Utopia Vs. Dystopia
Each person has their own vision of utopia. Utopia means an ideal state, a paradise, a land of enchantment. It has been a central part of the history of ideas in Western Civilization. Philosophers and writers continue to imagine and conceive plans for an ideal state even today. They use models of ideal government to express their ideas on contemporary issues and political conditions. Man has never of comparing the real and ideal, actuality and dream, and the stark facts of human condition and hypothetical versions of optimum life and government.
In the nineteenth century, man believed in the perfectibility of mankind and in the real possibility of an ultimate utopia, a time when man could all live together in peace. However, the events of the twentieth century have weakened that belief. Both cold and hot wars have followed each other in succession. Revolutions and civil wars have taken place and totalitarianism has become a fact that can hardly be ignored. Therefore, the modern age has become a time in which more anti-utopias have been envisioned than ever before.
A lot of authors have expressed their views on utopia in their novels. Some have done it by creating their own perfect world, while others have chosen a different path. They have selected to voice their opinions in anti-utopian novels, or dystopia. An anti-utopia is simply the reverse of a utopian novel. The aim of both novels is ba...
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- A Dystopian society can be defined by numerous ways, there is not one single mold that a society must fit to be considered dystopian. The world could be in ruins, with man surviving by living like animals in squalor, modern advancements completely useless, society could become far more advanced than the people are ready for causing a lot of human jobs to become obsolete and having machine run the lives of everyone, also like Gregory Claeys said in Dystopia: A Natural History, “we see miles of barbed wire broken by guard towers topped with machine guns and searchlights.” (Claeys 3) Science fiction is for the most part a story of future social orders in which the affect of science and innovati... [tags: Dystopia, Utopia, Science fiction, United States]
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