"Progressive Education assumes the world changes, and that in a universe that is not particularly concerned with ability to think straight" - Rychard Fink
During the early 1900s, the Progressive Movement came to the forefront of what Herbert Kliebard has called "the struggle for the American curriculum." Progressivism consistently challenged traditional ideals concerning the foundations upon which students' education in schools was based. The movement was greatly influenced by the writings of John Dewey, who was inspired by such known political theorists as Vittoriano da Feltre, Campanella, Comenius, Pestalozzi, Rousseau, and Bronson Alcott. In addition to Dewey, such prominent curriculum theorists as George Counts, Theodore Bramald, and Harold Rugg also made significant contributions to Progressivism in the early half of the 20th century in the United States.
The Progressive Movement promoted the idea that students be encouraged as independent thinkers, creative beings, and expressive about their feelings. This was a sharp contrast from prevalent educational approaches rooted in social efficiency in the early 1900s in the United States. Such approaches did not foster the importance of individualism and creativity, and instead emphasized classroom control, management, and a structured curriculum that focused on basic skills.
Two basic principles fostered in the Progressive Movement were continuity and interaction. Continuity i...
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