The Human Genome Project began in the mid 1980's and was widely examined within the scientific community and public press through the last half of that decade. In the United States, the Department of Energy (DOE) initially, and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) soon after, were the main research agencies within the US government responsible for developing and planning the project. By 1988, the two agencies were working together, an association that was formalized by the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding to "coordinate research and technical activities related to the human genome". The National Center for Human Genome Research (NCHGR) was established in 1989 to head the human genome project for the NIH. NCHGR is one of twenty-four institutes, centers, or divisions that make up the NIH, the federal government's main agency for the support of biomedical research. At least sixteen countries have established Human Genome Projects.
The Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) and the National Research Council (NRC) prepared a report describing the plans for the US human genome project and is updated as further advances in the underlying technology occur.
To achieve the scientific goals, which together encompass the human genome project, a number of administrative measures have been put in place. In addition, a newsletter, an electronic bulletin board, a comprehensive ad...
... middle of paper ...
...n its beginning.
Jonathan Glover argues for a "pragmatism of risks and benefits", writing that, "The debate on human genetic engineering should become like the on nuclear power: one in which large possible benefits have to be weighed against big problems and great disasters".
One significant element is the assertion that genetic engineering is radically different from any other kind of human medicine, and constitutes interference in a restricted area, trying to "play God".
As Robert Wright notes, "Biologists and ethicists have by now expended thousands of words warning about slippery slopes, reflecting on Nazi Germany, and warning that a government quest for a super race could begin anew" if genetic engineering ventures "too far".
In my opinion, I believe that, if and only if, a deadly disease is detected, then the scientists and/or doctors should tap into the DNA of a zygote or egg for testing and absolute knowledge of the steps of the procedure must be present. I do not believe that there should be a genetically advanced child in the world, everyone is created equal and nobody should have their destiny changed for any reason.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Human Genome Project (HGP) is a Multinational, collaborative research program whose goal was to complete mapping and understanding of all the genes present in the human being. The commencement of Human Genome Project began in 1988, with the support of the National Institute of Health (NIH) and Department of Energy (DOE). The Initial phase of the Human Genome Project (1990’s) relied on the findings and techniques such as Site-specific Restriction enzymes, positional cloning, Polymerase chain reaction, Fluorescence In-Situ Hybridization (FISH ) and STS ( sequence Tagged site )determination, used in early 1970-1980’s, to study and sequence genes.... [tags: DNA, Genetics, Human Genome Project, Human genome]
1091 words (3.1 pages)
- The Human Genome Project is an international scientific research project that had one goal: to complete mapping and understanding of all the genes of human beings. A genome is a collection of all your genes and DNA. Every human cell has about 4 thousand genes. The Human Genome Project has many advantages and disadvantages to society. It can help us advance in medicine by early detection of genetic diseases and agriculture by creating more disease resistant animals and plants. However it can also be detrimental, for instance, it may give parents a chance to pick and choose characters their children will inherit.... [tags: Genetics, DNA, Human Genome Project, Human genome]
911 words (2.6 pages)
- So what is a human genome and why is the government researching it. The Human genome is the sequence of roughly 20,000 genes that make up human Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), or the building blocks that tell cells what to do. The government project named Human Genome Project (HGP) started in 1990’s, and is trying to unravel the 3 billion chemical base pairs in a DNA strand (http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/physician-resources/medical-science/genetics-molecular-medicine/current-topics/human-genome.shtml.) DNA is made up of phosphates, sugars and amino acids, Adenine (A), Thymine (T), Cytosine(C) and Guanine (G).... [tags: Human Genome Project]
1702 words (4.9 pages)
- Introduction The purpose of the human genome project was to select the best pairs of the genes and the desirable characteristics in the human beings to maintain the production of the organisms according to the desirable gene sequencing. This project was initiated to control the sequencing of the gene artificially . The world’s largest biological plan was the human genome project as it was started on the large scale. The idea of this project was given by the researchers in 1984. The practical work started in 1990 to execute the project.... [tags: Genetics, DNA, Gene, Human Genome Project]
1491 words (4.3 pages)
- Director of the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), Francis Collins expressed that the genome could be thought of as a multipurpose book. "It 's a history book - a narrative of the journey of our species through time. It 's a shop manual, with an incredibly detailed blueprint for building every human cell. And it 's a transformative textbook of medicine, with insights that will give health care providers immense new powers to treat, prevent and cure disease." This analogy is very popular in describing how intricate and detailed the human genome is.... [tags: DNA, Genetics, Gene, Human Genome Project]
1166 words (3.3 pages)
- The Human Genome Project commenced in 1990, with the goal of sequencing the entire human genome within 25 years. This was successfully completed in the early 2000s due to widespread research efforts and advancements in computing technology (4). With this knowledge, researchers shifted their focus to individual genes; particularly, the function of the proteins they coded for. “Gene knockout” is the general term used for synthetically inactivating a gene of interest. There are three basic approaches for gene-inactivation: [i] take a normal (wild type) gene and replace it with a nonfunctional sequence (which will be discussed below), [ii] express another allele that codes for an inhibitory prot... [tags: DNA, Gene, Genetics, Genome]
919 words (2.6 pages)
- Many nations across the globe have collaborated to develop the Human Genome Project; a scientific program of which focuses on the development of our genetic blueprint. In 1990, the Human Genome Project officially began in the United States, with the Department of Energy (DOE), and the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The objective of the Human Genome Project is to provide an accurate template of the entire DNA sequence, including the three billion DNA (Deoxyrobosenucleic acid) base pairs that make up the complete Genome.... [tags: DNA, Gene, Genetics, Genome]
1320 words (3.8 pages)
- Morality and the Human Genome Project Does the Human Genome Project affect the moral standards of society. Can the information produced by it become a beneficial asset or a moral evil. For example, in a genetic race or class distinction the use of the X chromosome markers can be used for the identification of a persons ethnicity or class (Murphy,34). A seemingly harmless collection of information from the advancement of the Human Genome Project. But, lets assume this information is used to explore ways to deny entry into countries, determine social class, or even who gets preferential treatment.... [tags: Science Human Genome Ethics Essays]
1359 words (3.9 pages)
- The Human Genome Project Now more than ever it is not uncommon to hear of scientific barriers being crossed. This is seen through, "a scientific research effort . . . currently under way which is unlike anything ever before attempted. International in its scope, it is enormously expensive and, if successful, could lead to our ultimate control of human disease, aging, and death. It is nothing short of a revolution against the way science has traditionally progressed"1 . This statement of Thomas Lee refers to a massive scientific undertaking known as the human genome project, an endeavor that aims to discover each and every intricacy of human genetics.... [tags: Genome Science biology Essays]
2348 words (6.7 pages)
- The Implications of the Human Genome Project on Human Health The human genome project was scientific project to identify both the genes and the entire sequence of DNA base pairs that make up the human genome. An international scientific effort to map all of the genes on the 23 pairs of human chromosomes and, to sequence the 3.1 billion DNA base pairs that make up the chromosomes. But with the mapping of the human genome there will be some ethical and social aspects that will be raised with the identification of the base pairs of the human genome.... [tags: Free Essays]
363 words (1 pages)