There are many theories regarding addiction. The Institute on Drug Abuse has their list of theories such as “the bad habit” and “the CAP theory (cognitive-affective pharmacogenic)” (n.d.). Hari, an author for the Huffington Post, writes about the Rat Park experiment in which a scientist put rats into “condos” in a nice cage filled with toys, and was offered a water bottle mixed with cocaine. He discovered that the rats living with each other tasted the water but didn’t become addicted (2015). This paper will focus on the theories Mosher and Akins wrote about in Chapter 2 of Drugs and Drug Policy 2nd edition. The first is the nature theories, with focus on the desire of drug use is an innate and “universal” drive in humans, just like hunger and sex (Mosher & Akins, 2014). The second is the biological theories, which focus on the belief that addicts have an inherited predisposition (Mosher & Akins, 2014). The third is the disease theories, with focus on addiction of drugs and alcohol to be viewed as a medical illness. The fourth is the psychological theories, which focus on reinforcement and punishment primarily (Mosher & Akins, 2014). The last is the sociological theories, with a focus on the social structure and how the addict affects it.
Mosher and Akins wrote that these theories are not correct or acceptable, fo...
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...e observe addictive behaviors such as drinking or drug use, we, as humans, may want to copy their actions (Horvath, Misra, Epner, & Morgan Cooper, 2015). With this theory, the psychological and sociological effects come into play, with the reinforcement and punishment, or operant conditioning. An example given by Mosher and Akins is as follows; someone who is smoking marijuana may get reinforcement by their friends while the effects of the drug is negative (2014).
Regardless of the theory you follow and believe in, addiction is an extremely important topic. There needs to be a unified solution to helping addicts overcome their addictions. These theories all explain why addiction is so hard to overcome and why someone would begin to use the drug to begin with. Without explanation, there would be major obstacles that would interfere with rehabilitation.
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