The Principles Of Language Assessment Essay

The Principles Of Language Assessment Essay

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The principles of Language assessment are principles that are used to evaluate a test, to create a new test or to make a better test. According to Brown (2004) these principles should be applied in formal tests and all sorts of tests as well. One of the main points in this book “Language assessment: Principles and classroom practices. London: Longman” is how to use these principle to develop a new test for students, but what are these principles?
These cardinal criteria are practicality, reliability, validity, impact and finally authenticity. My main focus in this essay is how is Observation related to these five criteria? And what kind of settings can Observation be useful or harmful for ESL students?
Brown stated an interesting point in his book (2004, p.116-117) that will lead us to the definition of “observation assessment” when you assess someone, you are assessing their language competence but you are observing their performance as well which is also a kind of assessment. Sometimes assessing someone’s competence isn’t always accurate as the student can go through different situations that will lead to the disturbance of the language competence and performance. That is why in this case “observation assessment “can be used as an alternative form of assessment and this is a beneficial setting. So, observation is a way to assess a student through observing their performance and only the results of their integrated skills receptive and active. For example, a teacher can observe the results of the student’s skills such as their listening skills, reading, speaking and writing skills. (Brown , 2000. Chapter 1-chapter 2)
As I mentioned before, in order to asses or evaluate there are criteria that must be followed to ensure the...


... middle of paper ...


...assessment can be negative as well, what are the disadvantages of observational assessment?
As I stated before that the teacher’s feedbacks are very important, but in this type of assessment you may take more time than usual, which is difficult if you want to stick to a certain time limit. I also think that grading criteria for this type of assessment will be hard to design, because there is no completely wrong answer. I think it is also expensive way of assessment because it takes long time to create and long time to grade. Sometimes observations can be subjective which makes it not accurate enough. Some students will get shy and distracted because they are being watched by the teacher and other students and that will limit their performance. Finally, every assessment focuses on certain aspects, teachers should know what kind of assessment their student should have.

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