Modern Communism: Marx, Engles, Lenin, and Stalin Essay

Modern Communism: Marx, Engles, Lenin, and Stalin Essay

Length: 2110 words (6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Karl Marx never saw his ideals and beliefs, as the founding father of communist thought, implemented in the world and society because he died in 1883.1 The communist ideology did not rise to power until the beginning of the 20th century. Then it would be implemented and put into practice in the largest country in the world producing a concept that would control half of the world’s population in less than 50 years. The Manifesto of the Communist Party, written by Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels, searched for a perfect society living in equality and united in freedom. According to Marx this could only be accomplished in an anti-capitalist society.2 When their ideals where implemented in the 20th century, their message became warped and disfigured by the leadership of the worlds’ communist powers. Communism became in some ways more and in others less than Marx had first envisioned so many years before in 1848. Marx’s sought a social “Utopia,” while modern communist thought became a view of world domination.3 Many of the centralized governments of modern communism have fallen apart toward the end of the 20th century, confronted with concepts of self-government and revolution. Therefore, it is vital to document the rise and fall of modern communism throughout the world, and review the modern communist thought as it contrasted with that of Marx and Engels over 150 years ago.

In essence, modern communism was founded in 1917 at the height of the First World War, in Russia.4 When Vladimir Ilich Lenin, a strong left wing Marxist intellectual from Russia, was provided passage back into his exiled homeland by train through war torn Europe. The German government agreed to allow Lenin to travel from Switzerland to Russia if he agreed to wi...

... middle of paper ...

...ate, (Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 1971). 24-28.

16 Ralph Raico, *.

LINKS - Other Sights to Check Out

The History Channel -

Marxist Thought Archives -

Dr. Santamarina's Homepage -

Progressive Labor Party Homepage -

Mao Tse-tung Writings -

CNN review of Communist China -

US State Dept. on Cuba -

Cigar Aficionado Magazine -

US Army War College -

Defense Intelligence Agency -

Dave Jessop (The Dude's) Email -

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Voltaire, Marx, And Dostoevsky All Use Writing As A Means Of Social Critique

- Catherine Llewellyn December 19, 2014 Western Civilization II HU2211, C: Moore Week 8 - Assignment: Final Paper Voltaire, Marx, and Dostoevsky all use writing as a means of social critique. What are they critiquing, and how do their methods differ. What kind of reaction do they want from their readers, and how (what kind of language do they use, what kind of appeals do they make) do they attempt to elicit this reaction. Voltaire, Marx, and Dostoevsky all use writing as a means of social critique....   [tags: Sociology, Karl Marx, Communism, Capitalism]

Strong Essays
1243 words (3.6 pages)

The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Its Influence on Society Essay

- The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Its Influence on Society The German political philosopher and revolutionary, Karl Marx is best known for his radical concepts of society. His socialist views are best seen in his work Communist Manifesto. As one of the most influential thinkers of all times, he was able to convey revolutionary ideas in a manner that all could understand. Due to its comprehendible nature and usefulness to the people of his time this document was widely popular among commoners of the Nineteenth Century....   [tags: Karl Marx Communism Socialism Essays]

Strong Essays
995 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on The Communist Manifesto

- Political theorist, Karl Marx and Fredrich Engels wrote, Communist Manifesto, which is the documentation of the Communist party, published February 1848, in London. This is one of history's most influential literature pieces. This manifesto was written during a period known as “the hungry 1840's”, which accounted to their ideas and theories (Boyer 151). The Communist Manifesto contained many challenging ideas that changed the mind set of every person even till this day. Their ideas led to the communist revolutions in Russia and China....   [tags: Political Theorists, Karl Marx, Fredrich Engles]

Strong Essays
1245 words (3.6 pages)

The Relevance Of The Communist Manifesto Essay

- The Relevance of The Communist Manifesto to Today’s Society The Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles was published in 1848. The book was a result of social, economic, and political turmoil in England before the 1850s. Although, ant first and still today some individuals may believe Marx and Engles ideas to be outlandish, it is important to consider the big ideas that Marx and Engles shed light upon because these ideas are just as applicable today as they were back when Marx and Engle first wrote them....   [tags: Marxism, Socialism, Karl Marx, Communism]

Strong Essays
1241 words (3.5 pages)

Education: Pedagogy of the Oppressed by Paulo Freire Essay

- The process of moving toward and creating a more just and humane would have to begin with education. However, it also seems that creating a just future would also necessitate the creation of many different systems of government throughout the world. If just one system existed, anyone who would not choose that system for themselves may begin to feel or actually be oppressed for a lack of conformity. Furthermore, some people just have such vastly different ideas of ‘just’ and ‘justice’ that they cannot be combined into one system....   [tags: political system, communism, marx, engel]

Strong Essays
1436 words (4.1 pages)

Transition from Communism to Democracy: A Case Study of Russia’s Democratic Transition

- Transition from Communism to Democracy: A Case Study of Russia’s Democratic Transition Communism is a political system that has been used time and time again, where all property is publicly owned and people are paid according to their needs and abilities. Many countries used this political system in the years following 1917–such as Croatia and Russia–and is still used today. The ideology of Communism or more specifically Marxism is shown in the book The Communist Manifesto. Karl Marx, writer of The Communist Manifesto, stated that ““The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.” Alluding to these class struggles eventually leading to a grand revolution....   [tags: Government, Croatia, Soviets]

Strong Essays
1940 words (5.5 pages)

Essay on Karl Marx

- Karl Marx Karl Marx was a German political philosopher and a revolutionist, confounder with Friedrich Engles of scientific socialism and is one of the most influential thinkers of all times. Karl Marx was educated at the universities of Bonn, Berlin, and Jena. In 1842, shortly after he submitted his first article to his college newspaper he becomes the editor. In his article's Marx wrote about political, and social conditions. This caused him very much trouble with authorities. Marx was forced to resign as editor in 1843....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
370 words (1.1 pages)

Essay on Karl Marx : A Leader Of Modern Communism

- Karl Marx Page 1 Karl Marx Essay # 1 October 10th, 2014 Teacher: Janie L. Geddes By: Candace Hayle Karl Marx Page 2 Karl Marx was born on May 5th 1818 in Germany. In 1842 Marx had become editor-in-chief and moved from Bonn to Cologne, Journalism became a chief occupation for most of Marx life....   [tags: Marxism, Karl Marx, Communism, Social class]

Strong Essays
1030 words (2.9 pages)

Karl Marx On Communism And Capitalism Essay

- Karl Marx was a 19th century philosopher and economist, whose writings on communism and capitalism continue to influence people to this day. His arguments focus mainly on the detrimental effects of a capitalist society on the human condition. He believed capitalism to be an unnatural and unsustainable social and economic system, which not only negatively impacted the poorer facets of society (e.g. the workers), but the rich (e.g. factory owners) as well. Capitalism, according to Marx, fetishizes production, therefore alienating those involved in said production, as it places profit above human existence....   [tags: Capitalism, Karl Marx, Communism, Marxism]

Strong Essays
845 words (2.4 pages)

Communism : Communism And Communism Essay

- Communism "Communism." Britannica Online Academic Edition (2015). Print. The article gives an overview of communism itself and its background throughout history. The article states that communism is a higher form of socialism and the ideas Karl Marx laid down to create a classless society through the use of communism. The article has excerpts about how Marx identified two phases of communism and how communism would eventually overthrow capitalism. The article reviews his two phases one of which describes how the working class would control society and the government; the other being Marx’s idea of, “From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs.” After reviewing this...   [tags: Communism, Karl Marx, Socialism, Marxism]

Strong Essays
1261 words (3.6 pages)