Buy Essay Online: Odysseus’ Struggle Against the Sea in Homer's Odyssey

Buy Essay Online: Odysseus’ Struggle Against the Sea in Homer's Odyssey

Length: 3503 words (10 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Odysseus’ Struggle Against the Sea in Homer's Odyssey    


The Greek’s conception of the universe was anchored in the ever presence of the sea and they imagined the farthest limits of the earth to be a wide expanse of water. While enabling them to be a sea-faring people, the ocean also forced them to face the constant threat of becoming shipwrecked and dying at sea. In face of the threat posed by the sea, the Greeks sought to demonstrate that the forces of nature must be endured by man, and more importantly, that these forces must also be overcome by his efforts, his action, and his intelligence.

In Homer's Odyssey, it is upon the medium of the sea that Odysseus faces his most dehumanizing struggles. At the onset of the epic, it is set forth that it is upon the ocean that Odysseus' struggle takes place. "On the ocean he [Odysseus] suffered many pains within his heart,/ Striving for his life." (1.4-5) His fight against the sea is literally a struggle against Poseidon. Odysseus must undergo such strife for many years at sea, for "all the gods pitied him,/ Except Poseidon, who contended unremittingly/ With godlike Odysseus, till the man reached his own land." (1.19-20). Poseidon pursues him with relentless malice for he remains "enraged about the Cyclops whom [Odysseus] blinded in the eye,/ Godlike Polyphemos, who possesses the greatest strength/ Of all Cyclopes. The nymph Thoosa gave him birth,/ The daughter of Phorcys, ruler over the barren sea,/ In hollow caves, after she had lain with Poseidon." (1.67-73)

Poseidon ensures that his element becomes a constant threat and obstacle to Odysseus because Odysseus not only blinded Polyphemos but also because he had the audacity to boast about it. Poseidon's curse is a desire...


... middle of paper ...


...the obstacles of the sea can be overcome for in reality, the sea is forever encroaching upon the sands of civilization.

Works Cited and Consulted

Bloom, Harold , Homer's Odyssey: Edited and with an Introduction, NY, Chelsea House 1988
Heubeck, Alfred, J.B. Hainsworth, et al. A commentary on Homer's Odyssey. 3 Vols. Oxford PA4167 .H4813 1988
Jones, Peter V. Homer's Odyssey : a companion to the translation of Richmond Lattimore. Carbondale, IL : Southern Illinois University Press, c1988. PA4167 .J66 1988
Peradotto, John , Odysseus’ Struggle in the Odyssey, Princeton UP 1997
Stanford, William Bedell. Homer's Odyssey. 2 Vols. Macmillan
Thalmann, William G., The Odyssey : an epic of return. New York : Twayne Publishers. PA4167 .T45 1992
Tracy, Stephen V., The story of the Odyssey. Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, c1990. PA4167 .T7 1990

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Buy Essay Online: The Trials of Odysseus

- The Trials of Odysseus       Much of modern literature and beliefs can be found in The Odyssey. The epic stands as the basis for the adventure genre. Heroes, mystery, action, and bloodshed can all be found in Homer’s timeless classic. However, The Odyssey also contains one major concept that is a part of everyone’s life. Everyone must at one time or another prove themselves. And that is the foundation of Odysseus’ story. He, a warrior meant to die on the battleground at Troy, survived to set sail back to his home of Ithaca....   [tags: Odyssey essays]

Free Essays
2117 words (6 pages)

Buy Essays Online: Flaws of Society and Man Revealed in Odyssey

- Flaws of Society and Man Revealed in Odyssey        Society is formed around morals, but society is ruined by the flaws of the citizens.  Man has come a long way since the time of Homer, yet there are still many blemishes prominent in man, which binds man to society and society to man.  Homer uses Odyssey to address and analyze these flaws of society and man such as man's distrusting spirit, man's survival based on others' misfortune, and man's nature to gain unworthy assistance through pity.  These vices are universal, and no one, not even the immortals, may eliminate them.             One of the main flaws with man is their distrusting spirit.  Even Odysseus himself, is distrustful...   [tags: Odyssey essays]

Powerful Essays
1706 words (4.9 pages)

The Odyssey, By Odysseus And Odysseus Essay

- Topic #5 Ancient Greeks practiced their religion very seriously and ultimately being accepted by a Greek god or goddess was crucial to a Greek mortals life. In Homer’s The Odyssey, the different relationships between Poseidon and Odysseus, Odysseus and Athena and Telemachus and Athena affect whether or not Odysseus’ will fulfill his nostos – his homecoming. When in trouble or doubt, one prays to a higher being. In Ancient Greece, when mortals were in need of answers, clarification or guidance they would pray to the appropriate Greek god or goddess....   [tags: Odyssey, Greek mythology, Odysseus, Trojan War]

