The primary characteristics of binge eating disorder include eating, in a discrete period of time, an amount of food that is definitely larger than most people would eat in a similar period of time under similar circumstances and a sense of lack of control over eating during the episode. Since binge eating disorder has many etiological factors, it is necessary to take an integrative approach when treating it. This involves incorporating a multidisciplinary team. It is also important to tailor the treatment to the individual’s needs. Therefore, the type of treatment used often depends on the individual’s goals and the clinician’s perspective. Another critical factor when attempting to treat binge eating disorder is recognizing, diagnosing, and treating other psychopathology. Lastly, in treatments for binge eating disorder it is essential to address the individual’s weight, or more specifically, the need to lose weight.
The common treatments include cognitive-behavioral therapy, interpersonal psychotherapy, dialectical behavior therapy, and behavioral weight loss therapy. The most widely used and empirically supported of these approaches is CBT. For this approach, the main focuses are moderation of food intake and reduction of binge eating episodes. CBT for binge-eating disorder also attempts to normalize eating and restructure maladaptive thoughts, beliefs, and values related to eating. In addition, exercising is promoted in order to reduce stress and increase energy expenditure. This treatment method also focuses on obesity education and calorie counting to promote a healthy diet. One alternative to CBT is behavioral weight loss therapy. This method has also been shown to be effective and actually results in higher weight loss t...
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... is to recognize, challenge, and change stress related thoughts associated with sleep, or lack thereof. This, combined with relaxation techniques and sleep restriction therapy, is effective in improving the quality of sleep.
Lastly, the most common treatment for insomnia is pharmacological. There are several types of medications that are used to treat insomnia, including benzodiazepine receptor agonists, non-benzodiazepine sedatives, melatonin agonists, and antidepressants. However, there are many downsides of using medication as treatment. For one, medications are habit forming and can result in negative side-effects such as dependency and tolerance. Also, medications often do not treat the underlying causes. Instead, they simply cover up the problem. Therefore, it may be useful to use some alternative methods, such as tryptophan, valerian root, and melatonin.
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