There is a growing body of research into how a learner’s (human or machine) goals can greatly influence the learning process. Study has taken place in fields such as cognitive science, psychology, education and, of most interest to us, artificial intelligence. Prior to the interest in goal-driven learning, most studies in this field focused on providing estimated functions based on limited inputs and outputs, without concern for the learning goal.
The underlying principal of the goal-based methodology is that learning is, for the most part, a strategic and active attempt on the part of the learner to identify and solve a particular problem or set of problems within the context of the tasks, goals, prior knowledge or expertise available locally as well as opportunities provided by the problem-space for learning. The learning process should be guided by good decision making in regards to what information is needed to achieve a particular goal-state because the value of what is learned is dependent on what impact that learning has on achieving a goal.
In a person, a goal can be directly linked to their ambition or determination to achieve some end. A goal is a desired outcome. A machine can seem determined because it will persevere with a task until it is finished but this is an illusion and a machine can’t desire anything. Another aspect of a goal is that it must be a tangible outcome; you must be able to describe the desired finishing state or else how would you know if you had achieved it?
We can then say that for a machine to have a goal it must have two fundamental things; a description of what the end state should be and the ability to persist until it reaches this state...
... middle of paper ...
...ts in the pursuit of their sub-goals which in turn contributed to a successful overall outcome. By breaking any problem into sub-goals where each agent can be allowed to develop the best possible individual relationships locally but with a purview that each sub-goal group must contribute to the global end-goal, we can create a system which benefits from both goal schemes. This creates a more robust machine that is also adaptable to new situations.
cyberneticzoo.com, (2009). 1951 - SNARC Maze Solver - Minsky / Edmonds (American) - cyberneticzoo.com. [online] Available at: http://cyberneticzoo.com/mazesolvers/1951-maze-solver-minsky-edmonds-american/ [Accessed 18 Apr. 2014].
Minsky, M. (1988). The society of mind. 1st ed. New York: Simon & Schuster, inc.
Ram, A. and Leake, D. (1995). Goal-driven learning. 1st ed. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Talents Unlimited Model The Talents Unlimited Model (TU) was founded on the belief that all students, whether gifted identified or not, should receive enrichment services focused on fostering critical thinking skills. With a strong emphasis on teacher training, the Talents Unlimited Model stresses the importance of designing lessons that utilize the six talent areas: productive thinking. decision making, planning, forecasting, communication, and academic (Schlichter, 2009, p. 436). Criterion 1: Respect for individuals with diverse abilities, strengths, and goals (FULLY MET) The Talents Unlimited Model was created under the philosophy that all students, both those identified as gifted and tho... [tags: Problem solving, Critical thinking]
1013 words (2.9 pages)
- Environmental Education at Mercyhurst University Mercyhurst University is a private Liberal Arts institution located in Erie, Pennsylvania. The university has a historically incorporated environmental education as a part of both the science and liberal arts curriculum and as a part of the concentrated efforts to serve the greater Erie community. Mercyhurst sustains a land reserve in Asbury Woods Park in Millcreek Township which serves as an environmental laboratory for hands on learning and environmental problem solving.... [tags: Recycling, Waste, Problem solving]
1087 words (3.1 pages)
- My fascination with machines, automobiles, science and mathematics laid the foundation for me to enter the field of engineering. My undergraduate study in mechanical engineering has been an all-round experience wherein I have achieved excellent grades, undertaken interesting projects, participated in various extra-curricular activities and served as an intern in a manufacturing firm. I undertook a two-months Vocational Training at Thapar University, India learning about various manufacturing processes like machining, welding, casting and shaping.... [tags: Management, Problem solving]
795 words (2.3 pages)
- Economic missteps of various forms have pushed the United States and the entire world into one of the worst recessions in history. One symptom of that recession has been an onslaught of home foreclosures, the problem that this essay will address. There is no question that these foreclosures are detrimental to the health of the overall economy, but solving the problem solicits a variety of opinions. In the October 2009 COP report, An Assessment of Foreclosure Mitigation Efforts After Six Months , it is shown that the cause of home foreclosures has changed somewhat since their initial report in March.... [tags: Foreclosures, ]
1510 words (4.3 pages)
- Self-concept has many definitions but they all have the same meaning, which is, your perception of your own self and of your own abilities. Self concept is anperson ’s physical and psychological traits, their assets and liabilities, possibilities and limitations and strengths and weaknesses. Therefore, it is a first built upon beliefs but it is ultimate created through fortification of those belief by the action that we choose to take or not. Our self concept determines how we are going to live our lives.... [tags: Business Management]
1144 words (3.3 pages)
- Using Challenge Driven Innovation to Optimise New Product Development The era of ‘know it all’ management in creating solutions to problems affecting different sectors of the economy is long gone. Most innovative firms are turning to Cloudsourcing and open innovation to churn out new technologies to the market. These sectors range from the energy, agriculture, reduction of carbon gas emissions to Information Technology among others. Firms have realised that there is a better pool of innovative ideas out there that is cheaper, effective and workable than internal product development procedures.... [tags: cloudsourcing, crowdvoting]
619 words (1.8 pages)
- System Analysis and System Requirements Object Modeling, Process Modeling, and Strategies for System Analysis and Problem Solving April 6, 2005 Object Modeling A class can be described as a collection of objects of similar type. These objects often share the same attributes, operations, methods, relationships, and semantics. Additionally, once a class is defined any number of objects can be created and associated to that class. For example, beagles and boxers represent different breeds (i.e. instances) of "dogs" which also can be viewed as a distinct class.... [tags: System Analysis Design]
1094 words (3.1 pages)
- With student learning and achievement as the ultimate goal of the Florida Department of Education, having an effective and productive instructional leader, or principal is a must for every public school. Student learning must be the priority, and it is up to an instructional leader who creates a vision and school climate that promotes faculty engagement and strives to close the achievement gap among the students, to get the job done. After completing the Data-Driven Decisions Using Standardized Student Achievement Data course, a method I learned to accomplish this important task is to initiate an “ongoing cycle of making choices and taking action based on multiple sources of data and frequen... [tags: High school, Education, Teacher, Decision making]
1252 words (3.6 pages)
- Statement of Purpose "The best way to predict future is to create it"- Peter Drucker. I strongly believe in this statement that taking action now can help you shape the life you want to live. I’m a firm believer that you can determine your own destiny if you make your own future. After scrutinizing my interests, past trainings and final ambition, I have realized that a masters degree in Business & Information System will help me to achieve my future career goal in Information Systems. My proclivity is more specifically towards Business Analytics and data science.... [tags: Management, Supply chain management, Logistics]
855 words (2.4 pages)
- A Reflection: Innovation in Nursing Innovation can be defined as a process for inventing something new or improving on an idea that already exists. In the past weeks, the course on Innovation in Nursing has motivated nurses to be strong critical thinkers, evidence-based practitioners, and innovative leaders in their specialty of practice and education. The following paragraphs will briefly discuss and elaborate on the eight learning outcomes listed in the syllabus. Innovation is defined as generation of new ideas or application of new ideas to existing situations to improve productivity, quality of care, and outcomes.... [tags: Health care, Nursing, Problem solving, Medicine]
1076 words (3.1 pages)