The two main principles of theology represented by Socrates at the end of Book II are in reference to his plan of guardian education. The importance of the education of the Gods is the implementation of the Guardian class on the city. As the class will be young and impressionable when hearing the stories it is critical that these are watched carefully. Socrates further expands the education of the Guardians to that of justice that comes from the city and the city is made up of its people.
The first principle of theology in relation to the education of the Guardians that Socrates asserts is that the Gods are purely good thus only create good in the world. An example of this, “…the god is not the cause of all things, but of the good”(Bloom 380c 58). Socrates explains that Gods need to be taught to the Guardians as perfectly virtuous. By doing this the Guardians will look up to the Gods and emulate their behavior. It appears that in order to build a great city the Guardians need to have just behavior that can be learned through the Gods.
Socrates also does not want the Guardians to be taught the Gods written in Greek poems and epics. Socrates, “Rather we should compel the poets to deny either at such deeds are theirs, or that they are children of gods, but not say both”(Bloom 390d 69). These poets that Socrates mentions have written about the God and all their struggles, bad decisions, and character flaws. Socrates would ask these poets in their city to discredit the things they have written. Either by saying that the bad qualities were their own or that they are just the children of these Gods. The real issues are why does Socrates want these poets to discredit their own work. Socrates illustrates that the poets should not at...
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...is is because the individuals know that it is unjust by the Gods to do so.
The interaction between the Gods, justice, and the city all expand upon another. In order for there to be justice the individuals need the right teachings. The right teachings come in part from the Gods. When the individuals practice justice or virtue the city as a whole becomes just.
Overall the principles in Book II about the teachings of theology correlate to the larger picture of how the individuals and city are just. At the core of theology lie the two main principles that the Gods only practice goodness and they cannot be portrayed to the students as deceitful liars. These principles of the Gods are critical to understanding how Socrates plans to make the city a just one. By starting at the individual level he hopes that education will be at the crux of how justice fits into the city.
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