The problem with free will according to Inwagen is a simple embarrassing one amongst philosophers. Bassically the presentation in any given argument is embeded with loose definitions and incoherent ideas. the root of the problem lies with in defining what freewill actually is since authors speaking on the matter have different terms for free will. these terms are things such as compatibilist free will and libertarian free will are sources of great confusion for the audience reading an author 's position on the matter.The problem here is elementary, in trying to deliver a point and convince an audience, it is simply the presenters responsibility to give clear definitions. This means that any ambiguous phrases with in the argument must be identified and translated for coherence.
Inwagen proposes a unifying definition for free will where x on some occasions is able to do otherwise. He suggests that libertarian free will may not exist and is therefore pointless to refer to in making any point about free will. Also one should be careful when defining freewill not to say that x could have done otherwise since the phrase could have done has a property of ambiguity, it should be avoided. Instead refer to his definition of x is able to do otherwise on some occasions since the phrase able entails that the act of doing otherwise is within the power of x.In other words clearing the haze in the free will argument lingers around the words could have and able to coupled along with having one type of free will. lets break it down, The compatibilist have what they call compatibilist free will and the librarians have what they call libertarian free will. this simply means that either they are talking about to different things or the same thing....
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...d mix-matches things and events observed. simply by thinking, imagination allows for freedom to relate these events. maybe after extensive thinking, a decision may be made and as intervention says, perhaps you are apart of the decision since the decision comes from your mind, and your mind is your only true identity (refer to descartes idea of self). free will may be a mutation of the mind considering that “nothing else in the universe has free will”.
In conclusion Inwagen is right about the points he has made aside from assuming that determinism and free will are not compatible. Instead he has boxed himself in a closed mind in thinking the two are separate, when in nature things seemingly unrelated always are found to work together after taking a closer look at things.Finally free will might very well be a product of evolution and the endless possibilities of life.
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