As the Industrial Revolution was occurring, numerous changes were occurring. Workers were not receiving fair treatment. They were working long hours and getting paid very little money. The working class felt that they were not receiving equal treatment and equal pay for what they were offering to society. Yet some individuals, such as the owners of companies, were profiting from this movement. But the inequalities that existed caused Marx, along with Engels, to write the Communist Manifesto. Karl Marx was a man who “urged workers to vindicate the simple laws of morals and justice, which ought to govern the relations of private individuals, as the rules paramount of the intercourse of nations”.[i] After Marx wrote the document, other people were moved by this call for a change with revolution and decided to act upon their feelings that supported the document’s concepts.
Rosa Luxemburg was a Marxist who responded to the concept of revolution. She was in prison at the time when she wrote a pamphlet on the Russian Revolution. She believed that the revolution needed to defend itself in order to survive. Luxemburg stresses her argument and acts responsibly toward the evils of society:
“Her fundamental belief was twofold: that ‘the only effective means in the hands of the proletarian revolution’ were ‘the kindling of revolutionary idealism, which can be maintained over any length of time only through the intensively active life of the masses themselves under conditions of unlimited political freedom’; and that under such conditions-above all ‘general elections…unrestricted freedom of press and assembly …a free struggle of opinion’-the ‘active participation of the ma...
... middle of paper ...
...kes, Steven, Marxism and Morality, 106.
[v] “Vladimir Lenin-April 25 1891”, Lenin Archives,
[vi] DeGeorge, Richard T. Soviet Ethics and Morality. (Ann Arbor Paperbacks:The
University of Michigan Press, 1969), 21.
[vii] DeGeorge, Richard T, Soviet Ethics and Morality, 24.
[viii] Lukes, Steven, Marxism and Morality, 23.
[ix] “Joseph Stalin Reference Archive”, Biography,
[x] DeGeorge, Richard T, Soviet Ethics and Morality, 5.
[xi] “Age of Industry”, The Development of Western Civilization,
[xii] Felix Silverio. The Luddites, 28 September 1999,
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