Even the most clueless among us know about “ecstasy” today; thanks to news and the media who have labeled it a “thrill pill” and “love drug,” and proclaimed it America’s newest “drug problem.” Although many therapists are praising it, researchers are also knocking it. All together, they have found that ecstasy, a drug similar to MDMA, has short and long term effects on the brain that vary from person to person.
Ecstasy is a street term for a range of drugs that are similar in structure to Methylenedioxymethamphetamine, also known as MDMA. Ecstasy is similar in structure and affect to amphetamines and hallucinogens. Amphetamines, or “speed”, are stimulants that speed up activity in the nervous system. Hallucinogens, such as LSD, typically affect perception and can cause things to be seen or heard that don’t really exist, or things that are distorted. Ecstasy is illegal, and its ingredients are often hard to get. Therefore, manufactures my substitute a wide range of substances when making the drug. There is a chance that when you buy ecstasy it will contain little MDMA. Like other illegally manufactured drugs, such as speed, there are no controls of factors such as strength and hygiene of the drug. The increases the chances of a person overdosing, being poisoned or experience other adverse reactions after taking the drug.
Swallowing ecstasy is the most common way to use it, even though it can taste foul. Ecstasy tablets can be various sizes, shapes and designs such as playboy bunnies or tulips. The tablets can be crushed and snorted. They may also be inserted into the anus from where the drug is absorbed. This way is often referred to as “shafting” or “shelving”. Today, injecting ecstasy is becoming more popular. The immediate effects usually begin within 20 minutes of taking the drug and may last up to 6 hours. Some people have reported some symptoms persisting for 32 hours after using ecstasy. Many people have experienced effects such as increased heart rate, body temperature and blood pressure. The user also experiences increased confidence and feelings of well being. Jaw clenching, teeth grinding and anxiety are also common. Symptoms on nausea and a loss of appetite are sometimes more likely to occur than thought of. These effects usually come up in a course of three phases: coming up, the plateau and coming down. In comin...
... middle of paper ...
...ral minutes to an hour. The drug's rewarding effects vary with the individual taking it, the dose and purity, and the environment in which it is taken. MDMA can produce stimulant effects such as an enhanced sense of pleasure and self-confidence and increased energy. Its psychedelic effects include feelings of peacefulness, acceptance, and empathy. Users claim they experience feelings of closeness with others and a desire to touch them. Because MDMA engenders feelings of closeness and trust and has a short duration of action, some clinicians claim that the drug is potentially valuable as a psychotherapeutic agent. However, Federal regulators classify MDMA, as a drug with no accepted medical use.
The number of ecstasy-related deaths is low, but it still remains illegal and harmful to the brain of the user. With ecstasy being a drug similar to MDMA, having short and long terms effects on the brain the vary from person to person, the user should think twice about what harm it can actually cause. There are many ecstasy users that don’t realize that the researchers, clinicians, and chemists may be right when they list out the number of things it can do to harm your body and your brain.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In this time in age, depression is not a very wonderful thing to have. Depression is a mood disorder that can cause a persistent of sadness and loss of interest. But, there are many ways fight depression and the most commonly way is taking antidepressants. Antidepressants are pills that people take to basically, make their brain smile and happy. There are many different types of antidepressants such as: selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), Serotonin and nonrepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), Trycyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and many more.... [tags: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor]
1181 words (3.4 pages)
- Serotonin and Its Uses Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is a neurotransmitter in the brain that has an enormous influence over many brain functions. It is synthesized, from the amino acid L-tryptophan, in brain neurons and stored in vesicles. Serotonin is found in three main areas of the body: the intestinal wall; large constricted blood vessels; and the central nervous system. The most widely studied effects have been those on the central nervous system. The functions of serotonin are numerous and appear to involve control of appetite, sleep, memory and learning, temperature regulation, mood, behavior (including sexual and hallucinogenic behavior), cardiovascular function, muscle co... [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
1358 words (3.9 pages)
