Essay on Allegory in Animal Farm, by George Orwell

Essay on Allegory in Animal Farm, by George Orwell

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George Orwell wrote the novel Animal Farm. Orwell uses the genre of
allegory to illustrate his satirical views of the Russian Revolution. As
Britain and Russia were allies during the War, Orwell was forbidden to
straightforwardly express his opinion.

During the Second World War, George Orwell wrote the novel “Animal
Farm”. Orwell uses the genre of allegory to illustrate his satirical
views of the Russian Revolution. As Britain and Russia were allies
during the War, Orwell was forbidden to straightforwardly express his
opinion of Stalin and the Russian Regime so he uses animals as their
representatives, instead.

“Animal Farm” opens with the description of Jones’s neglectful
attitude towards the farm and its inhabitants: “he was too drunk to
remember to shut the pop-holes”. Jones can immediately be seen as a
representative of Tsar Nicholas the second whose selfishness and lack
of consideration towards the needs of his people led to Lenin’s
Revolution.

When Old Major summons the other farm animals to the barn, he gives
them hope of a happier, more worthwhile future. His ideology is:
“remove man from the scene and the root cause of hunger and overwork
is abolished forever”. He then tells them they must abide by “Seven
commandments” and must refer to one another as “comrade”. The pigs
later title this system “Animalism”. Old Major’s behaviour is symbolic
of Lenin’s. When the Russian civilians stopped supporting Tsar
Nicholas the second, they turned to Lenin who provided them with hope.
Before Lenin died he established the USSR just as old Major
established “Animalism” before his death.

Orwell shows us just how callous Jones is when he doesn’t feed the
animals. The animals later break down the door ...


... middle of paper ...


...urveying the pigs and men through a window of the
house: “it was impossible to say which was which”. This shows us that
the pigs do not only copy Jones by the way they act but have also
adopted his appearance as well. Their power has transformed them from
liberators to dictators.

George Orwell successfully shows us in “Animal Farm” that power is a
very difficult thing to control. For ten years, Britain was forced to
endure the Conservatives but then Tony Blair became Prime Minister. He
was elected in to this position by promising beneficial things to the
whole of Britain. However, when he realised the extent of his power he
didn’t do half the things he promised he would. It is on very seldom
occasions that leaders do not create a dystopian environment. Even the
recent expulsion of Saddam Hussein cannot guarantee that Iraq will
ever enjoy true democracy.

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