Propaganda On The United States After The Bombing Of Pearl Harbor Essay

Propaganda On The United States After The Bombing Of Pearl Harbor Essay

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When discussing propaganda from World War Two one typically thinks of Nazi Germany. However, this wasn’t the only nation creating propaganda to get the public invested in the war effort. The propaganda produced by the United States after the bombing of Pearl Harbor primarily focuses on the Japanese and the Japanese focused on the United States. The one element in the propaganda on both sides of the Pacific Ocean is the sense of Othering the enemy. The main distinction between the two is how each country portrayed this idea.
The United States initiated an immigration policy that was severely biased against all nonwhites (Dower, 5). After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, the anti- “colored” biases were dramatically displayed as 110,000 Japanese-Americans were incarcerated (Dower, 5). This hatred of Japanese was occurring well before Pearl Harbor and were hated more than the Germans (Dower, 8). The Germans cultural and ethnically are very similar to those living in the United States which is why many believed there where “good Germans” (Dower, 8). But the Japanese were viewed ethnically and even as a species apart from the Western world (Dower, 8). Typically, depictions of Japanese troops in American periodicals and newspapers has them depicted as monkeys or with simian like features. The first image in Dower titled The Monkey Folk depicts five monkeys swinging from vines through a jungle while wearing helmets and machine guns slung to their sides. With a quotes from The Jungle Book captioning the images (Dower, 15). Other depictions are similar with “monkey-men” hanging in in trees even when the white powers in July 1941 were debating on who the Japanese were going to attack (Dower, 16). A depiction of this can be found in the second im...


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...mbiguous gods or demons whose powers could be either beneficent or destructive (Dower, 10).
The racial stereotyping and prejudice distorted the Japanese and Untied States ability to evaluate the enemy’s intention and capabilities (Dower, 11). This idea of dehumanizing and Othering allowed soldiers to distance themselves from the enemy allowing them to fight and kill without immediate guilt. This also takes part in the United States view of the Manifest Destiny in which during this time didn’t apply to simply to the continental United State but their colonial subject. While the Japanese had a similar view with Pan-Asian in which they would rule the Asian world. This desire to have control and resources as well as the lack of understanding for different cultures lead to bias that can see in the propaganda produced by the United States and Japan during World War Two.

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