"In short, by not complying with their assigned gender roles, gays and lesbians threaten the system of male dominance (Calhoun 157)"
A debate is raging in America about who people have a right to marry. In response to lesbians and gays asking for the right to marry, many legislators are writing laws to ban same-sex marriage in their respective states. Even President Bush supports a Constitutional amendment that would ban same-sex marriage (prez.bush.marriage/). Opponents of such legislation do not want discrimination passed into law and are protesting at every opportunity. One must understand the reasons that people want to ban same-sex marriage before he or she can effectively argue about the subject. Many advocates of same-sex marriage bans say that allowing gays and lesbians to marry would degrade the institution of marriage because marriage is only supposed to exist between a man and woman. In addition, allowing same-sex marriage would cause problems for society (Issues and Controversies on File). One theory why opponents may fight against same-sex marriages is that heterosexual marriages have long reinforced traditional gender roles within marriage and that allowing same-sex marriages would cause males to lose their authority to subordinate females as heterosexual couples begin to model same-sex marriage gender equality (Calhoun 157).
The traditional argument against same-sex marriage states that marriage is defined as the emotional and spiritual union of a man and a woman. According to that definition, a pair of men or women cannot marry. Opponents of same-sex marriage bans, however, argue that marriage is a basic personal and social right and a social contract that is devoid of gender consideration. Cheshire Calhoun states, "the dominant goal of marriage is and should be unitive, the spiritual and personal union of the committed couple" (151). The sexual orientation or gender of the partners does not lessen the importance placed upon entering such a union and need not be used to restrict who can enter into such a union.
Heterosexuals have enjoyed the right to marry throughout recorded history, though there have been restrictions placed over who could marry that have been overc...
... middle of paper ...
...at sodomy is immoral or that same-sex unions are immoral, but nevertheless think the state should adopt a neutral position, refraining from criminalizing sodomy and offering legal protection for same-sex unions under domestic partnership laws" (Calhoun 168).
LOVING ET UX. v. VIRGINIA. http://web.lexis-nexis.com/universe/document? _m=5fc1bb0239c8912aa97d779528e9d62b& _docnum=2&wchp=dGLbVlb-zSkVb&_md5=60c85af0cd3ade6c85561f31ba41bdc7
Calhoun, Cheshire. Feminism, the Family, and the Politics of the Closet: Lesbian and Gay Displacement. Oxford University Press: New York, 2000.
Corvino, John. Why Shouldn't Tommy and Jim Have Sex? A Defense of Homosexuality. Rowman & Littlefield: New York, 1997.
Issues and Controversies on File. Same-Sex Marriage. Facts on File News Services: New York, 1996.
Levin, Michael E. Sexual Orientation and Human rights. Rowman & Littlefield: New York, 1999.
B.A. Robinson. “CONSERVATIVE RELIGIOUS OPPOSITION TO SAME-SEX MARRIAGES”. http://www.religioustolerance.org/hom_marj_c.htm.
Sullivan, Andrew. Virtually Normal. Alfred A. Knopf Inc: New York, 1995.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Homosexuality is an intensely debated issue in the United States, but there are trends indicating an increased normalization of the gay/lesbian lifestyle. According to Lee Condon (2001), the Census 2000 should be remembered as the first gay and lesbian census. During this census, the federal head-counters made an attempt to count gay and lesbian households for the first time. When the data was released, it showed that 1.2 million same-sex, unmarried partners had been identified. Single gays and lesbians were left out of this part of the census count, but a study commissioned by the national gay lobby, Human Rights Campaign, estimated that Census 2000 undercounted gay and lesbian couples by a... [tags: Homosexuality, Academic Essays]
2293 words (6.6 pages)
- Differences in Gays and Lesbians HIV/AIDS is one of the leading causes of death according to the World Health Organization in 2004. Imagine the numbers of infection and death have steadily been increasing over the years, it probably has moved up in ranking. HIV is commonly transmitted by bodily fluids, but it is more highly transmitted when men have sex with men. I will be discussing the different variables that come into effect when gay men and lesbians are transmitted with HIV and how to avoid it.... [tags: Health, Diseases, HIV/AIDS]
1032 words (2.9 pages)