- The Hoarding Syndrome is characterized as the "excessive collecting and saving behaviors that result in a cluttered living space and significant distress or impairment" (Frost and Hart, 1996). Hoarding symptoms often begin between the ages of 10-13 (Mackin, Arean, Delucchi, & Matthews, 2011) but does not "discriminate in terms of age, gender, educational levels, or socioeconomic status" (Singh & Jones, 2013). However, researchers have found a very strong association between having a family member who has a compulsive hoarder and coming a hoarder yourself (Mayo Clinic, 2014).... [tags: Hoarding Syndrome, Excessive Collecting]
1026 words (2.9 pages)
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a large array of disorders described as abdominal discomfort and pain with changes in bowel. IBS is known for cramping, abdominal pain, bloating gas, diarrhea and constipation. The colon’s many nerves connect it to the brain and are partly controlled by the ANS, which reacts to stress similar to the heart. The ascending pathways dealing with pain consist of three different tracts: the neospinothalamic, the paleospinothalamic, and the archispinothalamic tracts.... [tags: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)]
1536 words (4.4 pages)
- Depression is a mental disorder than can strike any one regardless of age, ethnic background, socio economic status or gender. Lifetime incidence of 7.9% to 8.6% of adult of age above 18 year had experienced depression at some time of their life according to some Canadian studies. The prevalence of depression is more common in women than in men and its onset is seen between ages 20 to 30, which peaks at ages 30 to 40. Depression is considered as one of the 4th leading cause of disease burden in North America according to WHO(World health Organization).... [tags: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, Serotonin]
864 words (2.5 pages)
- Tourette syndrome is a neurological disorder represented by unintentional tics and vocalizations. Simple and complex are words that are used to describe the two types of tics. Although the cause of Tourette syndrome has not yet been discovered, existing research believes it is caused from abnormalities in specific regions of the brain. These abnormalities make the nerves communicate with the brain improperly. Many people with Tourette syndrome undergo further neurobehavioral tribulations including lack of concentration; impulsivity and hyperactivity.... [tags: neurological disorders]
1163 words (3.3 pages)
- Tourette syndrome is a neurological disorder represented by unintentional tics and vocalizations. Simple and complex are words that are used to describe the two types of tics. Although the cause of Tourette syndrome has not yet been discovered, existing research believes it is caused from abnormalities in specific regions of the brain. These abnormalities make the nerves communicate with the brain improperly. Many people with Tourette syndrome undergo further neurobehavioral tribulations including lack of concentration; impulsivity and hyperactivity.... [tags: neurogical disorder, tics and vocalizations]
916 words (2.6 pages)
- Discussion Biomedical Sciences: Generalised Anxiety Disorder DC has the diagnosis of generalised anxiety disorder (GAD), a common anxiety disorder, with an estimated lifetime prevalence of 5% (using DSM-IV criteria). It is characterised by persistent and uncontrollable anxiety and worry that the patient usually recognises as excessive and irrational. It can be a chronic and debilitating condition, and worsens the prognosis for other conditions. The exact mechanism of GAD is unclear. Given the high degree of cormorbidity of GAD and depression, and the fact that symptoms of both conditions respond to the same treatment, it is possible that the two conditions share a common neurobiologica... [tags: serotonin, worry, treatments]
1762 words (5 pages)
- Tourette Syndrome Tourette syndrome is an inherited severe neurological disorder usually occurring before the age of eighteen and is associated with a degree of facial and body tics sometimes accompanied by random declarations of phrases or obscenities (2,3). The facial and body tics associated with the disorder can be painful and even embarrassing. Involuntary body movements such as jaw snapping, gyrating, hopping, and obscene gesturing are to name a few (1). Tourette Syndrome was named after a French neuropsychiatrist named Gilles de la Tourette who successfully assessed the disorder in the late 1800’s(3).... [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
1125 words (3.2 pages)
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), is a common disorder of the intestines that affects nearly one out of five people in the United States. According to the book, Irritable Bowel Syndrome & the Mind-Body-Brain-Gut Connection by William B. Salt II, IBS is the most common functional gastrointestinal disorder. The symptoms include constipation, diarrhea or alternating bouts of both, bloating, abdominal pain and many other problems. Symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome usually begin during adolescence or early adulthood.... [tags: Papers]
2509 words (7.2 pages)