The first case to discuss is the whipping of a British school teacher in Sudan for allowing her class of seven-year-olds to name a teddy bear “Mohammed”. From a United States point of view, there is nothing wrong with this at all, but is considered a major crime of blasphemy under Sudanese law. The teacher was whipped forty times for her punishment, even though she did not name the bear Mohammed herself or have any intent of talking bad of the prophet. Since the people of Sudan may not completely believe in the idea of proportionality, there is a lot to discuss on whether or not the punishment is justified and understandable.
Jack Donnelly and I share a similar opinion in this case. I believe that Donnelly would want to abolish this law completely and adopt more of a Western view of the punishment. I am not saying that I believe Sudan should pick up on Western crime and punishment laws, but should at least look into the idea of proportionality. Donnelly would say otherwise though, and would suggest gradually adopting the concept of human rights that the Western societies have come to believe in. He might also say that although the Sudanese people understand human good and dignity, they do not understan...
... middle of paper ...
...l nature rather than just toleration, even though some of the religion’s practices may be a bit extreme. As long as they aren’t harming a community’s group rights, I believe that the practices should be completely allowed. We as a worldwide community have to open our eyes to other people’s customs and be more culture-conscience. If we don’t recognize that there is naturally less power in a minority group, how can we ever find a way to even the playing field for everyone? Just like everything else in the world, we have to recognize the problems and the circumstances of our situation before we can go about solving them, and I think that the Cultural Relativism is the model to use. Liberal Universalism seems too much about toleration and going off an interpretation of “reason” rather than working to understand each other’s cultures and discussing what needs to be done.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- There are universal moral principles that are right for all individual at all times. Children are taught about moral values very early on, which will help them as they get older. Although, some people make mistakes and don’t always do what is morally right, moral principles are there to keep people in the right tract. People know that when they do something morally wrong consequences usually follow. According to James Rachels, who is a descriptive soft universalist, states that there are at least three universal values.... [tags: Morality, Ethics, Moral relativism, Value theory]
1427 words (4.1 pages)
- What seems to most like the debate of the West versus the rest, the debate of whether to enforce universal human rights of individuals (set forth in documents such as the United Nation’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)) or to promote difference and recognize group rights, is as alive as ever in recent years thanks to intellectuals like Seyla Benhabib, Martha Nussbaum, Chandra Mohanty, Susan Okin Moller and Charles Taylor. The primary question behind this debate of universal legal principles versus group rights is whether or not a concept of universal justice exists.... [tags: Human rights]
2313 words (6.6 pages)
- Cultures and societies around the world often have different moral beliefs. From an anthropological perspective, to deny cultures any validity in their moral beliefs would be a delusional ethnocentric refusal of cultural relativism. From a moral philosophical perspective, however, this is a conflicting matter. Is morality then simply a social construct based purely on arbitrary opinions. Are there no universal moral truths. In response, conventional ethical relativism puts forth the notion that there are indeed no objective moral truths.... [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Moral relativism]
936 words (2.7 pages)
- Cultural relativism is the term given to the idea that there are no universal moral values that apply to all mankind and that every culture has its own set of moral principles. This set of principles varies from culture to culture, and it is extremely rare, if not totally impossible, to find a moral principle that is followed by all cultures. For example, the idea of arranged marriages, which is the concept of two families marrying their son and daughter even though they don’t particularly know each other, is fairly common in Indian culture but non-existent in American culture.... [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Moral relativism]
1457 words (4.2 pages)
- Assess the merits and pitfalls of cultural relativism in contemporary anthropology. Cultural relativism is a contentious methodological and theoretical stance in anthropology, which advises that cultures should only be contemplated in their own context. This was conceptualised by Franz Boas (Boas, 1904). It rests on the idea that cultures are formed through the accumulative process of enculturation. Each culture has evolved in its own circumstances, thus it cannot be judged from a different framework (Herskovitz, 1955).... [tags: Culture, Cultural relativism]
1829 words (5.2 pages)
- According to William Penn "Right is right, even if everyone is against it; and wrong is wrong, even if everyone is for it.” The theory of relativism was first thought of by an ancient Greek sophist, Protagoras. He stated that “man is the measure of all things.” Which means man is the ultimate source of value. If we took a look at the world today, we would see that are many other cultures other than our own. With many cultures within the world, everyone is bound to believe that every culture is different.... [tags: Culture, Cultural relativism, Truth]
707 words (2 pages)
- Weigh Prinz’s argument for moral relativism against the anti-relativist arguments put by James Rachel in “The Challenge of Cultural Relativism.” Explain both philosophers cases. Which argument is stronger in your view and why. Defend your answer. From a young age, people question whether they are morally right about things all around them. Have our morals been taught to us from a young age. Do they truly exist are are they a norm imposed to people by society. Does morality really exist or is it just a creation of our imagination.... [tags: Morality, Ethics, Cultural relativism]
1470 words (4.2 pages)
- It is not uncommon for an individual to describe a culture that is not their own as exotic, unique, or dated. However, they would be overlooking the idea and importance of cultural relativism on a global scale. It is understandable that a cultural aspect, different from what an individual is used to interacting in, seems hard to understand or too complex to recognize, but it is important to look at one’s own culture and others from multiple angles. The lack of familiarity of another culture that often produces words like “exotic” can be put away with a proper amount of time researching, understanding, and appreciating the normal behavior of another culture.... [tags: Culture, Anthropology, Cultural relativism]
1222 words (3.5 pages)
- There are different countries and cultures in the world, and as being claimed by cultural relativists, there is no such thing as “objective truth in morality” (Rachels, 2012). Cultural relativists are the people who believe in the Cultural Ethical Relativism, which declares that different cultures value different thing so common ethical truth does not exist. However, philosopher James Rachels argues against this theory due to its lack of invalidity and soundness. He introduced his Geographical Differences Argument to point out several mistakes in the CER theory.... [tags: Morality, Culture, Cultural relativism, Logic]
1155 words (3.3 pages)
- Cultural relativism is the idea that moral and ethical systems varying from culture to culture, are all equally credible and no one system is morally greater than any other. Cultural relativism is based on the concept that there is no “ultimate” standard of good and evil, so the judgement of what is seen as moral, or immoral, is simply a product of one’s society and/or culture. The general consensus of this view is that there is no ethical position that may be considered “right” or “wrong” in terms of society and culture (Cultural Relativism).... [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Ethics]
761 words (2.2 pages)