One area where Kant and Mill have differing opinions is on the idea of duty and how one determines an actions moral worth. Kant, in his work, describes duty as the necessity to act out of respect for the law, rather than acting as a result of an inclination. Also, Kant makes the claim that the moral worth of an action is determined by its respect for duty and the law rather than personal inclinations. According to Kant, an action is morally right when, rather than being influenced by personal inclinations and desires, it is rather...
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...ar idea that the intended effects of actions should apply evenly to the collective of humanity and contributed positively to the collective happiness, they both differ in how individuals should go about this. Kant, on one hand, stipulates with his Categorical Imperative that actions can only become laws and be considered right if they can be applied to all evenly. Kant also argues that the moral worth of actions can only be determined out a sense of duty and respect for universal laws. Mill, on the other hand, with his Greatest Happiness Principle, makes the claim that the only scale for determining the moral worth of an action is by examining how greatly it increases the collective happiness. Although both men have differing opinions how one determines an actions moral worth, they are still in agreement that actions taken should positively impact those they effect.
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