Down syndrome is caused by an extra chromosome. Typically, a healthy human has 46 total chromosomes. The number of chromosomes is different for someone who has down syndrome. A person born with down syndrome has a total of 47 chromosomes. The extra chromosome changes the way the body and brain function. The chromosome is copied three times instead of two time. The chromosome is called Trisomy 21. During conception, the pair of the twenty-first chromosomes in either the egg or sperm fail to separate resulting in an extra chromosome.
As a woman grows older her chances for conceiving a baby with down syndrome are greater. The reason for a woman being at great risk is because as a she ages, older eggs have a higher chance of wrongful chromosome separation. The risk of a twenty-year-old mother having a child with down syndrome is one in 700 births. The risk for having a child with down syndrome at age forty-...
... middle of paper ...
...ed out. I wasn’t going to have a “normal” little sister. It turns out that my sister has brought so much light to world. I am very blessed to call Kathleen my sister. She opened my eyes to a medical condition that I was completely blind to. I thank God every day that she is a part of my life. I wouldn’t want her to be any other way.”
In conclusion, down syndrome is a lifelong medical condition. The condition has harsh lifelong medical conditions associated with it. The people who are diagnosed with the condition are incurable, but they’re able to live a long healthy life. Especially in Jane’s case, she was blessed with an amazing sister who has just one extra chromosome. The next time someone says the word “retard”, they should be ashamed of themselves. The person should educate themselves on what the condition is and never put someone down in that way.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- It’s a typical eighty-degree beautiful summer’s day in Illinois. With that being said, nothing is better than cruising with the windows down and the music blasted. As one is cruising down the road, Iggy Azalea’s song Fancy (2014) happens to come on the radio. Without second thought, this person may catch them self rapping along, “…and my flow retarded, they speak it depart it.” There are no ways of escaping the word “retard” in our every day life. Some may not even realize that they’re rapping about a lifelong medical condition mental retardation, which is more commonly known as down syndrome.... [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosome, Medical test, Cancer]
1315 words (3.8 pages)
- The purpose of this paper is to understand the importance of Down syndrome, identify the characteristics, identify the populations at risk, testing methods, the prevalence and the epidemiology of down syndrome and to discuss the abortion debate that is closely related to this condition. This topic is of interest to me because I work with this population on a daily basis as an occupational therapy assistant. Down syndrome, also known as trisomy 21, is defined as a chromosomal disorder that is associated with intellectual disability.... [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosomal translocation]
1140 words (3.3 pages)
- Disability: Any disease or problem that goes uneducated by people all over the world, especially in the United States. A disability is something that almost everyone has heard of but doesn’t know about in depth. “More than 600 million persons, 10 per cent of the world’s population, have a disability” (Pineda). You will see and hear of people that have a disability and use words that shouldn’t be used. A common connotation when you hear about people with a disability, is that those human beings are “mentally retarded”, “retarded”, or “special ed” but they are completely the opposite.... [tags: Disability, Down syndrome, Wheelchair]
2475 words (7.1 pages)
- For ages, Down Syndrome has been alluded to in art, literature and science. Now, down syndrome is the most common chromosomal condition diagnosed in the united states. According to the CDC each year about 6,000 babies are born with Down Syndrome that results in about 1 out of every 700 children are now being born with Down Syndrome. In 1866 the British Physician John Langdon Down, for whom the syndrome is now named after was the first to define and describe Down Syndrome as “Monogolism”. It however took up until the early 1970’s to actually for the term Down Syndrome to be widely accepted in the medical community.... [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosome]
1329 words (3.8 pages)
- Introduction: In today’s society many Americans strive towards becoming healthier according to news released by the United States Department of Agriculture, “American adults are eating better, making better use of available nutrition information, and consuming fewer calories coming from fat and saturated fat, consuming less cholesterol and eating more fiber” (“American Adults are Choosing Healthier Foods”). However, there are numerous health issues that affect many people in the world today. Many people are living their lives with disabilities that affect them not only physically, but also mentally, emotionally and spiritually.... [tags: Disability, Down syndrome]
1850 words (5.3 pages)
- Down syndrome: A Genetic disorder Each year in the United States, about 13 out of every 10,000 babies are born with Down syndrome, also called trisomy 21 (Johnson). Being the “most common chromosome disorder and genetic cause of intellectual disability”, Down syndrome equally affects males and females as well as all different races (Johnson). In other words, Down syndrome does not show any preference for a specific gender or race. Unfortunately, those who are affected by Down syndrome experience a number of problems throughout their lives which limit their quality of life and health.... [tags: trisomy 21, chromosome disorder]
972 words (2.8 pages)
- Down Syndrome in Children Down syndrome is one of the most common and easily recognized genetic disorders. It is caused by abnormal cell division that involves the 21st chromosome pair of the 23 pairs of chromosome found in all normal human cells. There are three types of these abnormalities, which are non-disjunction, translocation, and mosaicism. Ninety five percent of children born with Down syndrome are a non-disjunction type which is three rather than two chromosome 21s. About three to four percent of cases are because of translocation which is chromosome 21 detaches and attaches to another chromosome.... [tags: Papers]
905 words (2.6 pages)
- Down Syndrome Although many theories have been developed, it is not known what actually causes Down syndrome. Some professionals believe that hormonal abnormalities, X-rays, viral infections, immunologic problems, or genetic predisposition may be the cause of the improper cell division resulting in Down syndrome. It has been known for some time that the risk of having a child with Down syndrome increases with advancing age of the mother; i.e., the older the mother, the greater the possibility that she may have a child with Down syndrome.... [tags: Pregnancy Children Disorder Health Essays]
1258 words (3.6 pages)
- Down syndrome Down syndrome takes its name from Dr. Langdon Down. He was the first person to describe the syndrome in 1866. The earliest recorded incident of someone having Down syndrome dates back to an altar piece painted in a church in Aachen, Germany in 1504. Although the syndrome is named after Dr Langdon Down, he did not understand the condition, as we know it today. The syndrome was referred to as having mongolism. This was because people who have Down syndrome have similar physical characteristics to those people of oriental heritage.... [tags: Mental Retardation Mentally Retarded]
1391 words (4 pages)
- Down syndrome is a birth defect caused by a genetic disorder that affects 350,000 people in the United States. It is caused by abnormalities in the genes and is not inherited, meaning that parents do not pass this onto their children. Genetics is the study of heredity or how certain traits are passed from parents to their children. Genes are the basic unit of heredity. Cells are the building blocks of your body and each one of us has more than 100 trillion cells. Our genes are located in chromosomes.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
1123 words (3.2 pages)