Tourism is the fastest growing industry and the fastest growing of it is ecotourism. According to the world travel and tourism council, tourism is the world’s largest industry generating 12% of the global gross domestic product. It has been trying to determine tourism due to amorphous nature of the activity and because some business travelers and convection goers can join conferences and tourism class activities.
Some scholars have tried to explain tourism although their interpretations are uncertain.
Mathewson and Wall (1982) defines tourism as the temporary movement of people to destinations outside their traditional place and work area, the activities undertaken during the stay and the facilities created to cater for their needs. A central part of tourism is just one of this leisure and recreational activities. Tourism is generally viewed as being multi dimensional, possessing physical, social, cultural, economic and political characteristics.
Although tourism is said to be a revenue generating business, it has particularly affected the local employment particularly in the third world countries. It has affected the political, social, economic and environmental sectors of the indigenous people. Some of the adverse effects include the following among others, eviction of the people from their ancestral lands, economic dislocation, breakdown of traditional values and decay.
In the 1950’s, the colonial government of Tanzania and Kenya under the British, legalized the hunting and piece of the wild animals by white settlers thus paving the way for the mass tourism. They set up zones for the exclusive benefit hunters and prevented access to the local inhabitants. Lodges and camp sites were esta...
... middle of paper ...
... resulted to vary in value of environmental media, air, water and soil. Health of biological organisms and humans gets affected.
When working upon all these negative effects, this industry can be of crucial importance to the individuals. It should serve the locals and also the government. In the third world countries due to lack of adequate knowledge and technology, they experience the idea that tourism has negative effects more than the positive ones.
1. Newsome, D. (2002) natural area tourism: Ecology, impacts and management. University of Queensland, Australia channel view print.
2. Ouma, J.P.B.M, (1997) Evolution of tourism in east Africa, East African literature bureau Nairobi, Kampala, Daressalam.
3. Smith L.V(ED), (1997), Host and Guest: anthropology of tourism, Pennsylvania: university of Pennsylvania press.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- With over two hundred countries participating, the Olympic Games is easily considered as one of the largest multisport event known to history. The Olympics are held at a different country, and even more rarely at the same city. For a country to be chosen to host the Olympics, the country’s National Olympic Committee (the country’s representatives for the Olympics) nominates a city (from the country they represent) that they think has potential in hosting the Olympics nine years prior to when they wish to host the Olympics.... [tags: olympic games, pros and cons]
1040 words (3 pages)
- Various definitions of tourism exist. Tourism is defined by Macmillan Online Dictionary as the business of providing services for those people travelling for holidays. Tourism has experienced continued growth over the years and diversification and has become one of the fastest growing economic sectors in the world. For countries like Australia, it has become one of the major contributing sectors in the economy generating large proportions of the national income and at the same time increase employment opportunities.... [tags: Tourism and Development Concepts]
1988 words (5.7 pages)
- With the space program growing the space industry is seeing a greater demand in the market for space tourism. With these demands to venture out to space there are companies that are venturing out to make it an opportunity for humans to explore out to the stars. The world is now seeing companies making it their mission to do orbital, suborbital flights and even live in space. The space industry’s business and economics on the development of new space vehicles for future space tourism is a concern for these companies.... [tags: private market, space vehicles]
1207 words (3.4 pages)
- As humans our desire to visit space has never ceased, but our scientific advances have so far only allowed manned visits to the moon. There are many political factors that influence the ongoing attempts to engineer space tourism and future missions to Mars. High costs and risks involved in spaceflight due to the longevity in space and the effects of cosmic rays have been many of the setbacks in making it a reality. The United States is currently unable to conduct human spaceflight after losing its capability to launch upon the retirement of the space shuttle in 2011.... [tags: Pro Con Essays]
1170 words (3.3 pages)
- Since the invention of electricity, mankind has found many ways to generate electricity by using different energy sources. Energy sources can be classified into two main types which is renewable and non renewable or finite energy (Twidella, & Weir, 1985). According to Twindella and Weir (1985) renewable energy is defined as energy that has sustainable sources and can be found in the natural environment. This means that the energy sources can be generated on its own without any human interference (Twidella & Weir, 1985).... [tags: Energy ]
1919 words (5.5 pages)
- The war on drugs is a movement of prohibition and military aid being undertaken by the United States government intended to both define and reduce the illegal drug trade. In the year 2010 the U.S. government spent $15 billion on the war on drugs, at a rate of $500 per second. State and local governments spent another $25 billion as well. In 2007, $42 billion was spent on the marijuana prohibition. That is more money than the war on drugs spent on all types of drugs three years before when $40 billion was spent all together.... [tags: Drugs, Pros and Cons]
1595 words (4.6 pages)
- It’s your senior year of high school. It is time for you to decide what you want to do after you graduate. You have a few possible things that you could do. You could start applying for colleges, get accepted to one, and then go to college right out of high school; or you could do the same thing, but take a year off. This brings up the argument of whether or not a student should take off a gap year before they begin college. There are both, pros and cons to taking a gap year prior to starting college.... [tags: Pros and Cons of Gap Year]
1096 words (3.1 pages)
- More and more people travel every year. International tourist arrivals grew by 5% in 2013, reaching a record 1,087 million arrivals according to the latest United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) World Tourism Barometer (UNWTO, 2014). UNWTO also forecasts a 4% to 4.5% for 2014 (UNWTO, 2014). But do we know what tourism is. When asked to define tourism, people tend to think first about all the economic aspects of tourism, such as accommodations, food and beverage…and so on. It is true that the most visible parts of tourism are very often linked to the industry of tourism.... [tags: Tourism, World Tourism Organization]
1124 words (3.2 pages)
- Ecotourism in South American Countries Synopsis: We are living in a world that tends to put developed nations against indigenous peoples. Foreign developers seeking cheap labor and natural resources on untouched lands are exploiting cultures that have survived for centuries on their own. South America is a continent that possesses rich indigenous culture that is still relatively untouched by outsiders. Americans have the ability to preserve that heritage through organized efforts to encourage certain types of visitors to indigenous areas to create an economy that will take the place of potential mining, logging, and ranching enterprises.... [tags: Economy Tourism Essays]
3766 words (10.8 pages)
- The tourism industry plays a major role in the development of culture within the Europe and the Americas, specifically the Caribbean nations. Tourism has become a major source of governmental income, employment, community development, wildlife preservation, and ultimately the rise in GDP of these countries. There are three types of tourism: domestic tourism, inbound tourism and outbound tourism. Domestic tourism is one that travels within their own country for an extended period of time at least 24 hours.... [tags: Tourism, United States, Europe]
933 words (2.7 pages)