Professional Journalism Essay

Professional Journalism Essay

Length: 898 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In the article, ‘The Professionalization of Journalism’ John C. Merrill addresses the issue of whether or not journalism should become a professionalized occupation. Merrill notes that although journalism is not presently considered to be a profession, many journalists perceive themselves as being professionals. The Oxford Shorter Dictionary defines ‘profession’ as “Occupation which one professes to be skilled in and to follow. . . .A vocation in which professed knowledge of some branch of learning is used in its application to the affairs of others, or in the practice of an art based upon it.” Merrill outlines several advantages those within a professionalized occupation benefit from including an elite image, a level of regulation and standardization of the activities performed by individuals within that profession, and greater financial rewards. Throughout this article, Merrill considers many of the defining elements of a profession and considers whether it is appropriate for journalism to be included among professionalized occupations. In order to determine whether journalism should become professionalized, it is crucial to understand what the term professionalized entails. Merrill takes into account several definitions and criterion of what characteristics are required for an occupation to be considered professional, as well as the benefits and restrictions associated with the title.

One definition considered by Merrill in this article is that presented by sociologist William Goode, who states that being a professionalized occupation means belonging to a homogenous community in which members feel a sense of shared identity and common values. Merrill notes that journalists exercise a high level of occupational freed...


... middle of paper ...


...iteria limiting who can express themselves with the written word and who cannot. It would be next to impossible to give exclusive rights to some individuals to practice journalism which is another characteristic Merrill attributes to professions. The final professional attribute Merrill considers with respect to journalism, is the idea of a homogenous community presented by sociologist William Goode. Merrill notes that journalists do not compromise this idea of a homogenous community as they do not have a common self-identification or a clear vision of the role they are to play in society.

Merrill argues also that there are many elements of journalism that would be lost if it were to be professionalized such as journalists freedom of expression. The professionalization of journalism would narrow this creative occupation and limit many of its defining aspects.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Dangers in the Job: Professional Journalism in Conflict Areas Essay

- ... Experienced journalists carry the responsibility to tell the truth about what is happening in the world. New technology, such as social media, along with the classic cellular device, has made citizen journalism more available to people all around the world. Due to the accessibility of these tools, the general public can often report breaking news more quickly than traditional media reporters. Unfortunately, even experienced reporters can't always be there at the crucial time when something unexpected happens....   [tags: reporters without borders]

Better Essays
760 words (2.2 pages)

Communication Careers in Journalism Essay example

- In the world of communication, media and varying communication fields are intricately bound together to work collectively and mutually towards the final masterpiece. In the hectic and forever developing field of journalism, communications careers such as writers, advertisers, editors, bloggers, and photographers, constantly intercross and work jointly to convey the full beauty news has to offer. Together, and through the use of numerous media forms, they maintain the equilibrium and standard success the field offers....   [tags: Journalism]

Better Essays
648 words (1.9 pages)

Good Journalism Versus Bad Journalism Essay

- Methods The research for this paper was obtained from scholarly articles, modern journalistic articles, and statistics. Modern journalistic articles provided works to analyze to find examples of good journalism versus bad journalism. Scholarly articles will provide other opinions on what is contributing to the decline in public trust and opinion of media. Finally, statistics gave context and support for the claims that journalism is declining as well as more specific findings. Analysis Media Bias First, one of the most frequently cited reasons that Americans distrust or dislike the media is bias, the partial or prejudiced reporting of a story (Dugger)....   [tags: Mass media, Journalism, Journalist]

Better Essays
861 words (2.5 pages)

Alternative Journalism And Mainstream Journalism Essays

- Alternative Journalism threatens to disrupt the normative structures that mainstream journalism has created in which many news agencies follow. What can be described as Alternative journalism is anything that provides information that challenges the mainstream flow. It challenges the Mainstream news by hoping to play a balanced and unbiased role within the industry by showing stories which do not get shown within mainstream news. Alternative journalism has also become a voice for groups within society that have become under represented which can vary from indigenous groups to different forms of subcultures....   [tags: Mass media, News media, Mainstream, Journalism]

Better Essays
1862 words (5.3 pages)

Is Journalism a Profession? Essays

- INTRODUCTION "Society demands that the men who minister to its health be in the highest sense of the word professional men − professionally trained, professional in their ethics, professionally responsible. Society demands professional training and professional conduct of the men who minister to its needs in legal matters. The fact that society demands less of the men who minister through news to its knowledge and attitudes is one of the great and dangerous inconsistencies that give shape to the twentieth century (Schramm, 1947, p....   [tags: Journalism Debate]

Better Essays
2831 words (8.1 pages)

Brand Journalism And Its Impact On Journalism Essay

- Journalism involves researching, reporting, collecting, writing, editing, and spreading news for the worldwide audiences. But is brand journalism the same as journalism. Absolutely. From what we see everyday, political journalism is journalism, sport journalism is also considered journalism, blogs about local or international issues are journalism, even face book or Twitter posts are also journalism. Brand journalism is a company investing in content and becoming a provider of news. It is more, much more, than a series of press releases and product launches (LEWIS, 2012)....   [tags: Mass media, Journalism, Advertising]

Better Essays
1614 words (4.6 pages)

What Are The Risk And Opportunities Of Citizen Journalism? Essay

- What are the risk and opportunities of citizen journalism. Introduction: The political domain is another area where social media is creating both opportunities and risk for society. The only way to access to news are used to be through mainstream media such as television, newspaper and radio in the old days. But that condition has changed by the internet age. The Traditional journalism is facing a tough time because of the 'social media ' became the most used source, mainstream media becoming less important because internet has it all....   [tags: Mass media, Journalism, Citizen journalism]

Better Essays
974 words (2.8 pages)

The Challenges Of Online Journalism Essay

- The challenges of online journalism in China Angelo Agostini, the illustrator, journalist and founder of several publications, once said: “The Internet is creating big changes in the field of journalism. Hoping to appeal to a youthful public which is fast abandoning the printed word, the world’s leading newspapers are creating a presence for themselves on the Net, and making imaginative efforts to transform the whole business of providing news and information.” Nowadays, the increasing popularity of internet has brought not only a revolution in every walk of life, but also represents a sequence of challenges, especially in in our daily practice of journalism....   [tags: Journalism, Mass media, Newspaper, NEWS]

Better Essays
1182 words (3.4 pages)

Common Indicators For Good Journalism Essay

- Kovach and Rosenstiel (2007) outline several common indicators for good journalism in their book The Elements of Journalism. The first of which is the truth. In order for the public to be able to make a good decision regarding any given topic, the journalist must put forth reliable and accurate facts. The process of “journalistic truth” starts with professional discipline of gathering and verification of facts (Kovach et al., 2007). Then a good journalist will attempt to convey this fair and reliable account of their meaning which would also be subject to future investigating....   [tags: Journalism, Newspaper, Mass media, Bias]

Better Essays
759 words (2.2 pages)

The Disadvantages Of Professional News Essay

- Like citizen journalists, there are both advantages and disadvantages of professional journalists’. The disadvantages of professional news will be presented. For example, if we refer to “Free for All” a book, the author says that “the challenge for newspaper facing a future dominated by the Web has been that it was [insufficient] to transplant content, [associations], and business models from old media to new.” Previously, writers working in newsrooms delivered news coverage, and people in general needed to pay to acquire the paper (King ix)....   [tags: Journalism, Mass media, Journalist, Reporter]

Better Essays
926 words (2.6 pages)