Firstly, the fiber is harvested from timberland. In general, harvesting during the dormancy yields the most papermaking fiber. The collection of fiber supply originates from three main sources of plant fiber used in papermaking: wood chips, sawdust and old corrugated containers. During this stage, paper industry converts cellulose fiber into pulps. About 95% of fiber is extracted from the wood which is then reduced to fiber by mechanical means, the balance are from waste paper and a small quantity of sawdust and old corrugated containers which are required to process to obtain individual fiber for papermaking (Minnes, 2013).
The second step in papermaking is kraft pulping. The production of chemical pulp is predominated for kr...
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.... (1993). Essentials of pulping and papermaking. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Bajpai, P. (2011). Environmentally friendly production of pulp and paper. NJ, USA: John Wiley & Sons.
Froass, P. M., Ragauskas, A. J., & Jiang, J. (2008). Chemical structure of residual lignin from kraft pulp. Journal of Wood Chemical and Technology, 16(4), 347-365.
Gierer, J. (1980). Chemical aspects of kraft pulping. Journal of Wood Science and Technology, 14(4), 241-266.
Minnes, G. (2013). Pulp and paper industry. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/pulp-and-paper-industry/
Paper Academy (n.d.). Stock preparation overview. Retrieved from http://www.paperacademy.net/827/paper-papermaking-stock-preparation/paper-stock-preparation/
Rahman, A. A. (2003). The full paper making process. Retrieved from
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