Essay about Society at the Time of the Communist Manifesto

Essay about Society at the Time of the Communist Manifesto

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Society at the Time of the Communist Manifesto

Much was going on in society at the time the Communist Manifesto was written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Society was undergoing many changes and issues, and many events took place as a result of this. To many people in England it seemed that the middle class was taking control—and Marx and Engels agreed in the Communist Manifesto. They stated, “The bourgeoisie, historically, has played a most revolutionary part. The bourgeoisie, wherever it has got the upper hand, has put an end to all feudal, patriarchal, idyllic relations. It has pitilessly torn asunder the motley feudal ties that bound man to his ‘natural superiors’…”1 There was much anger in Europe over numerous political issues and there was also frustration over the conditions in Europe. At the time the Communist Manifesto was written, there was a lack of food in many areas of Europe, especially Ireland. Citizens felt that middle class had taken rule over society and that others were being overlooked. These reasons combined to add up to the events that occurred in the year 1848.

There were numerous revolts in Europe in 1848, and in general they were poorly organized. While they did come quickly and gather enormous movement quickly, they also collapsed quickly.2 There were a number of reasons the movement was weakened. The radical social reformers were looking for justice for the peasants and workers, while the moderate political reformers wanted to protect the influence of the middle class.3 Also, radicals favored a republican government while moderates wanted a constitutional monarchy. Radicals wanted to collect all ...


... middle of paper ...


...many countries were able to make demands and have their demands met; many countries also made demands and their demands were never met. Society in Europe in 1848 was a clashing of ideas that brought about a social revolution.

Works Cited

1 Marx, Karl, The Communist Manifesto, Part I, 1848

2 Bruun, Geoffrey, Revolution and Reaction, 1848-1852 (Princeton: D. Van Nostrand
Company, Incorporated, 1958), 9

3 Bruun, 10-11

4 Bruun, 10-11

5 Bruun, 20

6 Bruun, 20

7 Postgate, Raymond, Story of a Year: 1848 (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1955), 248

8 Robertson, Priscilla, Revolutions of 1848 (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1952), vii

9 Bruun, 26

10 Bruun, 26-27

11 Bruun, 27

12 Robertson, xvii

13 Bruun, 40

14 Bruun, 45

15 Bruun, 50

16 Bruun, 69

17 Bruun, 72

18 Bruun, 73

19 Bruun, 74

20 Bruun, 74

21 Bruun 74-75

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