Essay PreviewMore ↓
"I am going to send you what my Father promised; but stay in the city until you have been clothed with power from on high."
Since the Old Testament, the Spirit of God was promised to come to the people of God. The prophet Joel wrote: "And afterward, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your old men will dream dreams, your young men will see visions." (Joel 2:28 NIV) Nine hundred years later, the Spirit of the living God was poured upon His church in an event named Pentecost. The purpose of the following research is to show the Pentecost as a major point in the life of the apostles, as well as the beginning of the church of Christ.
Fifty days after Jesus was risen form the grave, in Jerusalem was taking place a celebration called the Feast of Weeks, time in which every Jewish male was required to appear at the sanctuary. This celebration, used to bring Jewish people from all around Asia and Europe to Jerusalem. It was about this time when the Pentecost took place (Grieb).
The eleven disciples were "all together in one place" waiting for the promise to come. Katherine Grieb tells us in her article Church on Fire that "Luke is careful to tell us that along with the 11 "apostles" he names, there were some women, including Mary the mother of Jesus, and also his brothers."(Grieb) After ten days waiting at the upper room without really knowing what to do, the promise came to the disciples. "It was attested by miraculous signs in the form of a rushing mighty wind, a tongue of fire which sat upon each of them, and the ability to speak ecstatic tongues in praise of God."(Ockenga 17) Arno Clemens in his book for seminaries and biblical institutes wrote: " He came not as a dove, but in the form of cloven tongues like as of fire. He came on the Lord in the shape of a dove, because He was not to make His voice heard in the streets. But His disciples were to give the testimony, the Word with power, which is like consuming fire."(33) Like mentioned before, by that time, Jerusalem had several visitants from different countries, who spoke different languages, and the testimony the disciples were supposed to give was magnified by the fact that this Galileans were speaking in languages these visitants could understand.
How to Cite this Page
"The Promise Of Pentecost." 123HelpMe.com. 12 Nov 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- There are many components to the liturgical year which make it very complex. Some of these components include special seasons, feasts, symbols, and colours which have to be attended to. The following paragraphs will discuss these ideas with more detail. Initially, there are many seasons in the liturgical year that all have an important significance attached with them (“Liturgical Calendar”, st-augustine-church.org). These seasons are Advent, Christmas, Ordinary Time, Lent, Triduum, and Easter (“Liturgical Calendar”, st-augustine-church.org).... [tags: pentecost, symbols, special seasons]
1394 words (4 pages)
- The provider of the promise delivers as agreed. And the “customer” acknowledges delivery. Craft promises carefully, and you enhance coordination and cooperation among colleagues. Equally valuable, your company builds the agility required to seize new business opportunities. Good promises share five qualities: They are public, active, voluntary, explicit, and mission based (Sull, Spinosa). As an effective leader, you know that you will only succeed, and the business objectives will only be accomplished, if your team is successful.... [tags: Good, Customer, Form of the Good, Promise]
894 words (2.6 pages)
- The Day of Pentecost, Holy Spirit and Beginnings of the Early Church Introduction What we consider as the church today started a long time ago. It all began with one man, whose name is Jesus that flipped the world upside its head with one simple message, love. Jesus was born into a poor family, mother whose name is Mary and father, Joseph, the towns carpenter. Jesus was on this Earth thirty years before his ministry started. When he preached he challenged the ideas of that which were held constant for years and through him emanated a physical manifestation of a presence so strong that it drew men unto him.... [tags: Holy Spirit, Christianity, Jesus, Glossolalia]
1440 words (4.1 pages)
- The Promise by Chaim Potok 1.In 10-12 sentences, write a brief outline of the plot of the novel. Be sure to make clear the major conflict of the story. 1.In the beginning of the novel, the main character, Reuben, is spending some time with his father at their cottage. His friend, Rachel is also vacationing nearby. Reuben finds out that Rachel's 14 year old cousin, Michael, is mentally ill, and Reuben seems to be the only person Michael will talk to. Near the end of the summer, Reuben's best friend Danny comes to visit Reuben and the Gordons (Rachel's family) invite Danny over to discuss Michael because Danny is a genius, and he is studying psychology.... [tags: Chaim Potok Promise Essays]
758 words (2.2 pages)
