanted to do what it could to protect America against foreign threats. With the help of the Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Department of Defense was able to link a network of university and military computers together (Gillies 26). By 1981, only two hundred computers were linked to ARPANet, the name of the network. It was way too hard to access the internet at that time because it required memorizing master series of programming manuals or referring to a manual constantly (Naughton 172). Few people knew about the internet and even fewer were interested.
In 1991, the World Wide Web was introduced to the world. It was developed by Tim Berners-Lee, a British computer scientist for the European Organization for Nuclear Research (Naughton 58). The company used hypertext markup language (HTML) to link information from computer to computer all throughout the world. It allowed people to jump easily from one computer’s resources to another (Gralla 169). In 1993, web browsers were initiated and it brought overwhelming growth to the internet (Naughton 61).
This was the first step to the internet being used in more complex ways. Now that the internet was able to ...
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