Essay on The Proponents And The Opponents Of The Disease Model Of Addiction

Essay on The Proponents And The Opponents Of The Disease Model Of Addiction

Length: 1672 words (4.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

For the past 200 years, the world has contemplated the question whether addiction is a medical disease, mental disorder, a behavioral condition, a voluntary choice, a moral misconduct or possibly a combination of all of these. None of these concepts alone provide comprehensive and exhaustive definition of substance abuse. Advances in addiction science, fear of wrongly pathologizing individuals without pathologies, the need for more effective treatment and even stronger desire to explore and understand the nature of addiction have fueled this debate, making it even more intense.
Our primary model describes addiction as a disease characterized by a set of signs and symptoms and a predictable prognosis if left untreated. However, this concept has been challenged by many professionals, including health care providers, psychiatrists, addiction counselors, addiction researchers, professor and teachers. As a result, a variety of models and theories of substance abuse have been proposed.
In this essay, I examine the views of the proponents and the opponents of the disease model of addiction. Additionally, I attempt to establish if substance use is a medial disorder.
The traditional model is rooted in the concept of an addiction as a disease, proposed in the late XVIII century by Benjamin Rush. The theory was later strengthened by Professor Elvin Jellinek, popularized by the philosophy of Alcoholics Anonymous, applied to The Minnesota Model, the dominant form of addiction treatment in the USA, and finally used by the American Society of Addiction Medicine to create a formal definition of an addiction (Meyer, 1996). According to ASAM, addiction is a primary, diagnosable, progressive, chronic and treatable disease that involve...

... middle of paper ...

...gic human condition that is subjected to all external and internal influences. It is a powerful and frightening experience that permeates one’s feeling, thinking and doing. It is very subjective, personal reality that incorporates individual’s history, biological uniqueness, emotional reactivity, personality, and environment.
Addiction does not fit one specific category because it occurs along a continuum of natural behavior. When certain experiences lead to repetition of this behavior, it eventually becomes habitual, compulsive and pathological. It does not need to be labeled as a ‘disease’, because, even though it is like a disease, is not a disease.
The cliché ‘more research is needed’ is a typical way to end such a discussion. Efforts to understand addiction should focus on the development of a truly comprehensive, integrative and synthesized theory.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Drug Addiction as a Disease

- Drug abuse and addiction are issues that affect people everywhere. However, these issues are usually treated as criminal activity rather than issues of public health. There is a conflict over whether addiction related to drug abuse is a disease or a choice. Addiction as a choice suggests that drug abusers are completely responsible for their actions, while addiction as a disease suggests that drug abusers need help in order to break their cycle of addiction. There is a lot of evidence that suggests that addiction is a disease, and should be treated rather than punished....   [tags: Drug Abuse, Addictions, Mental Disease, Rehab]

Better Essays
899 words (2.6 pages)

Proponent and Opponents of Globalization Essay examples

- Proponents and opponents of globalization Many negative and positive thoughts have been given to the process of globalization. The proponents of globalization rather see the benefits of globalization, while the opponents have based their opinions on the disadvantages of globalization. Proponents have a strong belief in free markets and limited governments intervention. According to Preble (2010), globalization has led to the creation of jobs, higher living standards and a higher variety of goods available to consumers....   [tags: trade, outsourcing, women]

Better Essays
1294 words (3.7 pages)

Drug Addiction Is A Disease Essay

- Drug addiction is a disease that is sweeping all across the United States of America as well as many different countries. Drug addiction is a disease that effect people from different backgrounds and races. Although drug abuse is considered as a disease, a lot of people do not classify drug addiction as a disease, however, I do. While there is more severe life threating diseases, drug addiction is still one disease that is responsible for one in four deaths in the world. According to a disease is an illness that affects a person, animal, or plant: a condition that prevents the body or mind from working normally....   [tags: Drug addiction, Drug abuse, Addiction, Brain]

Better Essays
1021 words (2.9 pages)

