The classical social theorists generally saw an increase in the individuality of the social players during the transition from a traditional to a modern society. Durkheim formulated his idea of the individual around a concept which he called the “collective consciousness” (Durkheim 2012, 225). In traditional societies, characterized by mechanical solidarity, “the individ...
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...ime, such as feudalism and slavery, however these comparisons act to reveal the similarities and repetitions that have occurred throughout history (Marx 1848). Rather than Haraway comparing pre-modern society and modern society, she created a synthesis between the natural aspects of traditional society and the mechanical and technological aspects of modern society to create a cyborg (Haraway 1993). According to Haraway, “a cyborg is a cybernetic organism, a hybrid of machine and organism” that exists within the post-modern era (Haraway 1993, 597). When considering the post-modern era, it would on the surface seem helpful to use modern society as a foil, however recently post-modernity has “regarded as part of the modern” and therefore the modern foil might lack its effectiveness in explaining the idiosyncrasies of post-modernity (Featherstone 2008, 465).
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