The primary goal of social work is to increase overall human well-being, however; whether this is done through individual treatment or social reform is up for debate (Haynes, 1998). Some advocates of the profession believe that it should take on a generalist approach that is multidimensional (Abramovitz, 1998). By using this framework, social workers are able to work on social issues and treat the individual.
According to the NASW Code of Ethics (2008), the primary goal of social work is to, “…enhance human well-being and help meet the basic human needs of all people, with particular attention to the needs and empowerment of people who are vulnerable, oppressed and living in poverty” (NASW, 2008). Historically, the profession was deeply rooted in social reform and was committed to public service. Today, recent studies show that social workers in the U.S. tend to work with the middle class rather than the those living in poverty (Gibleman & Schervish, 1997). However, the Code of Ethics still advocates for social work practice to look at both the micro and macro issues through, “… direct practice, community organizing, supervision, consultation administration, advocacy, social and political action, policy development and implementation, education, and (or) research and evaluation” (NASW,2008)
This definition of social work assumes that social workers can distinguish between their own values and biases in practicing the profession (Reamer,2014). Furthermore, it is expected that practicing social workers will adhere to the profession’s core values: service, social justice, dignity and worth of the person, importance of human relationships, integrity and competence (NASW, 2008). It also stresses that social workers...
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...some issues with transportation and could have some troubles keeping appointments. Furthermore, there might be issues with understanding how to advocate for themselves if Mrs. Garcia’s disability hinders her from doing so. Thus, the social worker may find it difficult to connect Ricky to the support he needs if first they need to address some of the basic necessities and needs of the family.
In conclusion, the Garcia family and Ricky’s mental health concerns are not easily explained. Rather, this case consists of multi-faceted issues that require complex, non-linear solutions. Thus, any assistance given to the family must consider the issues from a general systems attitude. Furthermore, it is imperative to play on the strengths of the family such as their familism, their Latino heritage and their resourcefulness in order to create a multi-dimensional action plan.
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