Health screening, according to Durojaiye, (2009), is a systematic application of a test or inquiry to identify individuals at risk of a specific health problem. This enables further investigation or direct preventive action, among individuals who have not sought medical attention on account of their symptoms of that problem. The main aim of screening program therefore is to detect disease or risk factors among the general population, in order to carry out preventive, or therapeutic intervention because the highest benefit one can derive from a specific treatment is when the disease is less advanced (Wardle & Pope, 1992). Screening is different to diagnosis as it is performed on people without symptoms; it does not provide a diagnosis but rather identifies individuals at increased risk for follow-up diagnostic testing (Trevena2009).
There are a number of benefits expected from health screening and much research has shown the benefits that health screening provides to the health sector. However, in recent years research is emerging with the agenda of opportunity cost of health screening. As result many scholars have indicated that there is a significant number of disadvantages associated with heath screening. This essay explores the benefits and dis-benefits of health screening, and highlights the contribution of psychology to health screening.
Wardle & Pope (1992) claimed that evaluating the benefits of health screening can be very difficult. This is primarily due to the fact that premature death from chronic diseases, fore example breast and cervical cancer, is comparatively rare and con...
... middle of paper ...
...ures are applied when they are most effective. Most of the disadvantages of health screening lie on the psychological aspect of the individual and the anxiety that it creates. The other disadvantages are the misconception it creates for individuals especially those with negative result and the alteration of health behavior that people develop because of screening. Most researchers agree that the screening process should be implemented only if the benefits out weigh the dis benefits. Research shows that, psychology plays an enormous role in reducing the distresses created by health screening. The major psychological methods of dealing with the stresses due to health screening are assumed to be coping strategies that involves teaching simple strategies to bring about emotional regulation and cognitive behavioral methods that involve changing irrational beliefs.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Benefits and Dis-benefits of Health Screening. The Contribution of Psychology in Health Screening. Health screening, according to Durojaiye, (2009), is a systematic application of a test or inquiry to identify individuals at risk of a specific health problem. This enables further investigation or direct preventive action, among individuals who have not sought medical attention on account of their symptoms of that problem. Screening is different to diagnosis as it is performed on people without symptoms; it does not provide a diagnosis but rather identifies individuals at increased risk for follow-up diagnostic testing.... [tags: Healthcare]
2309 words (6.6 pages)
- Health screening according to Durojaiye, (2009) is a systematic application of a test or inquiry, to identify individuals at sufficient risk of a specific health problem to warrant further investigation of direct preventive action, among persons who have not sough t medical attention on account of symptoms of that problem. According to this definition the main aim of screening program is to detect disease or risk factor, among the general population, in order to implement earlier preventive or therapeutic intervention because the highest benefit one can derive from a specific treatment is when the disease is less advanced (Rosemary Pope,1992).... [tags: Pro Con Essays]
1083 words (3.1 pages)
- Child is a gift from God. Every parent hopes for a healthy child. However, abnormalities in the fetus growth becoming common nowadays. These may be due to physical, radiation and chemical factors. These factors will cause deformities such as genetic mutation which causes mental retardation, abnormal body buildup and other conditions which bring a lot of troubles in the future to the child themselves and their parents. Modern technologies and innovations in the medical field had developed a method to detect the abnormality before delivery and prevent this future tragedy to happen.... [tags: Detect Diseases, Conditions, Babies]
1208 words (3.5 pages)
- Child is a gift from God. Every parent hopes for a healthy child. Abnormalities in the fetus growth have become common nowadays. These abnormalities may be due to physical, radiation and chemical factors. The most common factor is due to genetic mutation, which causes mental retardation, abnormal body buildup and other conditions, which bring a lot of troubles in the future to the child themselves and their parents. Modern technologies and innovations in the medical field had developed a method known as prenatal screening to detect the abnormality before birth and prevent this future tragedy to happen.... [tags: Pregnancy, Parenting, Testing]
1406 words (4 pages)
- INTRODUCTION Expecting parents are always so anxious and eager about their coming child, imagining how he or she might look like and above all, hoping that the baby will be healthy. Years back, couples went to consult the doctor only to get uncertain answers by prediction of genetic disorders through Mendelian inheritance (Kent 2008). As alternatives, doctors would also conduct invasive prenatal diagnosis (IPD) such as assessing amniotic fluid or fetal tissues for abnormalities. However, the alternatives mentioned raised questions about the risk of miscarriage (Newson 2008).... [tags: pros and cons]
2417 words (6.9 pages)
- The goal of genetic screening is to provide information for parents who have a high risk of having a child with a disability. These parents make decisions on issues, which include the management of genetic illnesses, conditions and procedures for conception and pregnancy termination. Genetic screening in terms of discovering that a woman is carrying a baby with a disability and the women has an option of carrying the pregnancy to term or terminating it, would bring up the issue of abortion. However, the issue is not terminating a pregnancy, the issue is, should these types of information be given to parents knowing that there is good chance the end result would be to have an abortion.... [tags: Genetics]
964 words (2.8 pages)
- ... The stigma would then be manifested as discriminating behaviors. A study that was held by Harapan et al (2013) found that the level of stigmatized and discriminatory attitudes was high even among health care workers in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. One of the common causes of this stigma is the irrational fear of HIV transmission (Harapan 2013, Hossain 2011, Hossain 2010, Li 2007). In the current voluntary and clinical testing setting, a person willing to test his HIV status must see many health care workers.... [tags: pros and cons, prevention programs]
1795 words (5.1 pages)
- One of the numerous misconceptions regarding restrictive housing and segregation is that it deters violence and attempts to correct misbehavior by inmates while preventing others. Administrators of correctional facilities still continues to utilize “threat to institutional security” as one of the predominant arguments for the placement of inmates in segregation. Even the numerous earliest correctional facilities in the united States that were built on a model of extended solitary confinement abandoned their practices in that it proved to be a further obstacle in rehabilitating offenders.... [tags: Prison, Psychology, Solitary confinement]
840 words (2.4 pages)
- In today’s world, people are learning a great deal in the rapidly growing and developing fields of science and technology. Almost each day, an individual can see or hear about new discoveries and advances in these fields of study. One science that is rapidly progressing is genetic testing; a valuable science that promotes prevention efforts for genetically susceptible people and provides new strategies for disease management. Unnaturally, and morally wrong, genetic testing is a controversial science that manipulates human ethics.... [tags: disease management, unnatural, morally wrong]
1221 words (3.5 pages)
- The Positive And Negative Effects of DNA Profiling Genetic engineering has developed and blossomed at a frightening rate in the last decade. Originating as merely an area of interest for scientists, genetic engineering has now become an area of which all people should be somewhat knowledgeable. DNA profiling has many uses, both positive and negative, in our society. Aside from its usefulness in many legal investigations, DNA profiling can be used in the workplace to discriminate against employees whose profiles could pose a financial risk.... [tags: Pro Con Essays]
2566 words (7.3 pages)