Private Prisons Vs. Public Prisons Essay

Private Prisons Vs. Public Prisons Essay

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Private prisons are for-profit organizations where convicted criminals are confined by a third party contracted by government agencies for a net profit. Private prisons date as far back as the 1800’s, San Quentin being the first private prison in the U.S. Private prisons had its boom during the 1980’s, three major factor that contributed to the privatization of prisons; Ronald Reagan 's support for privatization, increase in prison population, and the Prison Industry Enhancement Certification program. Since then,the amount of private prisons across the U.S are continuously rising, a rate that starting to raise eyebrows. Between 1990 and now, the number of private corrections within the United States almost doubled, and inmate population grew by more than 1600%.

Advantages of private prisons
One of the benefits private business has is the savings that the government can get access to. The cost of paying private companies to house inmates is much cheaper than doing so in public prisons. Private prison employ staff at a lower rate and less benefits than public prison means more money is saved for the government. They also have access to cheaper goods and services, unlike government ran prisons.
Private prisons are on contracts with the government to house inmates, so performance standards are set high. Although they are ran by private companies,they are reviewed by public agencies to ensure that they are meeting all requirements. Inmates are offered better medical care, living conditions,and an effective rehabilitation program in private prisons. A well designed facility, greater operational and administrative flexibility, decentralized authority, higher morale, enthusiasm, and sense of ownership among line staff, ...

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... with only a single person monitoring the entire perimeter at the time of the escape; that there were so many false alarms (89 during the 16-hour study period) that staff learned to disregard them; that one-third of the security staff had less than three months on the job and that there was no officer training program”(Lotke, 2014).

As inmate population continues to grow, the need for private prisons will most likely increase. They are the easiest and cheapest way to deal with the overcrowding of prisons. But private prisons have created additional ethical and moral problems. Private prisons will not take on policies or procedures that will hurt their profits so governmental agencies must meet prison half way to ensure regulation and promotion of correctional goals. Or private prisons can let government agencies run the prisons if standards are still not met.

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