We can all agree that an important goal of the American criminal justice system is rehabilitation. It expects that most, if not all, offenders to learn from his or her wrongdoing and become productive members of society (Ballenstedt, 2008). It is this thinking at the heart of a community-based initiative that is designed to bring law enforcement officials together to form a single concerted effort to identify and address patterns of crime, mitigate the underlying conditions that fuel crime, and engage the community as an active partner (Wolf, Prinicples of Problem-Solving Justice, 2007).
It was this effort that identified the problem as failures of the judicial process. These failures included sluggish courts, increased levels of recidivism, and a significant loss of public trust (Ballenstedt, 2008). To solve the problem, the program takes a multifaceted approach to punishment in non-violent cases. Through the program, justices have more options available to them when sentencing such offenses as drug possession, prostitution, or even shoplifting. The concept combines social services with punishment in order to reduce reliance on expensive and ineffective short-term jail sentences for non-violent offenders and boost the community’s confidence in the system (Ballenstedt, 2008).
This concept, however, is not new. Problem-solving justice programs can trace their roots to several innovations in policing including community and problem-oriented policing. This was the basis for replacing law enforcement’s traditional role of responding, identifying patterns of crime, mitigating the underlying conditions, and engaging the community (Wolf, Prinicples of Problem-Solving Justice, 2007). New p...
... middle of paper ...
Today, states are at various stages of attempting to coordinate problem-solving courts. These courts are often complex, involve new partnerships, new roles, and of course new players both in and outside the courthouse. It is important to understand that each problem-solving court will be shaped by local circumstances. As such, problem-solving justice remains as much an uncharted territory today as when it was first introduced.
Ballenstedt, B. (2008, May 1). :FEATURES: :Imperfect Justice (5/1/08) -- GovExec.com. Retrieved August 1, 2010, from Government Executive.com: http://www.govexec.com/features/0508-01/0508-01s3.htm
Wolf, R. (2009). A New Way of Doing Business. Bureau of Justice Assistance, Center for Court Innovation.
Wolf, R. (2007). Prinicples of Problem-Solving Justice. Bureau of Justice Assistance, Center for Court Innovation.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Criminal Justice System in the United States of America was established with noble intentions. The basis of the system can be traced back from the first book of the Bible Genesis, and the story of Cain and Able. The criminal justice system was established to be morally suitable for a growing diverse society. Moral dilemmas within the system arise from concerns related to principles of officials’ right and wrong behavior. These principles are often embedded into a culture of the human character, in other words, viewed as essential to the criminal justice system.... [tags: Criminal Justice ]
1646 words (4.7 pages)
- Environmental Education at Mercyhurst University Mercyhurst University is a private Liberal Arts institution located in Erie, Pennsylvania. The university has a historically incorporated environmental education as a part of both the science and liberal arts curriculum and as a part of the concentrated efforts to serve the greater Erie community. Mercyhurst sustains a land reserve in Asbury Woods Park in Millcreek Township which serves as an environmental laboratory for hands on learning and environmental problem solving.... [tags: Recycling, Waste, Problem solving]
1087 words (3.1 pages)
- Community Policing Community policing is the philosophy that promotes strategies that support the use of partnerships and problem- solving techniques that are proactively address conditions to rise public safety issues like fear of crime, social disorder, and crime. There are three components to community policing, they are community partnerships, organizational transformation, and problem solving. The four elements of community policing are community involvement, problem solving, a community base, and redefined goals for the police.... [tags: Crime, Police, Criminology, Problem solving]
1117 words (3.2 pages)
- The problem of over populated prisons and other types of penitentiaries has caused the criminal justice system to be overburdened. Individuals, who violated the law, were given sentences, sent to prison, and served their time. During this time, they were not offered any means or services that might help them to reform and not repeat the crimes that were the cause of their incarceration initially. Research has shown that incarceration alone may not be a solution to the incidence of crime resulting in jail time.... [tags: Prison, Drug addiction, Crime, Recidivism]
1372 words (3.9 pages)
- Crime destroys the very fabric of a civilized society. It stops the growth of a country and creates fear among its citizens. Though crime is inevitable in any society, yet it has to be kept at minimum level. But same in not true in India where crime rate is consistently rising. An ordinary citizen is fearful not only of stepping outside their home but they are not safe in their home too. Numerous factors can be cited to explain India’s rising crime graph. Firstly, our law and enforcement mechanisms are not up to date.... [tags: Crime, Police, Criminal justice, Law]
996 words (2.8 pages)
- In community policing, officers need to work with citizens to put a clamp on crime. In the past officers have tried to solve all the community issues on their own (Ortmeier, 2006). However, it came to be that officers who are essential to the citizens, was also vice versa. With community policing, it focuses on relationships of trust, with cooperation between both. The theme of community policing is that the law enforcement can be more attentive, proactive, and community sensitive (Greene, 2000).... [tags: Police, Problem solving, Crime, Crime prevention]
1023 words (2.9 pages)
- Every day in America crimes occur. While the justice system may never understand the absolute root cause, I believe one root cause worthy of examination is broken families. Over the years the number of broken families in America has increased and thus crime has increased. DHS programs are already hard at work in the state of Colorado to serve families in the community. Not only does the DHS work to ensure children are living in a safe environment but they also work to make sure that environment is with their parents.... [tags: Police, Sheriff, Constable, Coroner]
972 words (2.8 pages)
- Background People of all backgrounds face problems they need to solve on a day-to-day basis. These problems vary from elementary school homework problems to problems in the work place. The concept of problem solving varies depending on the amount of steps necessary to solve the problem, the strategies to solve the problem, and the context in which the problem takes place. With that being said, problem solving is a complex phenomenon that occurs in all fields of study. Problem solving ability and performance are major factors that influence students’ success in mathematics (NCTM, 2000; Schoenfeld, 2007), especially during middle school, a critical time for math learning given the status of Al... [tags: Problem solving, Mathematics]
1298 words (3.7 pages)
- People of all backgrounds face problems they need to solve on a day-to-day basis. These problems vary from elementary school homework problems to problems in the work place. On that premise, the concept of problem solving varies depending on the amount of steps necessary to solve the problem, the strategies to solve the problem, and the context in which the problem takes place. Due to the wide range of problems people face and the variety of problem solving environments, problem solving is a complex phenomenon that occurs in all fields of study.... [tags: Problem solving, Mathematics]
1049 words (3 pages)
- Problems in our lives, big or small, often have a variety of solutions. Yet, finding the best solution comes from understanding the problem. As Informatics Problem Solving lecture noted, the process of building a solution comes from a series of general steps: gathering data, analyzing that data, formulating a solution, and implementing that solution. With that, it is very important to dismiss solutions that come from “common problem solving mistakes”. For example, one common mistake is jumping hastily to a solution (Onesti 2016, Problem Solving [PowerPoint slide 45]).... [tags: Problem solving, Problem, Wicked problem]
719 words (2.1 pages)