The Life of Daniel Defoe Essay

The Life of Daniel Defoe Essay

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The Life of Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe was easily one of the most influential and accomplished
English author/writer of all time. Not only is Daniel Defoe considered
as the founder of the English novel along with Samuel Richardson, but
he was also a critical figure in European journalism and political
commentary. Defoe has produced as much as 200 works of non fiction and
2,000 short essays in various periodical publications. In addition to
over half a dozen full length novels such as Robinson Crusoe, a tale
of a shipwrecked sailor stranded on a remote island. Defoe has done
more than anyone else in his lifetime; he was a merchant, business
owner, soldier, editor, journalist, and writer. Much of his life he
was oppressed because of his religion, beliefs, and political and
social ideals, because of his opposition to the church and state he
was jailed and imprisoned many times. Defoe's writing reflected the
fast growth of the English Middle class with new business
opportunities in 1600-1700.

Daniel Foe was born in London sometime in 1660 to an English butcher
and candle merchant James Foe. He later changed his surname to Defoe,
probably to return to his old foreign family name. His father was a
Dissenter, a Presbyterian protestant who was not a part of the
established Anglican Church. Defoe's mother died when he was 10, and
his father sent him to boarding school. At the time Dissenters could
not attend Cambridge and Oxford universities(unless they take an oath
to the Church of England), in fact at the time Dissenters were
prosecuted slightly by the Catholic who were the majority of the
country. Dissenters had to send their children to dissenting
academies. At the age of 14 Defoe went to attend a dissentin...


... middle of paper ...


...and economic surroundings effected human nature. His novels
are important in history because they mark an important break from
traditional long poems and dramas. Defoe created reality of what we
are reading by presenting realistic details and conditions. Defoe's
complex lifestyle contributed to his understanding of people and the
world.


Annotated Bibliography

"Daniel Defoe @ Catharton" .

Biography of Daniel Defoe expressing his involvement with religion and
politics.

Books and Writers Online. .

Biography of Daniel Defoe quoting and describing the work that he has
published and produced. With a list of work along with dates.

Daniel 'The True-Born Englishman' Defoe - Incomptech .

Summery of important events in life of Daniel Defoe. His imprisonment
and struggle by the Catholic church.

"Daniel Defoe" World Book Encyclopedia. 234. 1992.

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