- Homosexuality is a hotly debated issue in the United States but there are trends that are showing some normalization of the gay/lesbian lifestyle. The Census 2000, according to Lee Condon (2001), should be remembered as the first gay and lesbian census because the federal head-counters made a first attempt to count gay and lesbian households. When the data was released, it showed that 1.2 million same-sex, unmarried partners had been identified. Single gays and lesbians were left out of this part of the census count, but a study commissioned by the national gay lobby, Human Rights Campaign, estimated that Census 2000 undercounted gay and lesbian couples by a factor of 62 percent (Condon, 200... [tags: Ethical Issues, Homosexuality]
2053 words (5.9 pages)
- Gays and lesbians Throughout television history it is hard to point out if there have ever been any lead gay characters. There was once a sitcom where the lead character was implied to be gay, in Tony Randall's "Love, Sidney" in 1981; he was a life long bachelor that had no visible interest in women (Rubin). Other than that gay characters have only been in supporting roles until Ellen DeGeneres came along. Ellen DeGeneres is valued by many gays and lesbians because she made history by coming out of the closet through her lead character role in the TV show "Ellen", and as a result made it a step easier for gays and lesbians to live their lives knowing that they may be accepted in society e... [tags: Media Television TV]
1398 words (4 pages)
- Equal Rights for Gays and Lesbians If the constitution promises equality before the law, what justification can there be for clearing rights to any member of society. More specifically what justification can there be for clearing rights to gays and lesbians. Lots of questions come to mind when the topic of gays and lesbians having equal rights as any other citizen in society would have. Should gays and lesbians have equal employment opportunities. Should they have the right to adopt a child, and should they have the right to marry their own sex partner.... [tags: Persuasive, Gay Marriage, Legal Issues, Political]
320 words (0.9 pages)
- There are many issues that interfere with the health and happiness of those within the Gay and Lesbian community. The National Association Position Statement on Gays and Lesbians is as attempt to abolish such issues within the social work practice. One place that individuals of any sexual orientation practice should feel safe is with those who have chosen the field of social work as a means to helping the oppressed. Social workers must be aware of their own personal beliefs and values when it comes to the fear of and the misrepresentation of working with this divers group.... [tags: Homosexuality]
2324 words (6.6 pages)
- Stephen J. Thornton is active in the social studies profession. He is the current Chair of the Department of Secondary Education and the University of Southern Florida. Thornton has chaired both the American Educational Research Association's Special Interest Group on research in social studies education and the College and University Faculty Assembly of the National Council for the Social Studies. In his 2009 paper, Silence on Gays and Lesbians is Social Studies Curriculum, Thornton highlights the exclusion of Gay, Lesbian, Bi-Sexual and Transgendered perspectives in social studies curriculums in the United States.... [tags: Social Issues, Heteronormativity]
1088 words (3.1 pages)
- In the essay “Why gays shouldn’t serve” by David Horowitz he states that “Don’t ask, Don’t Tell policy is a way of containing the destructive force of sex on a combat capability called Unit Cohesion. (354)” This controversial topic has surfaced more and more recently because Barack Obama wanted to let all people serve in the military, regardless of their sexual orientation. “More than 1,000 retired flag and general officers have joined us in signing an open letter to President Obama and Congress, repeal of this law would prompt many dedicated people to leave the military (James J.... [tags: gays, military, don't ask, don't tell]
1050 words (3 pages)
- THE HOMOPHILE YEARS (1940s-60s – WWII, Cold War, McCarthyism): 1940s · Growth in the urban subculture of gay men and lesbians. · Government and police harassment, persecution, and investigation of gays. 1950s-1960s · The homophile movement remained small and relatively marginalized. End of 1960s · Rise of activism + “Gay is good” · Reformist goals: ü decriminalization of homosexual acts, ü equal treatment and equal rights under the law, ü dissemination of accurate, ü “unbiased” information about homosexuality.... [tags: Gays and Lesbians in America]
758 words (2.2 pages)
- Don't Tolerate Gays and Lesbians Tolerance. Preference. I am so sick of those words. Why should people have to be tolerated. Tolerance should apply to annoying habits, like hearing the tapping of a pencil or cracking knuckles. People shouldn't have to be tolerated because of who they are. People shouldn't have to be put up with because of whom they wish to spend their time with. I believe a person's sexuality is not a preference. It is not a choice or a decision. It is simply the way a person is born.... [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics]
539 words (1.5 pages)