George Orwell's Animal Farm Essay

George Orwell's Animal Farm Essay

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George Orwell's Animal Farm


George Orwell wrote ‘Animal Farm’ as an allegory, which is a simple
story, with a more complicated idea running alongside it. In this
case, it is a story about a group of pigs taking over a farm, and the
story of the Russian Revolution is told underneath it. The main
characters of the revolution are portrayed in the book as follows: Mr
Jones is Czar Nicholas II, the last Russian leader before the
revolution; Old Major is Karl Marx, the person who influenced the
people into revolting and the idea of communism; Snowball is Trotsky,
one of the early leaders of the revolution; Napoleon is Stalin, a
cruel, selfish, and corrupt leader; and Boxer and Clover represent the
proletariat, or the ‘common’ working class people.

At the beginning of the book, Boxer is introduced as ‘an enormous
beast’, who is ‘not of first rate intelligence’, and we are also told
that he is universally respected. He has a kind, gentle, caring
character that others feel safe around ‘Last of all came the cat, who
looked around, as usual, for the warmest place, and finally squeezed
herself in between Boxer and Clover.’

Boxer and Clover are used by Orwell to represent the proletariat, or
the working class, in Russian society. This lower class is naturally
drawn to Stalin (represented by Napoleon) because it seems as though
they will benefit most from his new system. Since Boxer and the other
low animals are not accustomed to the "good life," they can't really
compare Napoleon's government to the life they had before under Jones.
The proletariat are also quite good at convincing each other that
communism is a good idea, ‘they absorbed everything that they were
told, and passed it on to the others’.

Boxer...


... middle of paper ...


...nd of the book shows how the leaders of the Russian
Revolution turned out to be just as bad, if not worse than the czars,
‘The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig,
and from pig to man again: but already it was impossible to say which
was which.’ George Orwell put Boxer in the story and killed him to
show that all his hard work, like the proletariats in the Russian
Revolution, was for nothing and that, in the end, it would always go
back to the way it was at the beginning. This is something that
Benjamin knew all the way through, and after the animals have
forgotten Jones and their past lives, ‘Only old Benjamin professed to
remember every detail of his long life and to know that things never
had been, nor ever could be much better or much worse; hunger,
hardship, and disappointment being, so he said, the unalterable law of
life.’

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