Opponents of Medicinal Marijuana Essay example

- Marijuana is one of the most talked about and controversial subjects in America today. Some say that it has medical advantages and should be legalized. While some say that it has a “high potential for abuse and addiction” and should not be allowed. Among the arguments, supporters of medical marijuana have given a strong argument for legalization through their use of research and evidence. Opponents of medicinal marijuana have given a few reasons for why it should not be made legal. One of the most argued points is that “Marijuana smoke contains known carcinogens (cancer-causing chemicals) and produces dependency in users”....   [tags: addiction, patients, DEA]

Better Essays
733 words (2.1 pages)

The Etiology of Addiction Disease Model Essay examples

- Addiction is like all behaviours “the business of the brain”. Addictions are compulsive physical and psychological needs from habit-forming sustenances like nicotine, alcohol, and drugs. Being occupied with or involved in such activities, leads a person who uses them again and again to become tolerant and dependent eventually experiencing withdrawal. (Molintas, 2006). Addictive drugs cause dopamine neurons to release dopamine, the pleasure hormone. The narcotics disable the neurons that would usually keep the dopamine neurons in check; becoming over stimulated....   [tags: Addiction Drugs]

Better Essays
1538 words (4.4 pages)

Essay about Is Addiction A Brain Disease?

- Is Addiction a Brain Disease. There is a debate as to whether addiction a brain disease or not. There are many different types of addictions, substance abuse and gambling being two. The major debate that arises most is that addiction is a voluntary activity, yet it turns into a compulsory involuntary behavior. However, most medical circles believe that addiction is a brain disease and even implies that this is based on genetics. And there are many methods that this is treated. In some cases, such as in the criminal justice system, addiction is treated with pharmaceutical medications....   [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Heroin, Psychology]

Better Essays
1279 words (3.7 pages)

Addiction Is A Brain Disease Essay

- Addiction Is a Brain Disease According to Leshner, drug addiction is a chronic brain disease that is expressed in the form of compulsive behaviors (Leshner, 2001). He believes that drug addiction is influence by both biological, and behavioral factors, and to solve this addiction problem we need to focus on these same factors. On the other hand, Neil Levy argues that addiction is not a brain disease rather it is a behavioral disorder embedded in social context (Levy, 2013). I believe, drug addiction is a recurring brain disease that can be healed when we alter and eliminate all the factors that are reinforcing drug addiction....   [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Psychoactive drug]

Better Essays
1019 words (2.9 pages)

The Drug Addiction As A Disease Essay

- Based on personal experience, as well as my understanding of the psychopharmacology of drug addiction, I agree with Dr. Kevin T. McCauly’s perspective of drug addiction as a disease. The neuroscience behind what occurs when a drug enters the system revolves around brain anatomy and brain chemistry. Just like mixing chemicals in a test tube and watching what sparks or smoke emanate, drug use—despite legality, origin, therapeutic use, or mechanism of action—is a science experiment we perform in our own bodies....   [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Nicotine, Dopamine]

Better Essays
1052 words (3 pages)

The Disease Of Drug Addiction Essay

- There is a problem in America that should be listed high in the list of diseases that is the disease of Drug addiction. It’s been said by professionals that ”Whether a person is genetically or bio-chemically predisposed to addiction or alcoholism is a controversy that has been debated for years within the scientific, medical, and chemical dependency communities.” (Smith, 2014) So many parents blame themselves, and sometimes it’s because they have displayed addictive behaviors to their children. Then if one of their children become addicted to drugs, although it is no one else’s fault but the person who started using they start to blame themselves....   [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Death, Morphine]

Better Essays
1667 words (4.8 pages)

Addiction Is A Complex Disease Essay

- Addiction is a complex disease because it affects individuals in different ways. This is most apparent when researching how it differs between the genders. Simply put, addiction impacts more men, but more severely impacts the lives of women. Why does this difference exists. There are several reasons, most of them biological, psychological, and cultural. Men Use Higher Amounts...But Develop Addiction More Slowly Multiple studies have confirmed the fact that men are more likely to experiment with drugs and to use them at a higher rate than women....   [tags: Addiction, Drug addiction, Alcoholism, Gender role]

Better Essays
983 words (2.8 pages)