Criminal law provides substantive and procedural rules, both governing the criminal justice system’s operations. Substantive rules prohibit certain behaviors and define crime as well as establishing penalties and their parameter. Procedural rules, on the other hand, controls the enforcement of substantive law, determines guilt and the punishment to be imposed to the guilty. This paper explores criminal trial and the procedural steps in a criminal trial.
According to John (2010, p.16), there are basic procedural steps that are common to all prosecutions in a crime although some differ greatly among jurisdictions. Agencies enforcing law, arrests, cross-examine persons in custody and then conducts searches and seizures in every jurisdiction. This is followed by formal notification of the accused, the charges facing them and an opportunity is g...
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...010, p.713). The major include capital punishment, that is, a sentence to death, and corporal, which, inflicts to ones body, pain or injury. Cruel and unusual one provides for a physical beating as well as torture to a prisoner (John, 2010).
Crimes such as assaultive, sexual as well detention formed a stable base used to prosecute people whose behaviors offended basic norms of a society over the centuries. To cope with cultural needs of a society that is dynamic, law must be changed and enforced. There should also be fair administration of justice and processes that are orderly. To achieve this, honesty and integrity of authority occupants is a requirement. To maintain security and usefulness of law, confinement of the offenders must be ensured by the society.
John M. S. Criminal Law and Procedure, (2010). Cengage Learning. Belmont, USA.
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