- "Promise" by Paul Lawrence Dunbar is filled with symbolism. The basic definition of the word "promise," the title of the poem, refers to something to be given, granted, or willingly kept for the future. Yet no promise is fulfilled. A study of the plot reveals there really was no promise or guarantee at all--only an assumption. The "gardener" in this poem symbolizes a lover who, only to satisfy his (or her) own selfish desires, nurtures and cares for another. The "rose" symbolizes a loved one, a loved one eventually lost because the lover tries to hold onto, earn, and force love.... [tags: Chaim Potok Promise Essays]
674 words (1.9 pages)
- As a Christian, one of the things we are called to do is to evangelize the lost. Our famous calling is found in Matthew 28: 18-20, where Christ tells his apostles to go and make disciples of all nations. This is a command, not a suggestion. Jesus tells us that it is our job to go out into the world and bring people to know Him. This is not something to take lightly. When we obey this command and we tell people about our faith and about who Jesus is and what He has done for us, then we will get the crucial question that we must be able to answer.... [tags: New Testament, Jesus, Christianity]
2107 words (6 pages)
- "Promise" is a poem about the time and love put into one rose. The rose then blossoms, and blooms, and grows more and more beautiful. But before the rose reaches its peak of beauty, it was picked. The conflict is that the rose wasn't seen at its most beautiful stage by the one who nurtured it. This rose can symbolize any one sacred thing to one's heart. The author of this poem, Paul Lawrence Dunbar uses irony of situations and satire in this particular poem. The red rose that was picked by the inconsiderate child portrays the feelings of parents losing their offspring before complete maturity.... [tags: Chaim Potok Promise Essays]
690 words (2 pages)
- A Promise Is A Promise The room was ridiculously cold and my skin was damp against the sheets. No matter how extreme the temperature, I am addicted to the calming lull of the air conditioner as I sleep. It’s what they call my “white noise.” The afternoon sun was playing peek-a-boo with the clouds as its rays snuck in through the blinds. The muscles in my neck and shoulders were throbbing. I was still trying to get used to my awkward dorm room bed. A muffled voice traveled through the paper-thin brick wall and the sound of familiar music took center stage in my dreams.... [tags: Personal Narrative Death Friendships Papers]
2479 words (7.1 pages)
- The Promise of Nanotechnology Nanotechnology is designing and building machines in which every atom and chemical bond is specified precisely (Hall 21). Products of nanotechnology are anything that is smaller than 100 nanometers. Nanotechnology is a broad term used for various parts of biomechanics. There are many promises of nanotechnology in the fields of environment, transportation and health. And this is just a small glimpse into the world of nanotechnology. But because nanotechnology is so broad and covers so many aspects of life, in this essay I will only discuss the promises in the health field.... [tags: Technology Nanotechnology ]
1128 words (3.2 pages)
- COVENANT AND PROMISE • BERITH = Hebrew word for covenant • Berith is found in the earliest records in the Bible and is fundamental to Hebrew religion. In Latin it is Testamentum. • The Old Testament and the New Testaments means the old and the new covenants. A covenant is a promise. • Chesed = Hebrew word for the attitude of loyalty and faithfulness which both parties should observe towards one another in a covenant relationship. • The covenant ‘chesed’ of God is so strong that it can never pass away.... [tags: essays research papers]
1342 words (3.8 pages)
Clemens writes, referring to the tongues: "It proclaimed outwardly the great fact that the Holy Spirit would make known the Gospel to all the nations under heaven, and though no Gentiles were present when all this took place, the languages of the Gentiles were heard and that from Jewish lips."(33-34) For the purpose of showing the transforming power of the Holy Spirit, the life of Peter will be analyzed, because like it was stated in the introductory part, Pentecost was a determinant point in the life of the Apostle. Harold Ockenga, Minister of Park Street Church in Boston, says that "Peter was a rough, sturdy, rugged, weather-beaten, labor-hardened and storm-ridden man."(27) He also was a fisherman, and by that time a fisherman was not an educated man, "yet Jesus saw the possibilities of his character."(Ockenga 27) But after following Jesus for almost three years, "Peter failed miserably. He became a typical backslider. His first big slip in his spiritual life was his failure to pray in the garden if Gethsemane within a short time he denied his Lord with curses and oaths and renounced his identity with Him" (Ockenga 29)
Consequently, Peter was an uneducated man who was capable of betraying his very own teacher. But then, the life of Peter took an astonishing twist; He was visited by the Spirit of the Most High God. After the noise and confusion caused by the tongues, Peter stood up before the crowd and explains to them what has just happened. Ockenga writes: "Peter's first sermon after Pentecost demonstrates his power as a preacher. He was doctrinally sound. Practically every doctrine of Christian theology is included in this first sermon given at Pentecost."(34) What is Minister Ockenga talking about? The fisherman betrayer was preaching with great eloquence and authority? It seems like Peter had something different.
