Schizophrenia is a mental health disorder that disturbs the process of how one handles themselves. It affects how a person perceives sensations, and how the person acts. People living with schizophrenia are frequently very out of touch with reality. They experience hallucinations, delusional ideations, flight of ideas, paranoia and anxiety (Townsend, 2014). People are usually diagnosed with schizophrenia around the age of 16 to 30 years of age, in rare cases it also can be diagnosed in young children (nimh.nih.gov). The hallucinations, schizophrenics experience on a daily basis interferes with school, work, and their overall lives because they are unable to remain focus.
There are four phases to schizophrenics’ behaviors. According to the text (Townsend, 2014) “The pattern of development of schizophrenia may be viewed in four phases: the premorbid phase, the prodromal phase, the active psychotic phase (schizophrenia), and the residual phase”. These phases further broken down described the behavior they experience. The premorbid phase, the person becomes laid back, does not have many friends and expresses unsociable behaviors.
During the prodromal phase, which is the beginning of the psychotic symptoms. Is where they experience anxiety, impaired concentrations, and is socially withdrawn. The third phase is the active phase. This begins with the hallucinations, delusions, maladaptive coping, temper flares and impaired speech. The fourth and final phase is the residual phase. The symptoms are no longer active or not obvious. They may appear with flat expressions and may experiences episodes again (Townsend, 2014).
Schizophrenics’ avoids contact with other people. They may become distrusting of other individuals. Schizophrenics...
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...ce again, the cause of schizophrenia remains unknown. Nursing care for the patient and their family is to help build a professional and trusting relationship. We need to help educate the patient and family on the issues related to schizophrenia. As well as how to cope and be patient with the mental health disorder the person has, and how to treat the patient diagnosed with schizophrenia with dignity, and respect.
Townsend, M. C. (2014). Essentials of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing Concepts of Care in Evidence-Based Practice (Sixth Edition ed.). (J. C. Clay, Ed.) Philedelphia, Pennslyvannia, US: F.A Davis Company.
Townsend, M. C. (2001). Nursing Diagnoses in Psychiatric Nursing (fifith edition ed.). Philedelphia, Pennsylvannia, USA: F.A. Davis Company.
www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/schizophrenia/index.shtml. (22016, Febuary). Retrieved from NIMH.
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