Powerful Essays
1645 words (4.7 pages)

Online Shopping Vs. Modern Society Essay

- Shopping has been around for thousands of years in different formats. At first it started out as the barter system, which allowed two parties to exchange goods and services amongst one another to suit their individual needs. As time went on money was created to give a form of fair exchange for a product as well as being able to price different products. With the use of money and the evolution of needs in society shops and malls began to form as a way to have most conveniences and needs in one place....   [tags: Retailing, Online shopping, Best Buy, Website]

Powerful Essays
765 words (2.2 pages)

How to Turnaround Best Buy Essay

- Introduction Best Buy, a 47 year old business, has faced countless challenges over the years. While Best Buy’s reputation has fluctuated, the company has presented several strategies to deal with these problems by creating plans to stabilize and promote growth. Through an in-depth analysis, the following areas were studied performance, environment, and organization. The analysis will assist in examining Best Buy’s strategies and core competences. The objective of this study is an understanding of the challenges and to figure out what makes the organization successful....   [tags: Best Buy Marketing Plan]

Powerful Essays
3162 words (9 pages)

Buy Essay Online: Dishonest Odysseus of Homer's Odyssey

- The Dishonest Odysseus of Odyssey    Once he returns to Ithaca, Odysseus displays dishonest behavior and does not once tell a person who he actually is when first meeting him. Odysseus hides his identity at first, whether by actively lying or passively not correcting their erroneous beliefs.  He tells Pallas Athena, first, that he is from Crete, had killed a man there, and had gotten a ride with some Phoenicians to Ithaca. He tells Eumaios that he grew up in Crete, went to Troy for the Trojan War, returned to Crete afterward and traveled to raid Egypt, where he was captured by Egyptians....   [tags: Odyssey essays]

Powerful Essays
2175 words (6.2 pages)

Odysseus Fighting with his Allies Essay

- For ten years the great Odysseus has been fighting alongside his allies in Troy, witnessing the horrors of war. Unfortunately, his journey home becomes an enduring trial filled with adversity and temptation and at times delivers sights worse than any battle scene. Odysseus, a war legend and wise man, must face monsters, muses, and gods who test him along the way and bear limitless catastrophes for him. Throughout his journey from Troy to Ithaka, Odysseus must struggle against the limitations of his human nature – specifically against pride, sensuality, and the temptation of curiosity....   [tags: odysseus, troy, curiosity]

Powerful Essays
616 words (1.8 pages)

The Fatal Pride of Odysseus Essay

- Odysseus is known as a great war hero and leader who encounters and conquers unimaginable obstacles in his quest to return to Ithaca. This is understandable, given that Homer often uses Odysseus’ point of view in recounting his tortuous ten-year journey. However, beneath the surface is another perspective that is often overlooked, namely, that of Odysseus’ men who accompany him on this journey. Odysseus often glosses over his shortcomings as a leader and accentuates or even exaggerates his successes....   [tags: odysseus, homer, cicones]

Powerful Essays
905 words (2.6 pages)

Odysseus Essay

- Odysseus Homer’s The Odyssey, a magnificent story of lust, deceit, greed, and heroism, still fascinates scholars and casual readers alike today in the same way it fascinated its audience at the time it was written. The Odyssey, a journey of determination, patience, and virtue, tells the tail of Odysseus, the main character, on his voyage home to Ithaka after the end of the Trojan War. Odysseus goes through many unforeseen trials and tribulations, which exemplify his character. During these different happenings, Odysseus makes decisions that do not correspond to his character....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
1102 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Odysseus

- In Homer's Odyssey, he uses the stories of Calypso and Circe to give a reader a glimpse at Greek values. Odysseus is a "perfectly" moral man by Greek standards. In the Calypso episode, Odysseus demonstrates the value of faithfulness, and in the Circe episode, he illustrates Greek values in general. While both goddesses seek Odysseus to be their husband, Odysseus responds as a perfect Greek hero. During the Calypso episode, Homer teachers that one must remain faithful in their hearts. The Circe episode shows the loyalty between a commander and his troops, burial rights, hospitality, and the relationship between host and guest....   [tags: essays research papers]

Powerful Essays
1073 words (3.1 pages)