Essay on The Prize By Daniel Yergin

Essay on The Prize By Daniel Yergin

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The film "The Prize" is a documentary film that based on the book "The Prize" by Daniel Yergin. The title of the fourth episode "The Prize" is called war and oil, the main idea of this episode is cover the role of oil during the World War II, and the point that first mentioned in the video is that oil was an determine factor for the World War II result. This paper will cover some of the major historical event that mentioned in the film.
The World War II began in 1939, the video said the oil was the untold story of World War II, it is because in the time of 1939, people went on war with a lot of high technology stuff like planes and tanks, and those war machines all require large amount of oil to move. That means, countries that with more oil or fuels had the upper hand. The film covered both Germany and Japan, which were once the dominating countries in World War II, but both of them had the same problem, which was lack of oil and natural resources, and this important factor lead them both to defeat during the World War II.
The leader of the Germany during World War II was Hitler. Hitler was fascinated by those technologic machines, especially in motorizations which is very important for Germany to conquer other countries in Europe. But the problem is that the Germany did not have enough oil to fill those war machines, the country itself is poor and lack of natural resources. Before the World War II began, the I.G Farben, a German chemical company had a huge success on liquefying the coal under high pressure and temperature, the German used those liquefied coal as oil. Even though those scientists had earned the noble prize, the German soon realized that it was not worth to spend time and money on the liquefied coal. The liquef...


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...ey did not have enough fuels to move the powerful air force machines. Adolf Galland describes the jet fighter that set on the ground had shown the situation of Germany. Same problem in Japan, since the United States keep bombing Japan, the nation was in a desperate situation, the need to use pine wood for fuels. Finally, the Japanese used suicide attacks, this desperate move was very effective, the damage is good and spent less fuels because the planes were not going back. But after Japan used up all their fuels, they have nothing to move their war machines, so their emperor decided to surrender.
The fourth episode of " The Prize" clearly demonstrated the role the oil plays in the World War II, putting up historical examples to show the relationships of war and oil. The video had shown that the oil is very important to war, and the oil is a decisive factor in war.

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