Arno Clemens says: "In his bold testimony Peter, the erstwhile denier of Christ, manifests the power of the Holy Spirit. His inspired testimony shows what witness the Holy Spirit will bear through the believer, when He is unhindered."(34) Clemens adds: "Peter preached the Word and through the Word he preached the Person, the Work and the Glory of Christ."(34)
The first message from Peter was a blast. Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen, professor of theology at the University of Helsinki, says: " Pentecost is a dramatic work of the Spirit: Three thousand repent, and charismatic elements are visible."(31) Ockenga includes an interesting fact: "This sermon resulted in the conversion of 3,000 people, who continued in the apostles' doctrine and in prayer. They were note temporary conversions."(35)
Another important issue that marked the life of the Apostles specially Peter's, was that they were now able to do miracles like what they saw Jesus do. Minister Ockenga says: "In his position as an apostle, Peter had great power so that he performed miracles."(35) Acts 2:43 says: "Everyone was filled with awe, and many wonders and miraculous signs were done by the apostle. (NIV)" Minister Ockenga says: " Peter's actions subsequent to Pentecost were totally in contrast to what happened before Pentecost."(18)
Pentecost came to fulfill what was said by the prophets and Jesus. Similar to what the Baker Theological Dictionary says: "Here is the fulfillment and end of the old covenant and the beginning of the new. The Spirit who has spoken in past prophecy, including through Jesus, now makes himself available as a "gift" along with the forgiveness of sins to all who repent and obey."(Holy Spirit)
Having the promise completed in their hands, the Apostles were ready to begin their journey with the early church filled with the Holy Spirit. John Kavanaugh, commentator for the America journal, writes: " Pentecost unleashed a courageous power. Driven by wind and fire, the followers of Jesus were set loose upon the world to make bold proclamation."(Kavanaugh) Richard Gaffin, professor of New Testament and chairman at Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia, says: "Pentecost is no thing less than the establishment of the church as the new covenant people of God, as the body of Christ. The Spirit given at Pentecost constitutes the body of Christ as a dwelling place of God in the Spirit, as the temple of God in which the Spirit of God dwells."(21) As the Bible says in Acts 2:46-47: "Every day they continued to meet together in the temple courts. They broke bread in their homes and ate together with glad and sincere hearts, praising God and enjoying the favor of all the people. And the Lord added to their number daily those who were being saved. (NIV)" It is also important to notice that the church that began after Pentecost not only did it as an institution, but as a way of touching lives through the Gospel. Ferdinand Hahn writes in his Biblical theology book: "It was in Jerusalem that the miracle of Pentecost took place, and extremely successful missionary activity by the first Christians began at once. Peter was the leader of the Church and he was the most influential missionary."(48)
Pentecost made the disciples change from being listeners to be men of action. Suddenly, the uneducated fisherman who had betrayed his master was preaching with enough power to make thousands of people bow down before Jesus. Suddenly, the disciples knew what to do and how to manage a church with more than three thousand people in it. That is the kind of power the Holy Spirit brought. The power that made the life of Peter transformed in no time. The power that initiated an unbelievable movement called the Church of Christ. In addition, Pentecost was a major point in the life of the apostles, as well as a beginning for the church of Christ. Minister Ockenga confirms this when he writes: "When, in the power of Pentecost, the apostles preached, they witnessed the conversion of thousands. This occurred at Pentecost and again shortly afterwards. This is the secret of great Christian revival the manifestation of the work of the Holy Spirit "(24)
Clemens Gaebelein, Arno. The Holy Spirit in the New Testament. New York, N.Y.: Publication Office "Our Hope", 1928.
Gaffin, Richard B. Jr. Perspectives on Pentecost. Phillipsburg, New Jersey: Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company, 1979.
Grieb, Katherine. "The Church on Fire". Sojourners May 1999. ProQuest. .
Hahn, Ferdinand. Mission in the New Testament. Naperville, Ill.: Alec R. Allenson, Inc., 1963.
"Holy Spirit" Baker Theological Dictionary of the Bible. 1996.
Kavanaugh, John F. "Solidarity and courage". America Press May 14, 1994. ProQuest. .
Kärkkäinen, Veli-Matti. Pneumatology. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic, 2002.
Ockenga, Harold John. Power through Pentecost. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1959.