Karl Marx and Frederic Engels were two very liberal, politically left, philosophers. This means that they were in favor of a large government that is comprised of the people, and involved in the lives of these people. One may reflect that this does not sound very different from the influence the United States government has on the lives of its citizens, a large providing government that acts on the will of the people. In both situations the government is aware of the citizens and aims to instill equality into the societies, but this equality is to be obtained by different means and to different extents.
In response to the industrial revolution, which not only made our modes of production better and faster, but also changed a person’s individual choices and responsibilities to the government, Karl Marx and Frederic Engels were compelled to write the Manifesto of the Communist Party.[iii] Marx and Engels were disturbed by the way the working class was being exploited in this capitalistic time, and their liberal viewpoints of how a man should be treated were included in this document. One concept that Marx mentions in this Manifesto is the autonomy and responsibility each person has to a government and to what extent these concepts should be practiced in one’s own home.[iv] Although the involvement of the citizen in the government is quite similar to the U.S., this Manifesto puts much more control in the hands of the people than in the U.S.. In terms of the governments involvement in personal affairs, the Manifesto creates much more political control over the personal lives to try and insure equality when the U.S. allows capitalism to decid...
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... Marx, Section I. Bourgeois and Proletarians
[vi] Thomas Jefferson, Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776, Section I.
[vii] “What are the Major Themes of the Humanities Base?,” Humanities Base Resource
[viii] “Declaration of Independence,” American History Documents,
[ix] “Marxism F.A.Q.” Youth for International Socialism,
[x] “What are the Major Themes of the Humanities Base?,” Humanities Base Resource
[xi] “Life During the Industrial Revolution,” Schools History,
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